Ashigara file photo [19500]

Sembawang Bases

Type   Airfield, Army Base, Naval Port, Shipyard
Historical Name of Location   Sembawang, Singapore, Singapore

Contributor:

ww2dbaseIn 1923, the British Royal Navy announced the plans to establish a major navy base in Singapore. Construction began in the same year, but progress was slow as it had a low priority. In 1931, Japan invaded the Manchuria region of northeastern China, which alarmed Britain, and the construction of the Singapore naval base began to pick up pace. His Majesty's Naval Base Singapore was finally completed in 1939 at the cost of 60,000,000. It boasted the 300-meter long King George VI Graving Dock (the world's largest drydock) and Admiralty IX Floating Dry Dock (the world's third largest floating drydock), and stored enough fuel to support the entire Royal Navy for six months. Aside from it being a navy base, it also had airfields which served Royal Air Force and Fleet Air Arm aircraft; these facilities were officially named RAF Sembawang and Royal Naval Air Station Simbang, respectively. Collectively, these bases were defended by several 15-inch naval guns stationed by nearby Johore, Changi, and at Buona Vista; smaller guns were installed at Fort Siloso, Fort Canning, and Labrador.

ww2dbaseAfter a relatively brief battle, the Japanese took control of the bases in early 1942. British troops destroyed the gates to the King George VI Graving Dock, among other acts of sabotage around the base, but ultimately the Japanese Navy would make the repairs, and operated the base through the length of the war. In 1944 and 1945, Allied aircraft conducted air raids against the base; the drydock was among the primary targets.

ww2dbaseIn Sep 1945, the British regained control of the bases after the Japanese surrender. Sembawang continued to be an important military complex for the British after WW2, and it was a major staging area for operations during the Malayan Emergency of 1948 to 1960 and subsequent uprisings of the colonized peoples. In 1968, part of the naval base was converted into a civilian shipyard. In 1971, Britain gave up control of the facilities (leaving behind only a very small British contingent and a New Zealand Regiment, the latter of which remained until 1999), and the bases were turned over to the Singaporean military. In 1992, Singapore agreed to allow the Logistics Group Western Pacific of US Task Force 73 to establish its headquarters at Sembawang.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia

Last Major Update: Jul 2013



Sembawang Bases Interactive Map

Photographs

RMS Queen Mary in the King George VI Graving Dock, Sembawang, Singapore, Aug 1940Entrance to RAF Station Sembawang, Singapore, circa 1941Royal Navy building hosting the headquarters of the Commander-in-Chief China Station and the Rear Admiral Malaya, Singapore, 1941A British Warship inside the Admiralty IX Floating Dry Dock, Singapore, Sep 1941
See all 13 photographs of Sembawang Bases



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Modern Day Location
WW2-Era Place Name Sembawang, Singapore, Singapore
Lat/Long 1.4253, 103.8128
Sembawang Bases Photo Gallery
RMS Queen Mary in the King George VI Graving Dock, Sembawang, Singapore, Aug 1940
See all 13 photographs of Sembawang Bases




Famous WW2 Quote
"All right, they're on our left, they're on our right, they're in front of us, they're behind us... they can't get away this time."

Lt. Gen. Lewis B. "Chesty" Puller, at Guadalcanal