Yamashiro file photo [1942]

Yamashiro

CountryJapan
Ship ClassFuso-class Battleship
BuilderYokosuka Naval Arsenal
Laid Down20 Nov 1913
Launched3 Nov 1915
Commissioned31 Mar 1917
Sunk25 Oct 1944
Displacement34700 tons standard; 39154 tons full
Length698 feet
Beam100 feet
Draft32 feet
Machinery6 Kampon boilers, Kampon turbines, 4 shafts
Power Output75000 SHP
Speed25 knots
Crew1800
Armament2x3x356mm guns, 2x2x356mm guns, 4x2x127mm Type 89 dual purpose guns, 17x1x25mm AA guns, 16x2x25mm AA guns, 8x3x25mm AA guns, 16x13.2mm machine guns

Contributor:

ww2dbaseYamashiro was the second of two Fuso-class battleships, but was the first Japanese battleship equipped with aircraft catapults. Between Dec 1930 and Mar 1935, she undergone a modernization that replaced her boilers, added aircraft handling facilities, and added better armor protection, particularly against torpedo attacks. After this modernization, her appearance became rather different than her sister ship Fuso: the pagoda-style tower was larger after being extended further aft, which required that the stowed position of Turret 3 in the aft position, as opposed to forward as on Fuso. Between 15 Nov 1934 and 15 Nov 1935, she was under the command of Captain Chuichi Nagumo, of later carrier warfare fame.

ww2dbaseDuring the first few months of the Pacific War, Yamashiro remained largely in Japan, often at the Combined Fleet's anchorage at Hashirajima in Hiroshima Bay. Between 15 Sep 1939 and 1 Sep 1942, she was commanded by Captains Aritomo Goto, Teizo Hara, Masaki Ogata, and Chozaemon Obata. On 29 May 1942, she sailed with the fleet that provided distant cover, and saw no action. In Aug 1942, after the great losses at the Battle of Midway, the Fuso-class was considered candidates to be converted as battleship-carrier hybrids, with construction scheduled to start in Jun 1943, but the plan was eventually abandoned. Between Sep 1942 and Mar 1943, she was under the command of Captain Noboru Owada, followed by Captain Mikio Hayakawa until 2 Aug 1943. In Jul 1943, she was fitted with a Type 21 radar. In Sep, she was designated as a midshipmen training ship. In Jul 1944, she received 66 25-mm anti-aircraft guns, 16 13.2-mm machine guns, 2 Type 13 radars, and 2 Type 22 radars. Between 2 Aug and 25 Dec, she was under the command of Captain Soijiro Hisamune. The following commanding officer, Captain Yoshioki Tawara, died of natural causes on 5 May 1944; Captain Katsukiyo Shinoda took command on the following day.

ww2dbaseIn Oct 1944, Yamashiro sailed as the flagship of Admiral Shoji Nishimura's Southern Force which engaged in the Battle of Surigao Strait. At 0321 on 25 Oct, she was hit by a torpedo on her port quarter, which forced two magazines to be flooded to prevent an explosion, which led to the disabling of two main gun turrets. At 0331, another torpedo hit hit amidships and forced the ship to slow to the speed of 5 knots; she was eventually able to get back to 15 knots. When she entered the strait, she became the focus of concentrated battleship and cruiser gunfire. She was hit many times by shells, and was able to damage a destroyer with her return fire. She attempted to flee the scene of battle as American gunfire slowed, but was caught by a destroyer and was hit by two torpedoes by 0409. She sank at 0419. Shinoda was killed in action, and only three men were rescued.

ww2dbaseSources: Imperial Japanese Navy Battleships 1941-45, Wikipedia.

Battleship Yamashiro Interactive Map

Yamashiro Operational Timeline

31 Mar 1917 Yamashiro was commissioned into service.
15 Nov 1934 Captain Chuichi Nagumo was named the commanding officer of the battleship Yamashiro.

Photographs

Yamashiro under construction in the No. 2 dock at Yokosuka, Japan, 20 Oct 1915Yamashiro running trials off Tateyama, Japan, 19 Dec 1916YamashiroYamashiro moored off Yokosuka, Japan, 4 Jul 1917
See all 16 photographs of Battleship Yamashiro



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Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Naval Petty Officer says:
30 Jun 2009 04:28:10 PM

I would like to add that the wreck of the BB Yamashiro has been found and several profesional divers have dived to her decks. Supposidly the waters around her are extremly dangerous and un predictable. Im not sure ether but a part of BB Fuso may have been discovered.
2. Anonymous says:
23 Jun 2011 09:27:33 PM

i am a yamashiro and in relation to capitan H. Yamashiro i love just being a little conceded and seeing my family name which means mountain as one of the top 40 best battle ships of all time
3. Anonymous says:
24 Nov 2011 01:27:25 AM

The IJN Yamashiro (pretty sure its not Fuso) has been found by side scan sonar at about 200 meters depth. The diver who claimed to have dived it has pretty much been unmasked as a fraud. Don't believe everything you hear about shipwrecks.
4. Anonymous says:
28 Oct 2013 07:49:33 PM

My dad, who is now 92, was a lieutenant on the USS Albert W. Grant, the destroyer which pressed the attack on the Yamshiro to ranges of within 1700 yards, the only U.S. ship to fire all 10 of her torpedos. The Grant was heavily damaged by Japanese and friendly fire, but she survived. The Yamashiro did not.

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Search WW2DB & Partner Sites
More on Yamashiro
Personnel:
» Hironobu
» Daigo, Tadashige
» Goto, Aritomo
» Kusaka, Jinichi
» Kusaka, Ryunosuke
» Nagumo, Chuichi
» Nishimura, Shoji
» Ota, Minoru

Event(s) Participated:
» Battle of Midway and the Aleutian Islands
» Philippines Campaign, Phase 1, the Leyte Campaign

Related Books:
» Imperial Japanese Navy Battleships 1941-45

Partner Sites Content:
» Yamashiro Tabular Record of Movement
Battleship Yamashiro Photo Gallery
Yamashiro under construction in the No. 2 dock at Yokosuka, Japan, 20 Oct 1915
See all 16 photographs of Battleship Yamashiro




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