T-18 file photo [13701]


ManufacturerLeningrad Obukhov Factory, Leningrad, Russia
Primary RoleLight Tank


ww2dbaseIn 1925, Professor V. Zaslavsky developed a new prototype light tank for the Red Army, the first natively-designed tank in the Soviet Union. The first prototype, T-16, was tested in Jun 1927; the transmission failed too often, and it could not cross trenches more than 2 meters wide or 1.2 meters deep. Nevertheless, it was accepted into production in Jul 1927 for 108 machines with the final designation of T-18. Production began in Feb 1928 at the Leningrad Obukhov Factory in northern Russia, and Motovilikhinsky Machine-Building Plant was soon building T-18 light tanks as well. Between 1928 and 1931, 96 T-18 tanks were built. They were withdrawn from active service by 1932, but when Germany invaded the Soviet Union in 1941, they were taken out from the warehouses and returned to the front lines. A number of them were re-equipped with the larger 45-millimeter guns and were re-designated T-18M.

ww2dbaseThe T-18 light tank design was also known as Maliy Soprovozhdeniya-Perviy, or MS-1.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia

Last Major Revision: Oct 2011


Machinery4-cyl engine rated at 35hp
SuspensionVertically sprung
Armament1x37mm Model 28 gun, 1x7.62mm Fedorov-Shpagina machine gun
Length4.38 m
Width1.76 m
Height2.10 m
Weight5.9 t
Speed17 km/h
Range50 km


Prototype T-16 light tank, Leningrad Obukhov Factory, Leningrad, Russia, spring 1927Soviet T-18 light tank near the Chinese Eastern Railway, eastern Russia, 1929T-18 light tank on display at Khabarovsk, eastern Russia, 31 May 2008T-18 light tank on display at the Kubinka Tank Museum, Moscow Oblast, Russia, 2009

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T-18 Light Tank Photo Gallery
Prototype T-16 light tank, Leningrad Obukhov Factory, Leningrad, Russia, spring 1927
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