|Ship Class||New Orleans-class Heavy Cruiser|
|Builder||Philadelphia Navy Yard|
|Laid Down||27 Jun 1931|
|Launched||6 Sep 1933|
|Commissioned||19 May 1934|
|Decommissioned||10 Feb 1947|
|Displacement||9,950 tons standard|
|Armament||9x8in guns, 8x5in guns, 8x0.50cal guns|
Contributor: C. Peter Chen
ww2dbaseUSS Minneapolis held her shakedown cruise in European waters between Jul and Sep 1934. On 4 Apr 1935, she departed from the Philadelphia Navy Yard in Pennsylvania, United States for San Diego, California, United States via the Panama Canal. Upon arrival on 18 Apr, she joined the Scouting Force of United States Navy Cruiser Division 7. In early 1939, she cruised in the Caribbean Sea, ending that tour at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii in 1940.
ww2dbaseWhen Pearl Harbor was attacked by Japanese aircraft on 7 Dec 1941, Minneapolis was performing gunnery exercise about 20 miles away. She patrolled the waters around Hawaii until late Jan 1942, and then joined the screening force for carrier Lexington as Lexington's aircraft struck Japanese positions in the Gilbert and Marshall Islands in Feb and disrupted Japanese shipping in Central and South Pacific in Mar 1942. In this role, she shot down three G4M bombers on 1 Feb. Between 4 and 8 May, she escorted Lexington during the Battle of the Coral Sea; Minneapolis shot down three Japanese aircraft during the battle and rescued Lexington's survivors when the carrier was lost. Between 3 and 6 Jun 1942, she participated in the Battle of Midway, and then underwent repairs at Pearl Harbor. Between 7 and 9 Aug, she escorted carriers during the landings at Tulagi and Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands. On 30 Aug, she towed the torpedo-damaged carrier Saratoga out of the front lines. Between Sep and Oct, she remained in the Guadalcanal region in support of operations.
ww2dbaseOn 29 Nov 1942, as the flagship of Rear Admiral Carleton Wright's Task Force 67, USS Minneapolis sailed to intercept a Japanese force attempting to reinforce Guadalcanal, and was engaged in the Battle of Tassafaronga. At 2306, the first Japanese destroyer was detected, but Wright delayed the order to launch torpedoes until 2320 because he thought the range was still too far at 2306. At 2320 hours, 20 torpedoes were launched by destroyers, followed by cruiser and destroyer gunfire. Japanese destroyers charged forward at 24 knots and used American gunfire flashes as target to launch their torpedoes. At 2327 hours, two torpedoes struck Minneapolis at the port bow and at number two fireroom, disabling her. Behind her, USS New Orleans turned hard to avoid a collision with Minneapolis, only to run into another torpedo, which sheered off her bow. Damage control teams of both cruisers would be successful in keeping them afloat so they could receive repairs at Tulagi. Minneapolis was out of commission for months as she received extensive repairs at Mare Island Naval Shipyard in California.
ww2dbaseUSS Minneapolis returned to the Pacific War in Aug 1943. She bombarded Wake Island on 5 Oct. In Nov and Dec, she screened a carrier group during the Gilbert and Marshall Islands Campaigns. As the carriers attacked Palau, Truk, Satawan, Ponape, and other islands across the Pacific Ocean, Minneapolis followed, providing anti-aircraft protection. On 14 Jun 1944, her guns fired on Japanese targets on Saipan in the Mariana Islands ahead of the amphibious invasion. Between 19 and 20 Jun, during the Battle of the Philippine Sea where Japanese air power was seriously damaged, she again provided anti-aircraft support for carriers. Between 8 and 9 Aug, she bombarded Guam, Mariana Islands. Between 6 Sep and 14 Oct, she provided naval gunfire support for the ground operations in the Palau Islands. On 17 Oct, she entered Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands during the invasion, and shot down five Japanese aircraft and participated in the Battle of Surigao Strait on 25 Oct. Between 4 and 18 Feb 1945, screened carriers as well as provided gunfire support for the operations at Lingayen Gulf, Bataan, and Corregidor at Luzon, Philippine Islands. On 25 Mar, she bombarded Kerama Retto off Okinawa, Japan in preparation for the invasion of that island at the start of the Okinawa Campaign. On 1 Apr, she bombarded the Japanese airfield and other targets near Naha, Okinawa. On 12 Apr, off Okinawa, she shot down four suicide planes launched during Operation Kikusui. In the evening of 12 Apr, with badly worn gun barrels, she sailed for the Bremerton Navy Yard in Washington, United States for repairs. She returned to the Pacific War near the end.
