|Type||Â Â Â||Government Building, Prison Camp|
|Historical Name of Location||Â Â Â||Moscow, Moscow, Russia|
Contributor: C. Peter Chen
ww2dbaseThe large building at Lubyanka Square in Moscow, Russia was designed by Alexander Ivanov in 1897, and was built in the following year. It was the headquarters of the All-Russia Insurance Company until the Soviets siezed the building to house its intelligence services. During the WW2 era, it was the headquarters of the People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del), or NKVD for short. The Lubyanka building was expanded in the 1940s to house the rapidly expanding staff. The building was infamous for the prison within, where uncooperative suspected enemies of the state were tortured and were often sentenced to forced labor camps in Siberia. A dark joke told by Muscovite had it that the Lubyanka building was the tallest structure in Moscow, for that one could see Siberia from it. During the war, Lavrentiy Beria held his office on the third floor of the building. In 1983, the building was renovated to remedy the assymetric appearance resulted from the 1940s war time expansion. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the building continued to serve as a government building, housing the headquarters Border Guard Service, a directorate of the Federal Security Service, and the Lubyanka Prison.
Last Major Update: Apr 2015
Lubyanka Building Interactive Map
Lubyanka Building Timeline
|15 Oct 1941Â||The Lubyanka Prison staff began the evacuation from Moscow, Russia, transferring the first group of prisoners to Kuibyshev (now Samara) and Saratov on this day.|
|5 Oct 1942Â||The Soviet STAVKA arrested Major General Ivan Rukhle, recent deputy chief of the headquarters of the Stalingrad Front, and falsely charged him with treason. Rukhle would be kept at the Lubyanka prison near Moscow, Russia until 1952.|
|25 Sep 1944Â||Slovakian Captain Frantisek Urban, tricked by the Soviets to visit Moscow in Russia, was arrested by SMERSH and was transferred to the Lubyanka Prison.|
|21 Jan 1945Â||Raoul Wallenberg was transferred to the Lubyanka prison in Moscow, Russia.|
|30 Jan 1945Â||Russian monarchist Vasili Shulgin, who had been arrested in Yugoslavia in Dec 1944, was brought to Lubyanka Prison in Moscow, Russia.|
|6 Feb 1945Â||Raoul Wallenberg was transferred back to the Lubyanka prison in Moscow, Russia.|
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|WW2-Era Place NameÂ||Moscow, Moscow, Russia|
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Joachim von Ribbentrop, German Foreign Minister, Aug 1939
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