PPS Submachine Gun
|Country of Origin||Russia|
|Barrel Length||243.000 mm|
|Rate of Fire||600 rounds/min|
|Muzzle Velocity||500 m/s|
Contributor: C. Peter Chenww2dbaseWeapon designer A. I. Sudaev's PPS (Pistolet Pulemyot Sudayeva) submachine guns were introduced into service in 1942 (as PPS-42) as a response to a Soviet Army requirement for a lightweight weapon (3 kilograms or less) that was shorter in length and more accurate than the PPSh-41 submachine guns. The trials for the new weapon lasted from Feb 1942 to Jul 1942, at the end of which the PPS design defeated Georgy Shpagin's PPSh-2 which was an improved version of the proven PPSh-41. Among the key reason was that a PPS submachine gun required only 2.7 hours of machining using 6.2 kilograms of metal, the latter of which represented half of what a PPSh-41 weapon required. The technique of steel sheet stamping contributed to the efficient manufacturing. The initial design, designated PPS-42, was first manufactured at the Sestroryetsk Arsenal near Leningrad in northern Russia; these weapons were first available for units in the Leningrad area in Dec 1942. 46,572 PPS-42 weapons were made in 1943. In mid-1943, PPS-43 entered production. This new variant featured improved safety mechanism, reduced length, further-angled magazines for ease of reloading, and rubber (rather than wood) grips. PPS-43 was further simplified to further decrease manufacturing time. Between 1943 and 1946, about 2,000,000 PPS-43 weapons were built. Front line troops praised PPS-43 for the hinge (which was similar to PPSh-41) that allowed the weapons to be field-cleaned very easily.
After WW2, PPS-43 submachine guns were license-built in Poland (PPs wz. 1943/1952), Communist China (Type 54), Finland (M44), Spain (Dux M51), and Germany (M53).
Chris McNab, Soviet Submachine Guns of World War II
Last Major Revision: Jul 2008
|25 Feb 1942||The Soviets began trials for a new submachine gun to succeed the proven PPSh-41 design.|
|26 Apr 1942||The PPS submachine gun began to be tested.|
|12 May 1942||The PPS submachine gun's testing completed.|
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