Xue Yue file photo [19898]

Xue Yue

Given NameYue
Born26 Dec 1896
Died3 May 1998


ww2dbaseXue Yue was born into a peasant family in Guangdong (Canton) Province. He joined the Chinese Army in 1914, and later enrolled in the Whampoa Military Academy. He proved himself as an able officer during the Northern Expedition and the civil war against the Communist forces. After the Xi'an Incident where Chiang Kaishek was abducted and forced to reconcile with the Communists against the common enemy of Japan, Xue's relationship with the Nationalist Party was strained as word had gotten out that he had not only been in favor of abducting Chiang but also suggested that Chiang should be placed under arrest if Chiang failed to cooperate with the Communists as he had agreed to under coercion.

ww2dbaseDuring the Second Sino-Japanese War, Xue again shined as a tactician. On more than one occasion he disobeyed direct orders based on his field observations, and often turned disadvantageous situations into small victories. Chiang promoted him to the rank of a full general after seeing his successes early in the war. He led troops during the defenses at Wuhan and Changsha; both of the battles inflicted significant casualties among the Japanese ranks. American General Claire Chennault quoted Xue as "the Patton of Asia", though General Joseph Stilwell disagreed on Xue's trustworthiness, who refused to provide Xue's troops with ample ammunition. This event placed a strain between the working relationship between Stilwell and Chennault, but at the same time made Xue and Chennault personal friends. Before Chennault left China in May 1945, he and Xue became sworn brothers.

ww2dbaseAfter the end of the Second Sino-Japanese War, Xue participated in the resumed civil war with the Communists. He was placed in charge of defending Hainan, the Nationalists' last stronghold in China. His troops were defeated by Lin Biao, and Xue became the last general to reach Taiwan. Refusing a government post offered by Chiang, Xue retired from the Chinese Army. He was given 10 years of back pay with interest with a generous pension, making him a very wealthy man.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia.

Last Major Revision: Oct 2006


Sun Yatsen and Song Qingling (both seated) with Ye Ting (first on right), Xue Yue (first on left), Zhang Fakui (second on left) and other officers, 1922Portrait of Xue Yue, date unknownXue Yue studying a map with his staff officers, date unknownPortrait of Xue Yue seen in Japanese publication
See all 6 photographs of Xue Yue

Xue Yue Timeline

26 Dec 1896 Xue Yue was born in Shaoguan, Guangdong Province, China.
1 Aug 1938 Xue Yue took command of the Chinese 1st Army and was tasked with defending Wuhan, Hubei Province, China.
24 Sep 1949 Chiang Kaishek met with Yan Xishan, Yu Hanmou, Gu Zhutong, Xue Yue, and Li Jilan in Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China.
3 May 1998 Xue Yue passed away in Jiayi (Chiayi) County, Taiwan, Republic of China.

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1. Anonymous says:
22 Jan 2012 11:16:20 AM

what can you tell me about the ninth war zone in china?

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More on Xue Yue
Event(s) Participated:
» Battle of Wuhan
» First Battle of Changsha
» Second Battle of Changsha
» Third Battle of Changsha
» Operation Ichigo

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