Jagdpanzer 38(t) file photo [8637]

Jagdpanzer 38(t)

CountryCzechoslovakia
ManufacturerCeskomoravská Kolben-Danek
Primary RoleTank Destroyer

Contributor:

ww2dbaseThe Jagdpanzer 38(t) tank destroyers of the German Army had the designation number of SdKfz. 138/2). They were built based upon a modified pre-WW2 Czechoslovakian tank chassis. They were later unofficially nicknamed "Hetzer", which was the name of a related prototype, applied to this model by mistake, but it became common for German troops to refer to these tank destroyers as Hetzer.

ww2dbaseJagdpanzer 38(t) tank destroyers were well-armored and carried guns with ample power, but the most valuable attribute was the relative inexpensive price tag. They succeeded the Marder III design from Apr 1944. They were generally well-liked by their crews largely due to their mechanical reliability, but since they guns were loaded from the right side, and they were mounted on the right side of the vehicle, loading became difficult, leading to a slower rate of fire.

ww2dbaseProduction lasted until the end of the war. A total of about 2,584 examples were built. After the war, Czechoslovakia continued to build the type and exported 158 vehicles to Switzerland, increasing total production number since 1944 by about 250.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia.

Last Major Revision: Oct 2009

SPECIFICATIONS

Jagdpanzer 38(t)
MachineryOne 7.8-liter gasoline engine rated at 160hp
SuspensionLeaf spring
Armament1x7.5cm PaK 39 L/48 gun (41 rounds), 1x7.92mm MG34 machine gun
Armor8-60mm
Crew4
Length6.38 m
Width2.63 m
Height2.17 m
Weight15.8 t
Speed42 km/h
Range177 km

Photographs

Jagdpanzer 38(t) tank destroyer in Hungary, circa 1944, photo 1 of 3Jagdpanzer 38(t) tank destroyer in Hungary, circa 1944, photo 2 of 3Jagdpanzer 38(t) tank destroyer in Hungary, circa 1944, photo 3 of 3Polish barricade at Napoleon Square, Warsaw, Poland, 3 Aug 1944, photo 1 of 4; note captured Jagdpanzer 38(t) tank destroyer as part of barricade
See all 9 photographs of Jagdpanzer 38(t) Tank Destroyer



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Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
22 Oct 2009 06:29:21 PM

The Jagdpanzer 38(t) Tank Destroyer (Hetzer) was based on the Czech Praga-s LT 38 light tank. The Germans adopted the vehicle for its own use. The Army Ordnance Dept. awarded contracts for the development of a tank destroyer, based on the Panzer 38(t) The first vehicles were delivered in May 1944 the Hetzer was one of the best tank destroyers of the war. The German Army still had 627 in operation by April 1945. During the last month of the war, 121 Hetzers were delivered. Total production was 1,500. After World War II, Skoda continued building Hetzers for the Czech Army, Switzerland bought 158 which remained in service until 1970.
2. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
28 Oct 2009 09:14:14 AM

You can see a Hetzer on display at the Aberdeen Proving Grounds, Maryland U.S.A.
3. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
29 Oct 2009 06:19:45 PM

The Germans used the Panzer 38(t) chassis for different battlefield roles. One of the best known was the light tank destroyer called the Hetzer (Hunting Dog) Panzerjaeger 38(t)or Jagdpanzer (Jgd.Pz)- Hunting Tank/ Destroyer. Different versions,built on the Czech LT 38/ Panzer 38(t)chassis used by Germany: Panzer 38(t) Ausf. E, Medium Tank Bison Ausf. H Mounting the SIG 33 5.9 inch Infantry Heavy Field Cannon. Marder I,II,and III Tank Destroyers Armament 3 inch Pak 40 or other Anti-Tank Weapons.
4. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
5 Nov 2009 09:18:25 PM

The E-25 and E-10 were Entwicklungsfahrzeug or Development Vehicle designed to replace the Hetzer, Jagdpanzer. Im not sure if any prototype vehicles were built. Both vehicles did share many of the same design features Design work started in 1942, work developed to test Engines, Suspensions, Chassis and Transmissions. Both were low profile the suspension could be lowered or raised,like the Swedish S-Tank design of the late 1960's and 70's. The E-25 would have been armed with the 7.5 cm Pak L/70, and the E-10 the 7.5cm Pak 39 L/48. Drawings for the vehicles were completed in 1944 However, the design was not put into production before the war ended in 1945. Three hulls were made at Berlin-Spandau and were not finished vehicles when the Russians arrived. It's possible the Russians took all design data, along with the hulls back to the U.S.S.R. for further inspection.
5. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
3 Apr 2011 10:13:38 AM

Another variant of the 38(t) was the Bison PzKpfw 15cm sIG 33(SF) self-propelled gun that mounted the 15cm L/12 gun, secondary armament was the 7.92mm MG34 plus the crews personal weapons. Development started in late 1942 38(t)s that returned to the factory for re-work, were converted into self-propelled guns. 372 vehicles were built, and served in Russia Tunisia, Italy and France. Vehicles were sent to heavy infantry companies and panzer grenadier regiments. By February 1945 about 173 were still in service

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Jagdpanzer 38(t) tank destroyer in Hungary, circa 1944, photo 1 of 3
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