Lebensborn

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Lebensborn ("the Fount of Life") was established in Munich, Germany on 12 Dec 1935 as an officially registered Nazi Party organization under the jurisdiction of the Schutzstaffel, or the SS. The racially-motivated program, partially also a response to the declining birth rate in Germany, provided housing and care for pregnant wives of SS members, unmarried mothers, and orphans. The first facility opened in 1936 at the village of Steinhöring near Munich.

On 13 Sep 1936, SS leader Heinrich Himmler wrote to SS members that the organizations had the obligations of providing

  1. aid for racially and biologically-hereditarily valuable families.
  2. the accommodation of racially and biologically-hereditarily valuable mothers in appropriate homes, etc.
  3. care of the children of such families
  4. care of the mothers

In 1938, Lebensborn was transferred to an office under the direction of SS-Standartenführer Max Sollmann and SS-Oberführer Dr. Gregor Ebner, who answered directly to Himmler. By 1939, membership reached 8,000. Members of the program typically received the best healthcare available, and the mothers and children were well fed until the final days of the war.

As Germany began conquering neighboring nations, the Lebensborn program also expanded, with the first facility outside of Germany being established in Norway in 1941, though expansion did not significantly reach areas outside of Germany, Norway, and Poland. The establishment of facilities in Poland eventually introduced a new aim for the program, which was to Germanize young Polish children who displayed genetic traits that the Nazi Party members considered to be superior, ie. "Aryan". Many of these Polish children were forcefully taken away from their Polish parents, some by Lebensborn personnel and some by others not associated with the organization. In the conquered nations, Lebensborn facilities also served as a refuge for some of the women who fraternized with Germans and became pregnant, who would otherwise be ostracized.

The study of Lebensborn records after the war revealed that about 8,000 children were born in Lebensborn facilities in Germany, 8,000 in Norway, and fewer in other countries. 250 of the Norwegian children born into the Lebensborn program were adopted by German families; all but 80 of them were brought back to Norway after the war.

Source: Wikipedia.

Photographs

Baptism of a child born to a Lebensborn member, Germany, 1936, photo 1 of 4Baptism of a child born to a Lebensborn member, Germany, 1936, photo 2 of 4Baptism of a child born to a Lebensborn member, Germany, 1936, photo 3 of 4Baptism of a child born to a Lebensborn member, Germany, 1936, photo 4 of 4
See all 9 photographs of Lebensborn





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Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Anonymous says:
28 Mar 2011 02:35:29 AM

Thanks.
2. Diane Burke Fessler says:
27 Oct 2013 02:55:20 PM

I am author of NO TIME FOR FEAR, VOICES OF AMERICAN MILITARY NURSES IN WORLD WAR II, which contains oral histories of nurses who served all over the world. The 'SS Babies' are mentioned by a nurse who saw the place in Germany afte the war was over. When I researched it, references were that German girls were selected to have babies by SS so that the race would get more pure. Also saw where it was mentioned when Eugenics was written about - that some babies were euthanized when they didn't come up to standards in these places. It has been a long time and I don't have the notes from those references.
3. Anonymous says:
6 Mar 2015 06:20:39 PM

It is already tells a lot of nonsense! Lebensborn was a facility where women who gave birth to illegitimate children, they were able to give anonymously. Not more.
4. Brett says:
27 Jan 2016 04:48:39 PM

My wife is trying to verify her dad was a member of the lebonsborn team. His name is Helge Robert Berntsen born in 1941. Are there any records?
5. Anonymous says:
23 Oct 2016 09:36:43 AM

my birthcertificate without a fathers name ...has been a problem for me even today ..I'm 72....nobody in my entire family ever explained anything..I am living in usa but hard to exlain to my children

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Baptism of a child born to a Lebensborn member, Germany, 1936, photo 1 of 4
See all 9 photographs of Lebensborn




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