Crew of a Ju 88 A-1 bomber of I./KG 51 'Edelweiß' preparing for flight, Belgium or France, 1940

Caption   Crew of a Ju 88 A-1 bomber of I./KG 51 'Edelweiß' preparing for flight, Belgium or France, 1940 ww2dbase
Photographer   
Source    ww2dbaseGerman Federal Archive
Identification Code   Bild 101I-402-0265-03A
More on...   
Ju 88   Main article  Photos  
Added By C. Peter Chen
Added Date 31 Jul 2010

This photograph has been scaled down; full resolution photograph is available here (800 by 537 pixels).

Licensing  Creative Commons. According to the German Federal Archive (Bundesarchiv), as of 21 Jul 2010, photographs can be reproduced with if these preconditions are met:
- quote the "Federal Archives" as source,
- add the signature of the pictures and
- of name of the originator, i.e. the photographer.
...
You also can use fotos from the Federal Archives for free on Wikimedia Commons
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Commons:Bundesarchiv



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Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
6 Jan 2011 07:23:42 PM

Spain operated the Junkers Ju88A-4, ten of the bombers were bought in 1943, the aircraft
were secondhand, from Luftwaffe stocks and
delivered at Toulouse Airport, Spain.

These bombers were supplemeted by thirteen
other Ju88s that were interned.
As the war continued Spain couldn't depend on
the Germans for spare-parts and most of the
bombers were used for spare-parts.
The bombers were retired in the late 1940s
early 1950s
2. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
5 Feb 2011 03:30:21 PM

The Ju88 had a crew of four, and was powered by two Jumo liquid-cooled inline engines.
Armament:
1x7.92mm MG installed in cockpit windscreen firing forward w/1000 rounds, 2x7.92mm MG's
w/1000 rounds per gun, for rear gunners.

Field modifications:
Some crews installed one 7.92mm MG on each side of the cockpit glazing. 13mm MG's were also used in place of the 7.92 weapons.
Bombload depended on the mission.
3. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
9 Mar 2012 05:52:23 PM

JACK OF ALL TRADES:

Bomber, Dive Bomber, Fighter-Bomber, Attack-Bomber, Heavy-Fighter, Torpedo Bomber, Reconnaissance-Bomber, Night-Fighter, Dual- Contol Trainer even Flying Bomb.

The Junkers Ju 88 started out as a fast medium bomber, for the Luftwaffe and ended the war as a nightfighter, prowling the night skies over the Fatherland.
The Ju 88 was improved as the war continued the G-series was built as a special needs nightfighter the fuselage was cleaned up to improve speed and reduce aerodynamic drag.

Aircraft were powered by BMW801D 1700hp radial air-cooled engines, or Junkers Jumo 213A 1750hp inline liquid-cooled engines.

THE WIZARD WAR:

The G-series carried FuG 350 Naxos or FuG 227
homing devices and FuG 220 Lichtenstein SN-2
90 MHz VHF radar the FuG 25a IFF(Identify Friend-or-Foe),FuG 218 Neptun V/R or the new FuG 240 Berlin dish sweep radar mounted in a
new aerodynamic nose cone, this design was the for runner of all modern airborne dish radar.

The Ju 88G-6 carried various airborne radar equipment including the new Morgenstern forward-looking search radar, rearward defensive warning radar, special FuG 350Z Naxos passive radar used to detect H2S ground-mapping radar used by night flying British bombers, FuG 101a, FuG 16ZY, FuG 10P FuG 25a IFF(Identify Friend-or-Foe)Armament and the FuB/2F Landing Guidance Equipment
About 10 to 20 aircraft were completed with this new radar equipment before wars end.

Over 15,000 Ju 88s were built making it the third most-produced aircraft after the
Bf 109 and Fw 190 fighters.
Ju 88G-series Armament 4x20mm MG151/20 cannons in ventral gunpack, 2x20mm MG151/20 cannons in Schrage Musik(Jazz Music) that was installed obliquely firing upward at 70 degrees, 1x13mm MG131 machine gun for rear defense. At the end of WWII the Allies tested
and evaluated the Ju 88 and examined wartime German airborne technology.
The last operational Ju 88s were retired by the French in 1951
4. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
14 Mar 2012 08:04:24 PM

The Junkers Ju 88G-6 carried state-of-the-art
FuG 240 cavity magnetron-based 3GHz radar system, this was an advanced design dish type adjustable antenna the radar unit was fully enclosed in a plywood nose cone and did away with the drag producing outside antennas. The Ju 88 also carried advanced electronic equipment as stated in the above comment #3

The 4x20mm MG151/20 cannons in the ventral gunpack carried 200rpg, the upward firing 2x20mm MG151/20 cannons carried 200rpg and the rear-firing 13mm MG131 machine gun carried 500rounds.
During WWII besides Junkers, the Ju 88 was produced by or built sub-assemblies by Arado Siebel, Dornier, Heinkel, Henschel and AGO.
Factories in occupied Czechoslovakia and France built major sub-assemblies for the
Ju 88. Did you know Volkswagan VW also built sub-assemblies.
5. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
14 Mar 2012 08:04:28 PM

The Junkers Ju 88G-6 carried state-of-the-art
FuG 240 cavity magnetron-based 3GHz radar system, this was an advanced design dish type adjustable antenna the radar unit was fully enclosed in a plywood nose cone and did away with the drag producing outside antennas. The Ju 88 also carried advanced electronic equipment as stated in the above comment #3

The 4x20mm MG151/20 cannons in the ventral gunpack carried 200rpg, the upward firing 2x20mm MG151/20 cannons carried 200rpg and the rear-firing 13mm MG131 machine gun carried 500rounds.
During WWII besides Junkers, the Ju 88 was produced by or built sub-assemblies by Arado Siebel, Dornier, Heinkel, Henschel and AGO.
Factories in occupied Czechoslovakia and France built major sub-assemblies for the
Ju 88. Did you know Volkswagan VW also built sub-assemblies.
6. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
12 May 2012 06:28:07 PM

Did you know...

The French resistance captured a number of Ju88s in Southern France, the bombers were turned over to the Free French Air Force.

CHANGE OF MARKINGS:

The Ju88s were refurbished and now marked in French colors, and carried large black and
white stripes on the wings and fuselages, so
Allied fighters, wouldn't be mistaken for Luftwaffe Ju88s.

FORTUNES OF WAR:

Ju88s of Groupe de Bombardement I/31 Aunis
carried out bombing missions against german positions on the Atlantic coast, it was a twist of fate that German troops were attacked by ex-Luftwaffe Ju88s, dropping German bombs.

BUILD YOUR OWN AIR FORCE:

As the Germans pulled out of France, large stocks of spare-parts, tools, jigs and abandoned aircraft were later used by the French, to buildup their post-war air force.
Ex-Luftwaffe aircraft operated into the 1950s, along side American and British WWII surplus aircraft.

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