122 mm Howitzer M1938 (M-30) Field Gun
|Country of Origin||Russia|
|Barrel Length||2.800 m|
|Ammunition Weight||21.76 kg|
|Rate of Fire||5 rounds/min|
|Muzzle Velocity||500 m/s|
Contributor: C. Peter Chenww2dbaseThe 122 mm Howitzer M1938 (M-30) field guns were designed by F. F. Petrov of the design bureau of Motovilikha Plants in the late 1930s to replace the recently modernized 122-millimeter howitzers in the Russian arsenal that were of pre-WW1 designs. The design was accepted in Sep 1939 after defeating rival designs. The design addressed the shortcomings of the WW1-era predecessors directly: their advanced split trail carriages with leaf spring suspension systems and rubber tires greatly improved the towing capabilities, while the longer barrel increased the effective range. Mass production began in 1940 at No. 9 in Sverdlovsk and after 1940 also in Plant No. 92 in Gorky, both in Russia. Barrels of this design were mounted on T-34 hulls to create the SU-122 self-propelled assault guns. Marshal G. F. Odintsov commented "[n]othing can be better" after witnessing firing practices involving these guns.
When Germany invaded Russia in Jun 1941, 1,667 The 122 mm Howitzer M1938 (M-30) field guns were in service, which was still a minority. However, increased production meant that by 1943 they would become the most numerous howitzers of the Russian Army. They were mainly used as indirect fire weapons against troop concentrations and field fortifications, though when necessary they also fired directly against advancing German tanks after High explosive anti-tank shells were developed in 1943.
A number of these guns were captured by the Germans, who pressed them into service with the designation 12.2 cm s.F.H.396(r) heavy howitzers. Finnish forces captured 41 guns of this type and employed them under the designation 122 H 38; Finnish troops reported great liking to these guns, and kept them in service until the mid-1980s.
After WW2, Russia supplied 122 mm Howitzer M1938 (M-30) field guns to friendly nations such as Egypt and Syria. Communist China's Type 54 howitzers were reportedly developed based on the M-30 design given by Russia.
Between 1940 and 1945, a total of 17,526 122 mm Howitzer M1938 (M-30) field guns were built. An additional 1,740 were built between 1946 and 1955, bring the grand total to 19,266. Detailed production figures are show below.
In 1960, they were replaced by the 122 mm Howitzer D-30.
Source: Wikipedia. ww2dbase
Last Major Revision: May 2009
Did you enjoy this article or find this article helpful? If so, please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 per month will go a long way! Thank you.
Share this article with your friends:
Stay updated with WW2DB:
Search WW2DB & Partner Sites
- » Wreck of USS Albacore Found (23 Feb 2023)
- » Joseph Eskenazi honored at US National World War II Museum (16 Jan 2023)
- » Beethoven Original Manuscript to be Returned to Heirs of its Pre-WW2 Owner (13 Jan 2023)
- » WW2DB's 18th Anniversary (29 Dec 2022)
- » Two WW2-era Aircraft Crashed During Dallas Air Show (14 Nov 2022)
- » See all news
122 mm Howitzer M1938 (M-30) Field Gun Photo Gallery
Current Site Statistics
- » 1,128 biographies
- » 335 events
- » 41,281 timeline entries
- » 1,207 ships
- » 346 aircraft models
- » 206 vehicle models
- » 370 weapon models
- » 123 historical documents
- » 248 facilities
- » 468 book reviews
- » 28,880 photos
- » 402 maps
Famous WW2 Quote"Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few."
Winston Churchill, on the RAF
Please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 a month will go a long way. Thank you!
Or, please support us by purchasing some WW2DB merchandise at TeeSpring, Thank you!