Drancy Concentration Camp
|Type||55 Prison Camp|
|Historical Name of Location||Paris, France|
Contributor: C. Peter Chen
ww2dbaseDrancy, located in the northeastern suburbs of Paris, France, was an internment camp in the German concentration camp system. It was created shortly after the German conquest of France in 1940, although it was used only as barracks for French police units loyal to the Germans before being converted into a camp for French Jews in the following year. The first Jews arrived at Drancy on 20 Aug 1941, where they would be processed before being sent to concentration camps in Eastern Europe. Up until Jul 1943, the German SS organization ran the camp through the French police; after, the SS took direct control, with Alois Brunner as the commandant. Although the camp had a capacity of 700, by 1944 it was regularly holding more than 7,000 prisoners. Notable prisoners at Drancy included artist Max Jacob, playwright Tristan Bernard, choreographer RenĂ© Blum, Dutch painter Max van Dam, and German artist Charlotte Salomon. During the German occupation, Drancy sent 67,400 Jews (6,000 of whom were children) to Auschwitz, which made up the bulk of the total of 75,000 French Jews deported to Auschwitz during this period. Allied forces arrived at the camp in Aug 1944; 1,542 prisoners remained at Drancy at the time of its liberation.
Last Major Update: Dec 2016
Drancy Concentration Camp Interactive Map
Drancy Concentration Camp Timeline
|20 Aug 1941||After sundown, the Germans conducted another round-up of Jews in Paris, France. Their French passports were confiscated, and they would eventually be deported to the Drancy Concentration Camp and later to various concentration camps in Germany and Eastern Europe.|
|16 Jul 1942||9,000 French policemen conducted a round-up, gathering 12,887 Parisian Jews born outside of France. 6,000 of them were sent to Drancy Concentration Camp Camp located just outside the city, while the other 6,000 were detained at the VĂ©lodrome d'Hiver stadium where they had to share one water tap and ten toilets.|
|3 Jul 1943||The German SS organization took direct control of Drancy internment camp in Paris, France, installing Alois Brunner as the commandant.|
|7 Oct 1943||German artist Charlotte Salomon, who had married a French Jew, was deported from Drancy concentration camp in Paris, France for Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland.|
|3 Feb 1944||The Drancy Concentration Camp in Paris, France sent its 67th transport for Auschwitz Concentration Camp with more than 1,000 Jews.|
|7 Mar 1944||The 69th transport from Drancy Concentration Camp in Paris, France departed for Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland with 1,501 prisoners. It would arrive at Auschwitz on 10 Mar and 1,311 of them would be gassed upon arrival.|
|7 Apr 1944||44 Jewish children and their 7 adult caretakers, arrested in a children's home in Izieu, France on the previous day, arrived at Drancy concentration camp. They all would later be deported to Auschwitz in Poland for their execution by gassing.|
|13 Apr 1944||Drancy Concentration Camp in France dispatched its 71st convoy with 1,500 Jews for Auschwitz Concentration Camp.|
|23 Aug 1944||In Paris, France, the Drancy Concentration Camp, a transit camp for French Jews used during German occupation, was liberated by Allied troops.|
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|WW2-Era Place Name||Paris, France|
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