|Ship Class||Nagara-class Light Cruiser|
|Builder||Sasebo Naval Arsenal|
|Laid Down||21 May 1921|
|Launched||15 Feb 1922|
|Commissioned||1 Mar 1923|
|Sunk||25 Oct 1942|
|Displacement||5,659 tons standard|
|Machinery||4 shaft Gihon geared turbines, 12 Kampon boilers|
|Power Output||90,000 shaft horsepower|
|Range||6,000nm at 14 knots|
|Armament||7x14cm/50 guns, 2x8cm/40 guns, 4x2x533mm torpedo tubes, 48 mines|
|Armor||60mm belt, 30mm deck|
Contributor: C. Peter Chen
ww2dbaseYura, a 5570-ton Nagara class light cruiser, was built at Sasebo, Japan. Commissioned March 1923, she served with cruiser squadrons and as a submarine squadron flagship during the years leading up to World War II, operating in Japanese home waters and frequently off China. In 1930 Yura served as a test platform for aircraft catapults installed in front of her bridge and, in 1933-34 received a rotating catapult amidships as well as a new mainmast to support an aircraft derrick. She took part in combat with the Chinese at Shanghai in the first part of 1932 and again during 1937-39 as Sino-Japanese hostilities burst into full-scale war.
ww2dbaseIn 1940, Yura and her subordinate submarines moved into the central Pacific as Japan extended her preparations against an increasingly possible war with the United States. The next year, they went to the South China area, from which they supported landings in Malaya, Borneo and Sarawak after the Pacific War began in December 1941. During the first four months of 1942, she operated off Indo-China, participated in anti-shipping operations off Singapore and in the Indian Ocean and supported the invasions of Java and Samatra. Yura, serving as a destroyer squadron flagship, helped screen the Midway Occupation Force during the Battle of Midway in early June.
ww2dbaseTwo months later, after Allied forces landed in the southern Solomon Islands to began the long and difficult Guadalcanal Campaign, Yura was sent to Truk to support the Japanese counterattack. She took part in the Battle of the Eastern Solomons on 24 August 1942 and was slightly damaged by U.S. B-17 bombers off Shortland Island on 25 September. When the Japanese prepared a major effort to retake Guadalcanal in mid-October, she covered reinforcement operations. On the 25th of that month, Yura was leading a group of destroyers toward Guadalcanal as an "attack unit" when she was hit by SBD bombers and seriously damaged. Her speed greatly reduced, she retreated for several hours and was then hit again and stopped. After her crew had been taken off, Yura was scuttled by her consorts' torpedos and gunfire.
ww2dbaseSource: Naval Historical Center
Last Major Revision: Jan 2005
Light Cruiser Yura Interactive Map
Yura Operational Timeline
|1 Mar 1923||Yura was commissioned into service.|
|4 Mar 1942||USS S-39 (SS-144; Lieutenant J. W. Coe) fired four Mark 10 torpedoes at Japanese fleet oiler Erimo south of Belitung Island in western Java Sea, scoring three hits. Erimo's commanding officer, Captain Soma, beached Erimo to prevent sinking. The light cruiser Yura rescued survivors, but four crewmen were lost. Erimo was abandoned as a constructive total loss.|
|1 Apr 1942||Vice Admiral Jisaburo Ozawa's Malaya Force, Second Expeditionary Fleet, departs Mergui, Burma and steams into the Bay of Bengal in the Indian Ocean Raids to attack merchant shipping. The force includes light carrier Ryujo and cruisers Chokai, Suzuya, Kumano, Mikuma, Mogami, and Yura.|
|5 Apr 1942||Following Admiral Jisaburo Ozawaâ€™s forceâ€™s attack on the British naval base at Colombo, Ceylon, the force is split creating a Northern Group commanded by Rear Admiral Takeo Kurita consisting of cruisers Kumano and Suzuya; the Center Group consisting of the carrier Ryujo and cruisers Chokai and Yura under Ozawa; and the Southern Group comprised of cruisers Mogami, and Mikuma under Captain Shakao Sakiyama for the purposes of smaller raids against merchant shipping.|
|11 Apr 1942||Ozawa's Force arrived at Singapore to conclude a successful sortie into the Indian Ocean.|
|12 Oct 1942||Yugure and Yura escorted Nisshin and Chitose after Battle of Cape Esperance off Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands.|
|25 Oct 1942||American SBD aircraft seriously damaged Japanese light cruiser Yura.|
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