|Ship Class||Admiral-class Battlecruiser|
|Builder||John Brown & Company, Scotland, United Kingdom|
|Laid Down||1 Sep 1916|
|Launched||22 Aug 1918|
|Commissioned||15 May 1920|
|Sunk||24 May 1941|
|Displacement||48,350 tons standard|
|Machinery||24 Yarrow water-tube boilers, Brown-Curtis geared steam turbines, four shafts|
|Power Output||144,000 SHP|
|Range||5,332nm at 20 knots|
|Armament||4x2x15in/381mm guns, 7x2x102mm QF 4in Mk XVI AA guns, 3x8x40mm QF 2-pdr AA guns, 5x4x12.7mm Vickers machine guns, 4x533mm torpedo tubes, 5 projectile mounts|
|Armor||152-305mm belt, 19-76mm deck, 127-305mm barbettes, 279-381mm turrets, 229-279mm conning tower, 102-127mm bulkheads|
|Aircraft||1 (1931-1932 only)|
Contributor: C. Peter Chen
ww2dbaseHMS Hood, a 42,100-ton battlecruiser built at Clydebank, Scotland, was completed in March 1920. For more than two decades, she was the World's largest warship and, with her long, low hull and finely balanced silhouette, was to many the embodiment of "big-gun" era seapower. During her travels in European waters and far away, Hood actively represented Great Britain throughout her career. Her first cruise, in 1920, was to Scandanavia. The next year she went down to Gibraltar and Spain and in 1922 visited Brazil and the West Indies. After a brief call on Denmark and Norway in 1923, Hood was flagship on a eleven-month cruise around the World, accompanied by the smaller battlecruiser Repulse and a number of light cruisers. In 1925, she called on Lisbon to help commemorate Portugal's contributions to navigation and exploration.
ww2dbaseFor ten years after 1925, Hood was assigned to the Royal Navy's Home and Atlantic Fleets, operating primarily around Europe, with a visit to the West Indies in 1932. She served with the Mediterranean Fleet in 1936-39, protecting British interests during the Spanish Civil War. Back with the Home Fleet after mid-1939, Hood operated in the North Atlantic and North Sea through the first part of World War II and received minor damage in a German air attack on 26 September 1939, an event that demonstrated the relative ineffectiveness of contemporary anti-aircraft gunfire. In June and July 1940, the battlecruiser was in the Mediterranean area. She was flagship during the 3 July Mers-el-Kebir battle, the most dramatic and destructive of several incidents in which the British Navy seized, interned, destroyed or attempted to destroy the warships of their recent ally, France. These acts were undertaken on Government orders to allay fears that the French Navy might fall into German hands.
ww2dbaseHood spent the remainder of her service operating from Scapa Flow, covering the North Sea and Atlantic from the threat of German surface raiders. She was now elderly, overloaded, and burdened with an inadequate armoring arrangement. However, her great operational value had acted through the 1930s to prevent the Royal Navy from taking her out of service for a badly-needed modernization, and now it was too late. In May 1941, in company with the new battleship Prince of Wales, she was sent out to search for the German battleship Bismarck, which had left Norway for the Atlantic. On the morning of 24 May, the two British capital ships found the enemy to the west of Iceland. In the resulting Battle of the Denmark Strait, one or more of Bismarck's fifteen-inch shells got into Hood's after magazines. They erupted in a massive explosion. The great ship sank in moments with all but three of her large crew, an event that shocked the Royal Navy, the British nation and the entire World. HMS Hood's remains were located and photographed by a British deep sea expedition in July 2001.
ww2dbaseSource: Naval Historical Center
Last Major Revision: Jan 2005
Battlecruiser Hood Interactive Map
Hood Operational Timeline
|1 Sep 1916Â||The keel of British battlecruiser Hood was laid down.|
|22 Aug 1918Â||British battlecruiser Hood was launched.|
|15 May 1920Â||Battlecruiser HMS Hood was commissioned with Captain W. Tomkinson in command.|
|12 Jun 1940Â||HMS Cumberland was joined by HM Cruiser Devonshire until 14 Jun 1940 when Devonshire was replaced by ships from Home Fleet including HM Battleship Hood and HM Aircraft Carrier Argus.|
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