Franco file photo [668]

Francisco Franco

SurnameFranco
Given NameFrancisco
Born4 Dec 1892
Died20 Nov 1975
CountrySpain
CategoryGovernment
GenderMale

Contributor:

ww2dbaseFrancisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco y Bahamonde was born in Ferrol, Galicia, Spain to a Spanish Navy paymaster. Although his father was said to be abusive, Franco continued to respect him and decided to follow his footsteps into the navy, but the naval academy did not accept any new students between 1906 and 1913, therefore he instead joined the army. He was deployed as a junior officer in Spanish Morocco, and soon earned a good reputation, becoming a major by 1916. He served in Spain between 1917 and 1920, and then went abroad again in 1920 as the second-in-command of the Legión Extranjera; he became the commander in 1923. After bravely leading Spanish troops during the long Moroccan uprising, he became a general in 1926, the youngest in Spanish history. In 1928, he became the director of the Joint Military Academy in Zaragoza.

ww2dbaseIn 1931, the Spanish monarch fell. Initially, Franco was apolitical, but during the Spanish Civil War, he became the head of the Fascist faction on 1 Oct 1936. His careful and conservative maneuvers during the war, along with the support of his new-found allies Germany and Italy, led him to win the civil war on 1 Apr 1939 (though guerillas continued to plague his government into the 1950s).

ww2dbaseAs the new ruler of Spain, he oversaw a series of summary executions to secure his power. Many of his political opponents were also exiled out of the country. Thousands of Spanish communists were murdered during this time. His determination to eliminate leftists continued to interest Adolf Hitler, who courted Spain to join the Axis alliance. Franco and Hitler met on several occasions, but an alliance never materialized due to reservations on the part of Franco. Although Franco did not allow Spain to join the Axis, Spain continued to aid the Axis powers as the "neutral" United States had before she joined the war. Many Spaniards fought under German command during the war, though none were officially sanctioned by the Spanish government. In 1943, when the tides of war had turned in favor of the Allies, he turned a cold shoulder toward Germany so that Spain would be viewed as a true neutral nation.

ww2dbaseAfter WW2, Franco navigated Spain into a position of partnership with the western nations that feared the communist expansion. As a result, Spain grew quickly into a capitalistic power. In 1947, he pronounced Spain a monarchy to appease the monarchists, but purposely left the throne vacant; he declared himself the regent of Spain and regularly wore the uniform of a captain general, a position reserved for kings in Spanish history. He ruled Spain with absolute power, banning political opposition and enforcing a strict censorship. The people were closely watched by military police, forced to speak no language other than Spanish. In 1969, he designated Prince Juan Carlos de Borbón as his successor, who assumed title of the King of Spain after Franco's death in 1975.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia.

Francisco Franco Timeline

4 Dec 1892 Francisco Franco was born.
19 Jul 1936 General Francisco Franco flew from Tenerife, Canary Islands to Tetuan, Spanish Morocco to take over command of the Spanish Army of Africa. Meanwhile, he also appealed to Germany and Italy for volunteer fighters.
1 Oct 1936 At Burgos, Spain, Francisco Franco was publicly proclaimed as the Head of State and the Generalísimo of the military.
8 Dec 1940 Franco determined Spain was not ready to enter the war.
26 Feb 1941 Francisco Franco refused Hitler's 6 Feb 1941 request for Spain to enter the war.
17 Jul 1942 Francisco Franco made his annual Civil War anniversary speech.
20 Nov 1975 Francisco Franco passed away.

Photographs

Adolf Hitler and Francisco Franco shaking hands, Hendaye train station, France, 23 Oct 1940Adolf Hitler and Francisco Franco, Hendaye train station, France, 23 Oct 1940, photo 1 of 2Adolf Hitler and Francisco Franco, Hendaye train station, France, 23 Oct 1940, photo 2 of 2Eisenhower and Franco, Madrid, Spain, 1959




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Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Anonymous says:
8 Apr 2010 07:38:23 AM

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2. Anonymous says:
1 Jun 2010 08:03:15 PM

good web but needs more detail
3. Anonymous says:
4 Apr 2011 01:36:50 PM

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4. Joseph F says:
26 Jun 2011 08:13:02 AM

Franco was a real professional of the military career. The problem was that the Republic was kidnaped by anarchists and marxists. After a lot of kill and fire, the people of conservative parties realized that they were all in the black list. Half of the country, civil and military, decided to defend themselves after the head of the opposition Calvo was murdered at night by the police ( the personal corps of minister Prieto). Only then Franco took action in one side. This is evidence based, not opinion. After the war there were many comunists guilty of atrocities and went to court, and condemned. But Spain grew in peace, it was an authority regime but not a crazy dictature like the marxist ones. These were the real starters and criminals of terror.
5. Anonymous says:
2 Dec 2012 08:10:18 PM

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6. Anonymous says:
17 May 2013 02:19:27 PM

Was he a genocide leader?
7. Anonymous says:
24 Nov 2013 03:07:17 PM

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8. Anonymous says:
7 Oct 2014 10:10:26 AM

Please add in more detail.
9. Anonymous says:
19 Jan 2016 11:28:18 AM

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More on Francisco Franco
Event(s) Participated:
» The Spanish Civil War
» Meeting at Hendaye

Francisco Franco Photo Gallery
Adolf Hitler and Francisco Franco shaking hands, Hendaye train station, France, 23 Oct 1940
See all 4 photographs of Francisco Franco




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