Taihoku General Government Building
|Type||152 Government Building|
|Historical Name of Location||Taihoku, Taihoku, Taiwan|
Contributor: C. Peter Chen
ww2dbaseBetween 1906 and 1910, an architectural design contest was held for a new building that would house the colonial governor for Taiwan, a territory newly gained by Japan after the First Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895. The design by Uheiji Nagano won the competition. After modification by Matsunosuke Moriyama, who added more office spaces and increased the tower from 6 stories to 11 stories, among other changes, the General Government Building was built in Taihoku (now Taipei) between Jun 1912 and Mar 1919. It suffered from a fire that began in the photography supplies storage room in 1935, causing extensive damage to the main corridor on the west side of the building. In May 1945, during what would be the heaviest air raid on Taihoku, it was heavily damaged by bomb blasts and the resulting fire that burned for three days. Between late 1945 and early 1947, it was used as an internment center for Japanese nationals. The building was restored between 1947 and 1948 and was renamed Chieh Shou Hall, a poetic name that wished longevity for Chinese President Chiang Kaishek. Until mid-1949, it had served as the headquarters of the Southeast Military Affairs Office, but when the Republic of China withdrew to Taiwan after being defeated in the Chinese Civil War, it underwent conversion as Chiang's new office, which took effect in 1950. The building would remain Chiang's office until his death in 1975. In Jul 1998, it was officially designated a historical building. In 2006, Chieh Shou Hall was officially renamed Presidential Office Building by the first non-Nationalist Party incumbent as a part of his campaign to remove artifacts of the Nationalist Party from public life. It remains the Presidential Office of the Republic of China at the time of this writing.
Office of the President, Republic of China (Taiwan)
Last Major Update: May 2015
Taihoku General Government Building Interactive Map
Taihoku General Government Building Timeline
|17 Apr 1923||Crown Prince Hirohito visited the Taiwan Grand Shrine, Taihoku General Government Building, and Taihoku Botanical Garden in Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan.|
|31 May 1945||117 B-24 bombers of US 15th Air Force attacked Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan between 1000 and 1300 hours nearly without stop, dropping about 3,800 bombs. US air crews reported minimal Japanese fighter defense. Taihoku General Government Building suffered a direct hit, rendering it unusable until after the war. The anti-aircraft position in present day Sanzhong District of New Taipei City, Taihoku General Government building, residence of the Assistant Governor-General, Taihoku Raiway Hotel, Army Headquarters building, Taihoku Imperial University, Taihoku Train Station, Bank of Taiwan, Taihoku High Court, Taihoku Park, Taihoku First Girls' High School, Longshan Temple (main building and left corridor were damaged, destroying many precious artifacts), Penglai Catholic Church (used by civilians as an air raid shelter; it was completely destroyed), Huashan Catholic Church, and many other military, government, and civilian structures were damaged or destroyed. About 3,000 were killed, tens of thousands were made homeless. This was the largest US raid on the city during WW2.|
|10 Oct 2011||11 veterans of the US Navy Sino-American Special Technical Cooperative Organization (SACO) became the guests of honor at the centennial celebration of the founding of republican China, reviewing a military parade before the Presidential Office Building in Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China.|
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|WW2-Era Place Name||Taihoku, Taihoku, Taiwan|
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George Patton, 31 May 1944
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