T-44 file photo [13009]


ManufacturerFactory No. 75, Kharkov, Ukraine
Primary RoleMedium Tank


ww2dbaseIn the fall of 1943, A. A. Morozov began to work at Stalin Ural Tank Factory No. 183 at Nizhny Tagil, Russia on a new medium tank design that would combine the mobility of the existing T-34 tanks and a greater firepower; this new design was designated T-44 in Nov 1943. The first prototype with an 85mm D-5T gun was completed in Jan 1944, followed by two more in Feb 1944, one with an 85-millimeter D-5T gun and the other a 122-millimeter D-25-44T gun. The first three prototypes caused concerns particularly involving the perpendicular placement of the large-displacement 12-cylinder engines, which they thought might cause mechanical failures over time. The second generation of T-44 prototypes was tested at Kubinka, Russia in the summer of 1944, while the third generation was tested in Kharkov, Ukraine in Aug and Sep of 1944. In Sep 1944, three Soviet tank brigades received T-44 tanks for training purposes. The production design, T-44A, with an 85-millimeter gun, began production in Oct 1944 and entered service with the Soviet forces on 23 Nov 1944, but development efforts continued in search of a medium tank with a larger gun, ultimately resulting in the post-war T-54/55 main battle tank. Production took place at Factory No. 75 in Kharkov, Ukraine, using equipment relocated from Nizhny Tagil. By the end of 1944, 25 were built, which was far below the earlier optimistic estimate of 300 tanks. 940 additional units were built in 1945. The about 1,000 T-44 tanks built during the European War did not see any combat.

ww2dbaseT-44 medium tanks continued to be in production until 1947. When production ceased, a total of 1,823 were built. The short production life of the T-44 design was due to its inability to carry a 100-millimeter gun as well as the success of the T-54 design which spawned from this project.

ww2dbaseIn 1961, a small number of T-44A medium tanks were modernized with T-54 parts and were redesignated T-44M. A few of them were further upgraded into T-44MK command tanks in 1963. In 1966, some T-44A and T-44M tanks received new gun stabilizers and were redesignated T-44S and T-44MS, respectively. These modernized T-44 tanks remained in service until the 1970s.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia

Last Major Revision: Nov 2011

T-44 Timeline

15 Sep 1944 Soviet 6th Guard Tank Brigade, 33rd Guard Tank Brigade, and 63rd Guard Tank Brigade were assigned T-44 prototype medium tanks for training purposes.
23 Nov 1944 T-44 medium tanks officially entered Soviet Army service.


MachineryOne Model V-44 12-cyl diesel engine rated at 520hp
SuspensionTorsion bar
Armament1x85mm ZiS-S-53 tank gun (58 rounds), 1x7.62mm fixed hull DTM machine gun, 1x7.62mm coaxial turret DTM machine gun
Armor75mm hull front, 90mm turret front, 45mm sides
Length6.07 m
Width3.25 m
Height2.46 m
Weight32.0 t
Speed53 km/h
Range350 km


T-44-122 prototype medium tank and a captured German Panzer V Panther tank, 1944T-44-85 prototype medium tank in field trials, 1944; note the lack of the splashboardT-44-85 prototype medium tank, 1944T-44-100 prototype medium tank, 1945

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Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Sean Maxwell says:
11 Nov 2017 01:29:59 PM

Hello! So, I’m building a functioning scale model of the T-44(A) (approx. 2 ft in height). I was wondering if I could find any blueprints that tells me the dimensions and angles of anything outside. So basically, a detailed media that tells me the exact specifications of the outside armor,tracks,turret, etc.. I do not necessarily want anything inside the tank but, I’ll take whatever you give me!

I hope you’ll get back to me ASAP!

Thank you very much!

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T-44-122 prototype medium tank and a captured German Panzer V Panther tank, 1944
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