|Primary Role||Light Tank|
Contributor: C. Peter Chen
ww2dbaseThe Vickers 6-Ton light tanks, also known as Vickers Mark E, were designed by John Valentine Carden and Vivian Loyd in 1928 as a private project internal to Vickers. There were two variants, with Type A vehicles each having two machine gun turrets as the main armament, and Type B with a single turret with a short-barreled 47-millimeter OQF 3-pounder Gun. The British Army evaluated a prototype and rejected it. Failing to secure a domestic buyer, Vickers reached out to military forces abroad, ultimately signing contracts with Portugal, Finland, Poland, Bulgaria, Soviet Union, Greece, Thailand, Canada, Bolivia, and China.
ww2dbaseThe one Type A and two Type B vehicles purchased by Bolivia were the first tanks to see combat in the Americas as they participated in the Chaco War against Paraguay in 1933. 1 was destroyed, 1 was captured by Paraguay and sold to Spain, and the last was captured by Paraguay and became a monument. The monument vehicle was returned to Bolivia in 1994.
ww2dbaseChina purchased 20 Type B vehicles. They saw combat against the Japanese during the 1937 Second Battle of Shanghai.
ww2dbaseCanada purchased 12 Type B vehicles. They were assigned to the Canadian Armoured Fighting Vehicle School in 1938 and would never see combat.
ww2dbaseThe contract of Poland was for 50 vehicles, 38 (16 Type A and 22 Type B) of which would be put together (the remaining 12 were reserved for spare parts). These tanks had overheating issues, and the Polish Army modified them by adding larger air vents. The Polish 6-Ton tanks were also modified with the addition of Gundlach periscopes and two-way radios. Poland was generally, but not completely, satisfied with the Vickers 6-Ton design, thus it would purchase a license for local production; after modifications, it entered production as 7TP light tank. By the start of the European War in 1939, all of them were converted to single-turret tanks. These tanks served with the Polish 10th Cavalry Brigade during the 1939 German-Soviet joint invasion.
ww2dbaseThe Soviet Union was the first buyer, in 1931, of Vickers 6-Ton light tanks. It was generally satisfied with the 15 Vickers 6-Ton light tanks, but, like the Poles, it purchased a license for local production rather than purchasing additional examples. After modifications, it evolved into the T-26 design.
ww2dbaseFinland purchased 26 Type B vehicles, all of which arrived unarmed. They were armed in Finland with 37-millimeter Puteaux guns and 37-millimeter Bofors anti-tank guns. 13 of them saw combat. In 1941, the Finns rearmed the surviving 19 6-ton tanks to match that of captured Soviet T-26 tanks, and operated the two similar types together in the same unit during the Continuation War and beyond. They were retired together in 1959.
ww2dbaseThailand purchased 30 Type B vehicles. They saw combat during the 1940-1941 Franco-Thai War.
ww2dbaseDuring the design's production life time, 153 examples of Vickers 6-Ton light tanks were built.
|Machinery||One Armstrong Siddeley Puma petrol engine rated at 80-98hp|
|Suspension||Leaf spring bogie|
|Armament||47mm gun (50 rounds), 1 or 2 machine guns|
|Armor||1in (25mm) front, 0.75in (19mm) rear, 1in (25mm) turret|
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Captain Henry P. Jim Crowe, Guadalcanal, 13 Jan 1943