Longhua Civilian Assembly Center
|Type||Â Â Â||169 Prison Camp|
|Historical Name of Location||Â Â Â||Shanghai, China|
|Coordinates||Â Â Â||31.141308000, 121.437324000|
Contributor: C. Peter Chen
ww2dbaseThe Kiansu Middle School was heavily damaged during the Second Battle of Shanghai in 1937 and remained semi-abandoned for the subsequent years. In Mar 1943, the Japanese occupation administration used the school buildings to form the Longhua Civil Assembly Center (alternate spellings: Lunghua, Lunghwa) for the internment citizens of various European nations and citizens of the United States. Most, but not all, of the internees were residents of the former international concession zone in Shanghai. Five wooden buildings, originally built as stables, augmented the seven concrete buildings, increasing the capacity of prisoners to 1,988. One notable internee was the author James Graham "J. G." Ballard, whose childhood experience at Longhua inspired the semi-autobiographical novel Empire of the Sun, which was later made into a film. The camp closed as the war ended in 1945. Today the 42-acre site of the former internment camp is occupied by a variety of buildings, including those belonging to the Shanghai High School and the Shanghai World Foreign Language Middle School.
Last Major Update: Apr 2016
Did you enjoy this article or find this article helpful? If so, please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 per month will go a long way! Thank you.
Share this article with your friends:
Stay updated with WW2DB:
|WW2-Era Place NameÂ||Shanghai, China|
- Â» 1,115 biographies
- Â» 334 events
- Â» 39,844 timeline entries
- Â» 1,169 ships
- Â» 339 aircraft models
- Â» 192 vehicle models
- Â» 364 weapon models
- Â» 121 historical documents
- Â» 229 facilities
- Â» 464 book reviews
- Â» 28,154 photos
- Â» 366 maps
James Forrestal, Secretary of the Navy, 23 Feb 1945
Please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 a month will go a long way. Thank you!
Or, please support us by purchasing some WW2DB merchandise at TeeSpring, Thank you!