Muñoz Grandes file photo [9401]

Agustín Muñoz Grandes

SurnameMuñoz Grandes
Given NameAgustín
Born27 Jan 1896
Died11 Jul 1970


ww2dbaseAgustín Muñoz Grandes was born in Madrid, Spain. He enrolled at the Toledo Infantry Academy, graduating in 1915. Upon graduation, he was sent to Spanish Morocco and took part in the Battle of Alhucemas. Although he was not satisfied with the government and sympathized with the Nationalist faction, his loyalty prevented him from acting against it. When the Spanish Civil began, he was detained due to his known sympathies for the Nationalists, imprisoned for months and condemned to death. Several of his former subordinates in the police helped him escape, and he joined the Nationalists. He was initially given the post of the Secretary General, but he soon resigned due to his dislike of politics. He was then given the responsibility of commanding Spanish troops near Gibraltar. He commanded the Spanish Legionnaires during the Feb 1937 Battle of Málaga. In Jun 1941, after the German invasion of Russia, many Spaniards, fiercely anti-communist, volunteered to fight under the German banner. The División Azul, or the Blue Division, was formed and sent to Germany for military training, eventually becoming the German 250th Infantry Division. Known as a fierce supporter of the Nazi German government for its effectiveness in governing the industrial and economic sphere, Muñoz Grandes was appointed the commanding officer of the 250th Infantry Division. On the Eastern Front, he continued to be known, as before in the Spanish Civil War, to be a charismatic leader. He could rarely be seen wearing his medals; to the contrary, he would often wore a yellow scarf around his neck, which became his signature appearance, against German uniform regulations. On 12 Dec 1942, he handed command over to General Emilio Esteban Infantes; he was awarded the Knight's Cross award, with Oak Leaves personally added by Adolf Hitler. In 1945, he was appointed the commanding general of I Military District. In 1950, he became the Minister of Defense. During the Cold War, he was a firm supporter of cooperating with the United States in the fight against communism. Between 1962 and 1967, he was the first Vice President of the Government of Spain.

ww2dbaseSources: Blue Division Soldier 1941-45, Wikipedia.

Last Major Revision: Jan 2010

Agustín Muñoz Grandes Timeline

27 Jan 1896 Agustín Muñoz Grandes was born.
11 Jul 1970 Agustín Muñoz Grandes passed away.


Spanish General Agustín Muñoz Grandes being inducted into German Army service, Grafenwöhr, Germany, 31 Jul 1941Spanish General Agustín Muñoz Grandes receiving the Iron Cross 1st Class award, circa late 1941Spanish General Agustín Muñoz Grandes receiving an award, circa 1941-1942Spanish General Agustín Muñoz Grandes with Adolf Hitler, circa Mar 1942

Did you enjoy this article or find this article helpful? If so, please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 per month will go a long way! Thank you.

Share this article with your friends:


Stay updated with WW2DB:

 RSS Feeds

Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Anonymous says:
14 Jul 2017 11:33:03 AM

Did he ever question the Nazi conduct in Russia?
If not he's just another fascist who sold himself to th highest bidder.

All visitor submitted comments are opinions of those making the submissions and do not reflect views of WW2DB.

Posting Your Comments on this Topic

Your Name
Your Email
 Your email will not be published
Comment Type
Your Comments
Security Code



1. We hope that visitor conversations at WW2DB will be constructive and thought-provoking. Please refrain from using strong language. HTML tags are not allowed. Your IP address will be tracked even if you remain anonymous. WW2DB site administrators reserve the right to moderate, censor, and/or remove any comment. All comment submissions will become the property of WW2DB.

2. For inquiries about military records for members of the World War II armed forces, please see our FAQ.

Search WW2DB & Partner Sites
More on Agustín Muñoz Grandes
Event(s) Participated:
» The Spanish Civil War
» Siege of Leningrad

Related Books:
» Blue Division Soldier 1941-45

Agustín Muñoz Grandes Photo Gallery
Spanish General Agustín Muñoz Grandes being inducted into German Army service, Grafenwöhr, Germany, 31 Jul 1941
See all 4 photographs of Agustín Muñoz Grandes

Famous WW2 Quote
"Goddam it, you'll never get the Purple Heart hiding in a foxhole! Follow me!"

Captain Henry P. Jim Crowe, Guadalcanal, 13 Jan 1943

Support Us

Please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 a month will go a long way. Thank you!

Or, please support us by purchasing some WW2DB merchandise at TeeSpring, Thank you!