|Ship Class||Vittorio Veneto-class Battleship|
|Builder||CRDA, Trieste, Italy|
|Laid Down||18 Sep 1938|
|Launched||9 Jun 1940|
|Commissioned||14 Jun 1942|
|Sunk||9 Sep 1943|
|Displacement||41,377 tons standard; 45,752 tons full|
|Machinery||8 x Yarrow boilers, 4 x Belluzzo steam turbines|
|Power Output||134,000 shaft horsepower|
|Range||4500nm at 18kts|
|Armament||3x3 381/50 mm, 4x3 155/55 mm, 12x 90/50 mm anti-aircraft, 20x 37/50 mm, 30x 20/65 mm|
|Armor||13.8in at belt and barbettes, 8.1in on deck|
|Aircraft||2 Reggiane Re2000 on 1 catapult|
Contributor: C. Peter Chen
ww2dbaseRoma was commissioned into the Italian Navy in mid-1942, but by then Italy was already showing signs of a fuel shortage, thus this powerful warship remained in port often. As according to the secret Short Military Armistice signed on 3 Sep 1943 between General Dwight Eisenhower and Marshal Pietro Badoglio, the Italian fleet was to surrender to the Allies. After Italy announced her surrender in the evening of 9 Sep, an Italian fleet centered around battleships Roma (flagship of Admiral Carlo Bergamini), Vittorio Veneto, and Italia left La Maddalena. At 0800 next morning, the fleet was spotted by German reconnaissance, and Admiral Meendsen Bohlken reported to Berlin that "[t]he Italian fleet has departed during the night to surrender itself to the enemy". Berlin's response was clear in retrospect; the Italian fleet was to be destroyed to deprive the Allies of usage of those ships. At 1400, while in Gulf of Asinara near Sardinia, German aircraft began appearing and dropped some bombs, though all missed. At 1530, fifteen Do 217 attack aircraft began their attack with the new type FX-1400 "Fritz X" rocket-propelled and guided bombs. At 1545, Roma was hit on the port side, amidships between 90mm AA gun mounts, piercing deck and side; the first hit reduced her speed to 10 knots. Five minutes later, she was struck by a second FX-1400 bomb between turret #2 and conning tower, causing a fire that exploded the main magazine, killing many men including Bergamini his staff. At 1612, she turned upside down, broke into two pieces, and sank. 1,350 officers and sailors were lost in the inferno.
ww2dbaseSource: Regia Marina Italiana.
Last Major Revision: Sep 2006
Battleship Roma Interactive Map
Roma Operational Timeline
|14 Jun 1942||Roma was commissioned into service.|
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