He 178 file photo [9037]

He 178

CountryGermany
ManufacturerHeinkel Flugzeugwerke
Primary RolePrototype Aircraft
Maiden Flight27 August 1939

Contributor:

ww2dbaseIn 1936, 25-year-old German engineer Hans Joachim Pabst von Ohain obtained a patent for an idea of using exhaust of a gas turbine as means of propulsion for an aircraft. In 1937, with a partnership with the aircraft manufacturer Heinkel, he proved the idea's worthiness with the first working jet engine; the project at Heinkel was personally oversaw by Ernst Heinkel. With his third engine designated HeS 3, the prototype jet aircraft He 178 was born. The prototype aircraft had an intake in the nose, which fed air into a diesel-powered turbine. The fuselage was made of metal, and the high-mounted wings were wooden. On 24 Aug 1939, the prototype aircraft took a short hop at an airfield as a preliminary test for its maiden flight. Three days later, on 27 Aug, German Air Force (Luftwaffe) Captain Erich Warsitz successfully took the aircraft into the air, thus earning He 178 aircraft the title of the first aircraft to fly using a turbojet engine. With Luftwaffe chief Hermann Göring a believer of conventional propeller-driven aircraft, however, Heinkel had difficulty convincing the German military to even inspect the aircraft until Oct 1939. On 1 Nov, Heinkel was finally able to stage a demonstration for high-ranking German Air Ministry officials Ernst Udet and Erhard Milch, who were not impressed with the performance of this new technology still in its infancy. Although the He 178 project was halted after the lack of military interest, Heinkel continued with its jet program. A second prototype, He 178 V2, was built, but it never embarked on a powered flight. The prototype aircraft was destroyed at German Technical Museum (Deutsches Technikmuseum) in Berlin, Germany in 1943 when the museum came under Allied bombing.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia.

He 178 Timeline

27 Aug 1939 German Air Force Captain Erich Warsitz successfully took the prototype He 178 jet aircraft into the air, thus making it the first aircraft to fly using a turbojet engine. The test flight was conducted out of Rostock-Marienehe Airfield on the Baltic Sea coast.
1 Nov 1939 Heinkel demonstrated the first jet aircraft He 178 to the German Air Ministry, but the German officials were not impressed.

SPECIFICATIONS

He 178
MachineryOne HeS 3 turbojet diesel engine rated at 992 pound-force
Crew1
Span7.20 m
Length7.48 m
Height2.10 m
Wing Area9.10 m²
Weight, Empty1,620 kg
Weight, Maximum1,998 kg
Speed, Maximum598 km/h
Range, Normal200 km

Photographs

Drawing board design for He 178 jet aircraft, 1939Front view of the He 178 prototype aircraft, date unknownHe 178 V2 prototype jet aircraft, date unknown




Did you enjoy this article? Please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 per month will go a long way! Thank you.

Share this article with your friends:

 Facebook  Reddit
 Twitter  Digg
 Google+  Delicious
 StumbleUpon  


Stay updated with WW2DB:

 RSS Feeds



Posting Your Comments on this Topic

Your Name
Your Email
 Your email will not be published
Comment Type
Your Comments
Security Code
 

 

Note: We hope that visitor conversations at WW2DB will be constructive and thought-provoking. Please refrain from using strong language. HTML tags are not allowed. Your IP address will be tracked even if you remain anonymous. WW2DB site administrators reserve the right to moderate, censor, and/or remove any comment. All comment submissions will become the property of WW2DB.

Search WW2DB & Partner Sites
He 178 Prototype Aircraft Photo Gallery
Drawing board design for He 178 jet aircraft, 1939
See all 3 photographs of He 178 Prototype Aircraft




Famous WW2 Quote
"I have returned. By the grace of Almighty God, our forces stand again on Philippine soil."

General Douglas MacArthur at Leyte, 17 Oct 1944