ww2dbaseOn 9 Sep 1945, USS Minneapolis was Admiral Thomas Kinkaid's flagship as the admiral accepted the surrender of Japanese forces in Korea. Minneapolis then covered the United States Marines landing at the forts of Dagu (Wade-Giles romanization: Taku) in Tianjin, China and Qinhuangdao (Postal Map romanization: Chinwangtao), Hebi Province, China. In late 1945, she brought troops back to the United States, and was placed in reserve on 21 May 1946 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She was decommissioned in the following year. She was sold for scrapping on 14 Aug 1959 to Union Metals and Alloys Corporation. She was broken up in Jul 1960 at Chester, Pennsylvania.
Last Major Revision: Nov 2008
Heavy Cruiser Minneapolis Interactive Map
Minneapolis Operational Timeline
|19 May 1934ย||Minneapolis was commissioned into service.|
|28 May 1942ย||USS Enterprise and Task Force 16 departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for Midway Atoll.|
|30 Nov 1942ย||Near Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, US cruisers ambushed a night time fast destroyer convoy led personally by Rear Admiral Raizo Tanaka. Tanaka's quick thinking led to a Japanese victory in the Battle of Tassafaronga. Cruisers USS Northampton, USS Pensacola, USS Minneapolis, and USS New Orleans (New Orleans-class) were badly damaged by torpedoes. Cruiser USS Northampton was sunk by Type 93 torpedoes launched by Japanese destroyer Oyashio.|
|15 Feb 1943ย||Battleship USS Mississippi, cruiser USS Minneapolis, and destroyers USS Shaw and McKean departed Suva, Fiji bound for Pago Pago, Samoa.|
|18 Feb 1943ย||Battleship USS Mississippi, cruiser USS Minneapolis, and destroyers USS Shaw and McKean arrived at Pago Pago, Samoa.|
|19 Feb 1943ย||Battleship USS Mississippi, cruiser USS Minneapolis, and destroyers USS Shaw, Boggs, and McKean departed Pago Pago, Samoa bound for Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.|
|2 Mar 1943ย||Battleship USS Mississippi, cruiser USS Minneapolis, and destroyers USS Shaw, Boggs, and McKean arrived at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.|
|19 Feb 1944ย||Armed merchant cruiser Akagi Maru, cruiser Katori, destroyer Maikaze, destroyer Nowaki, and minesweeping trawler Shonan Maru No. 15 departed Truk, Caroline Islands at 0430 hours for Yokosuka, Japan. After 0500 hours, Truk came under attack by many US carrier aircraft. A number of aircraft spotted the group and attacked, sinking Akagi Maru and damaging Katori and Maikaze; at least one US F6F fighter was shot down during the attack on this group. Battleship New Jersey, battleship Iowa, cruiser Minneapolos, cruiser New Orleans, destroyer Bradford, and destroyer Burns then approached at about 1300 hours about 64 kilometers (40 miles) northwest of Truk. Maikaze fired a spread of torpedoes, which missed the two battleships. Gunfire from Minneapolis and New Orleans started a fire on Maikaze, causing an explosion, and leading to her sinking at 1343 hours; all aboard were lost. Then, New Jersey sank Shonan Maru No. 15 with her port side 5-inch battery. Next, Iowa opened fire on Katori, straddling Katori with the first salvo. Katori fired torpedoes, but all of them missed. Iowa's gunfire eventually overwhelmed and sank Katori; Captain Tamekiyo Oda was among those killed. Nowaki alone escaped the attack.|
|10 Feb 1947ย||Minneapolis was decommissioned from service.|
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ยปย Battle of Coral Sea
ยปย Battle of Midway and the Aleutian Islands
ยปย Guadalcanal Campaign
ยปย Gilbert Islands Campaign
ยปย Marshall Islands Campaign
ยปย Mariana Islands Campaign and the Great Turkey Shoot
ยปย Philippines Campaign, Phase 1, the Leyte Campaign
ยปย Philippines Campaign, Phase 2
ยปย US Navy Report of Japanese Raid on Pearl Harbor, Enclosure E, USS Minneapolis
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Chiang Kaishek, 31 Jul 1937
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