|Born||7 Jan 1883|
|Died||12 Jun 1963|
Contributor: C. Peter Chen
ww2dbaseAndrew Browne "ABC" Cunningham had been a member of the Royal Navy as early as 1897. He was a veteran of the South African War (1899-1902) and WW1. During WW2, he was commander-in-chief of the Mediterranean from 1939 to 1942, and again in 1943. His outstanding naval record led to his appointment as the overall Allied naval commander under General Dwight Eisenhower in 1942 during the North African and Sicilian campaigns. He served as First Sea Lord and Chief Naval Staff from 1943 to 1945. He was absolutely loyal to the British naval tradition, always ordering his captains to fight aggressively and not "let the army down". "It takes three years to build a ship", he said, "it takes three centuries to build a tradition".
ww2dbase"He was the Nelsonian type of admiral", recalled Dwight Eisenhower. "He believed that ships went to sea in order to find and destroy the enemy. He thought always in terms of attack, never of defense." During the Battle off Calabria in Jul 1940, he ordered his flagship, the HMS Warspite, in a bitter chase against the Italian fleet. Then at the Battle off Matapan, he chased the Italian fleet once again and sank three cruisers during the night time action. "He was a real sea dog," added Eisenhower.
ww2dbaseIn terms of royal titles, in 1939 he was made a Knight Commander of the Bath in 1939. In 1945 he was made a Knight of the Thistle and appointed to the House of Lords as Baron Cunningham of Hyndhope. In 1946 he was admitted to the Order of Merit and named a Viscount. He acted as Lord High Steward at the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in 1953.
ww2dbaseHe retired from Royal Navy service in 1946, and passed away in 1963.
ww2dbaseSources: Crusade in Europe, Wikipedia.
Last Major Revision: Aug 2005
Andrew Cunningham Interactive Map
Andrew Cunningham Timeline
|7 Jan 1883Â||Andrew Cunningham was born.|
|12 Jun 1963Â||Andrew Cunningham passed away.|
Did you enjoy this article or find this article helpful? If so, please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 per month will go a long way! Thank you.
Share this article with your friends:
Stay updated with WW2DB:
Â»Â Malta Campaign
Â»Â Battle of Gabon
Â»Â Battle of Matapan
Â»Â Operation Torch
Â»Â Conclusion of the Desert War
Â»Â Invasion of Sicily and Italy's Surrender
Â»Â Octagon Conference
Â»Â Malta Conference
Â»Â Yalta Conference
Â»Â Armistice with Italy, Employment and Disposition of Italian Fleet and Merchant Marine (Cunningham-de Courten Agreement)
- Â» 1,107 biographies
- Â» 334 events
- Â» 39,146 timeline entries
- Â» 1,155 ships
- Â» 339 aircraft models
- Â» 192 vehicle models
- Â» 357 weapon models
- Â» 120 historical documents
- Â» 228 facilities
- Â» 464 book reviews
- Â» 27,824 photos
- Â» 362 maps
James Forrestal, Secretary of the Navy, 23 Feb 1945
Please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 a month will go a long way. Thank you!
Or, please support us by purchasing some WW2DB merchandise at TeeSpring, Thank you!