|Primary Role||Medium Tank|
Contributor: C. Peter Chen
ww2dbaseThe Fiat-designed M11/39 medium tanks entered production in 1937. They each had a fixed 37-millimeter gun as the primary armament, supported by twin-machine guns in the rotating turret. They were designed to carry radio for communications, but as it turned out, none would be installed as they were rolled off the production lines. Between 1937 and 1940, 100 tanks were built. 72 of the 100 M11/39 medium tanks were deployed with the Italian Army in North Africa, while 24 were sent to Italian East Africa. They enjoyed an early advantage in the Desert War against the Allies, with their guns having an easy time piercing the thin armor plating of British light tanks, although their own armor could be penetrated by the heavy guns of British cruiser and infantry tanks. They participated in the Italian invasion of Egypt in Sep 1940 and defended against the British attack of Operation Compass starting in Dec 1940; during the latter campaign, many of them would become damaged or destroyed, some of which would be captured by the Allies and be pressed into action against their original owners. They were largely removed from front line service by the end of 1941.
Last Major Revision: Nov 2010
|Machinery||One Fiat SPA 8T V-8 diesel engine rated at 105hp|
|Suspension||Two 4 wheel bogies, semi-elliptic leaf spring|
|Armament||1x37mm Vickers-Terni L/40 gun (84 rounds), 2x8mm Breda 38 machine guns|
|Armor||30mm front, 15mm side, 6mm top, 6mm bottom|
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Chiang Kaishek, 31 Jul 1937
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