|Born||7 Sep 1924|
|Died||17 Dec 2012|
|Country||Hawaii, United States|
Contributor: C. Peter Chen
ww2dbaseDaniel Ken Inouye was born in Honolulu, US Territory of Hawaii to Japanese-Americans Hyotaro and Kame (nÃ©e Imanaga) Inouye. He grew up in the Bingham Tract neighborhood and attended President William McKinley High School. During the Japanese raid on Pearl Harbor, he volunteered as a medical worker to treat the wounded. In 1943, when the US government allowed Japanese-Americans to participate in military service, he put his premedical studies at University of Hawaii on hold and enlisted in the US Army. As a platoon leader of 442nd Regimental Combat Team, which was consisted entirely of nisei ("second generation") Japanese-Americans, he saw action in Italy in 1944 and 1945 and later received a field promotion to the rank of second lieutenant. On 21 Apr 1945, at the Colle Musatello ridge near San Terenzo in the Toscana region of Italy, his platoon was pinned down by three German machine gun positions. Despite a bullet wound in the stomach, he destroyed the first position and led his men to destroy the second position before collapsing from blood loss. When he learned that his men had distracted the third machine gun crew, Inouye crawled toward the position to throw a grenade into it. In the process, he was shot in the right elbow with a rifle-fired grenade, severing his arm. Again ignore his own injuries, he jumped toward his severed arm, retrieved the primed grenade from the still-closed hand, threw the grenade into the third machine gun position, fired several rounds into the position from his Thompson submachine gun, and was stopped after being wounded again, this time in the leg. He survived these injuries and was discharged from the US Army in 1947 at the rank of captain. He received the Purple Heart, Bronze Star, and Distinguished Service Cross medals for his WW2 service.
ww2dbaseWith only one arm, Inouye abandoned his plans to become a surgeon, and instead graduated University of Hawaii at Manoa in 1950 with a degree in political science. In 1953, he earned a law degree from The George Washington University Law School in Washington DC, United States. Later in 1953, he was elected to the Hawaii territorial House of Representatives. In 1957, he was elected to the Hawaii territorial senate. When the Territory of Hawaii became a state in the United States, he entered the House of Representatives of the US Congress. In 1962, he was elected to the Senate of the US Congress; he would be re-elected eight times to this position. As a senator, he was involved in the Senate Watergate Committee and chaired the Committee on Indian Affairs domestically, and was vocal in the Iran-Contra episode and was a stern supporter of the Republic of China at Taiwan in international politics. In 2000, US President Bill Clinton upgraded his Distinguished Service Cross medal to a Medal of Honor, the highest honor bestowed upon an American military serviceman. In 2009, he became the chair to the Senate Committee on Appropriations, followed by becoming President pro tempore of the US Senate in 2010. In 2010, he was awarded the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun by the Emperor of Japan; in the following year, he would again receive a Japanese award, the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Paulownia Flowers. He also received high honors from the Philippines. He passed away from respiratory problems at the Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington DC, United States in Dec 2012. US President Barack Obama, Vice President Joe Biden, Speaker of the House of Representatives John Boehner, and former President Bill Clinton spoke at his funeral service at the Washington National Cathedral. He was buried at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific in Honolulu, Hawaii, United States.
Last Major Revision: Jun 2013
Daniel Inouye Interactive Map
Daniel Inouye Timeline
|7 Sep 1924Â||Daniel Inouye was born in Honolulu, US Territory of Hawaii.|
|21 Apr 1945Â||Daniel Inouye led his platoon in destroying three German machine gun positions on the Gothic Line near San Terenzo, Italy, suffering a bullet wound in the stomach, a severed arm, and a bullet wound in the leg in the process.|
|27 May 1947Â||Daniel Inouye was honorably discharged from the US Army at the rank of captain.|
|21 Aug 1959Â||Daniel Inouye became a representative in the United States Congress for the state of Hawaii.|
|3 Jan 1963Â||Daniel Inouye became a senator in the United States Congress for the state of Hawaii, vacating his post with the House of Representatives of the Congress.|
|21 Jun 2000Â||Daniel Inouye's Distinguished Service Cross medal was upgraded to a Medal of Honor, which was presented to him by US President Bill Clinton.|
|13 Mar 2006Â||Daniel Inouye's wife Margaret Awamura Inouye passed away from cancer.|
|14 Aug 2006Â||Daniel Inouye was awarded the Grand Cross of the Order of Lakandula of Philippines.|
|24 May 2008Â||Daniel Inouye married Irene Hirano in Beverly Hills, California, United States.|
|28 Jun 2010Â||Daniel Inouye was named the President pro tempore of the United States Senate.|
|6 Dec 2012Â||Daniel Inouye was admitted into the George Washington University Hospital in Washington DC, United States.|
|10 Dec 2012Â||Daniel Inouye was transferred from the George Washington University Hospital in Washington DC, United States to nearby Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington DC, United States.|
|17 Dec 2012Â||Daniel Inouye passed away from respiratory problems at the Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington DC, United States.|
|20 Dec 2012Â||Daniel Inouye's body lay in state at the United States Capitol rotunda in Washington DC, United States for public mourning.|
|21 Dec 2012Â||Daniel Inouye's funeral service was held at the Washington National Cathedral in Washington DC, United States; US President Barack Obama, Vice President Joe Biden, congressman John Boehner, and former President Bill Clinton spoke at the funeral.|
|22 Dec 2012Â||Daniel Inouye's body lay in state at the Hawaii State Capitol in Honolulu, Hawaii, United States for public mourning.|
|23 Dec 2012Â||Daniel Inouye's second funeral service was held at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific in Honolulu, Hawaii, United States.|
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