Boris III file photo [609]

Boris III

Given NameBoris
HouseSaxe-Coburg and Gotha
Born30 Jan 1894
Died28 Aug 1943


ww2dbaseTsar Boris III, born Boris Klemens Robert Maria Pius Ludwig Stanislaus Xaver, was the son of Tsar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria. He took the throne in 1918 when his father abdicated after military losses during the Second Balkan War and World War I. In 1930, he married Giovanna of Savoy, daughter of King Vittorio Emanuele III of Italy, and formed a friendly relationship with that country. After years of slowly building his strength within Bulgaria, he finally established a dictatorship with the backing of the military in May 1934 that outlawed political parties, thereby granting him absolute power. As the tension built up in Europe, Boris had been on good terms with Germany but had hesitated to ally Bulgaria with the militarily aggressive nation. In 1941, however, political forces within the country left him little choice but to join the Axis alliance. Bulgaria was immediately thrown into fighting with Yugoslavia and Greece. The alliance with Germany also brought requests for the deportation of the 50,000 Bulgarian Jews; despite public rejection of the requests, he was still responsible for the deportation of 13,000 Jews. In Aug 1943, Boris was brought to Berlin and was forced to declare war on Britain and the United States, but he refused to declare war on Russia. Immediately following his return from Berlin, Boris died of a heart failure. He was originally buried in the Rila Monastery, but the communist government that later assumed power in Bulgaria had his body exhumed, and records of the new burial place had since been lost.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia.

Last Major Revision: May 2006

Boris III Interactive Map

Boris III Timeline

30 Jan 1894 Prince Boris was born in Sofia, Bulgaria.
19 May 1934 A military coup d'Ă©tat in Bulgaria seized power and abolished political parties. King Boris III was reduced to the status of a puppet king, but within a year he would lead a successful counter coup that would overthrow the military leaders.
31 Mar 1943 Adolf Hitler met Bulgarian King Boris III at his headquarters at Rastenburg, East Prussia, Germany.
15 Aug 1943 Tsar Boris III of Bulgaria visited Adolf Hitler; during the visit, Boris refused to change Bulgaria's neutral stance toward the Soviet Union.
28 Aug 1943 King Boris III of Bulgaria passed away mysteriously.


German Field Marshal August von Mackensen inspecting Bulgarian troops, 1916; note Bulgarian Crown Prince Boris behind himKing Boris III of Bulgaria at Hotel Pristol, Berlin, Germany, Apr 1929King Boris III of Bulgaria and FĂŒhrer Adolf Hitler of Germany, circa 1940sTsar Boris III of Bulgaria with Adolf Hitler, 1943

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German Field Marshal August von Mackensen inspecting Bulgarian troops, 1916; note Bulgarian Crown Prince Boris behind him
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