Type 94 75 mm Mountain Gun file photo [11022]

Type 94 75 mm Field Gun

Country of OriginJapan
TypeField Gun
Caliber75.000 mm
Length1,560.000 mm
Weight535.000 kg
Ammunition Weight6.50 kg
Rate of Fire4 rounds/min
Range8,300 m
Muzzle Velocity385 m/s


ww2dbaseThe Type 94 75-millimeter Mountain Guns were developed in late 1931 and early 1932 after the invasion of northeastern China proved that existing guns in the Japanese Army's arsenal were lacking in capability and difficult to handle in mountainous terrain. The first prototype was tested in 1932, and the design was finalized in 1934 with the designation Type 94. These new mountain guns had single-piece gun barrels with sliding breech block based on German Krupp designs. They sat on long split-trail spade-end carriages with wooden wheels. Their hydro-pneumatic recoil mechanism was based on French Schneider designs. 3-millimeter thick gun shields protected the crews from small arms fire. To make up for their predecessor's greatest inadequacies, these new guns could each be broken down into 11 separate sections for easy transport; the break down took between 3 to 5 minutes, and the re-assembling took about 10 minutes. Each broken-down gun was designed to be transported by 6 pack animals or 18 men, and the heaviest piece weighed 210 pounds. These mountain guns served with the Japanese Army in China and in the Pacific in great numbers.

After the end of WW2, communist forces in China employed a great number of these mountain guns. Some of them were captured Japanese examples, while others were Chinese-built from reverse-engineered examples. Communist China supplied these guns to the communist forces in Korea during the Korean War.

Source: Wikipedia.


Last Major Revision: Oct 2010


Japanese Army Type 94 75 mm Mountain Gun, date unknown

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Japanese Army Type 94 75 mm Mountain Gun, date unknown

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