Full Name 4 Greater German Empire
Alliance Axis - Major Member Nation
Entry into WW2 1 Sep 1939
Population in 1939 79,800,000
Military Deaths in WW2 5,500,000
Civilian Deaths in WW2 2,000,000
 - Civ Deaths from Holocaust 160,000


ww2dbaseOn 27 Feb 1933, the Reichstag was set on fire, generally believed to be started by a Dutch communist. The propaganda machine of the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, the National Socialist German Workers' Party or Nazi Party for short, seized the opportunity to claim their importance in a Germany now influenced by the dangerous expansionist philosophies of communism. Slowly, Germany became a single-party republic, and Adolf Hitler became a practical monarch with absolute power over the nation. For the most part, Germany welcomed the dictatorship. Many considered the Versailles Treaty a gross violation of German sovereignty, and the economic depression that hit Germany left the German people thirsting for a strong leader who could bring Germany to the world stage again. Hitler manipulated politics and popular opinion with the total control of media and a powerful propaganda machine so that he could fill that role. Over the course of the 1930s, he courted industrial leaders and established a strong war production base, while he also charmed military leaders with visions of glory through conquest. The first military move took place in 1936 when German troops marched into Rhineland. In 1938, Hitler's native country Austria was annexed within German borders, followed by Czechoslovakia and Memel in 1939. Finally, the European War broke out in 1939. One by one, Poland, the Low Countries, and France fell. In Jun 1941, even Germany's recent ally Russia was invaded. In Dec 1941, after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor, Germany boldly declared war on the US as well. The illusion of Germany Army's invincibility soon fell apart, however, when the attack on Moscow, and then Stalingrad, grinded away German strength. In Jun 1944, the Normandy campaign eroded the Western Front as well. The pressures of a two-front war finally led to the total collapse of the German military. Hitler committed suicide on 30 Apr 1945, and Germany surrendered a week later.

ww2dbaseThe Nazi German period is sometimes referred to as the "Third Reich", which was a name used in Nazi propaganda. It was meant to create a sense of connection between Nazi Germany and the first two great empires in German history, the Holy Roman Empire and the German empire under Kaiser Wilhelm I and Kaiser Wilhelm II.

ww2dbaseA heinous legacy was left with the departure of the Nazi regime. The Holocaust, or the systematic extermination of Jews, Slavs, homosexuals, the disabled, communists, and many other groups, left 11 million dead all across Europe. Of that total, more than half were Jews. Majdanek, Natzweiler-Struthof, Dachau, Buchenwald, Auschwitz, and so many other concentration camps horrified those who found them. German industries such as I. G. Farben and Fried. Krupp, too, joined in on the pillage of Europe, illegally seizing industries in the conquered nations and employed slave labor from the concentration camps. Advocates such as Simon Wiesenthal dedicated their efforts in finding those responsible for the murders and bringing them to justice.

ww2dbaseAfter the war, Germany was divided into occupation zones, which led to the division of East and West Germany during the Cold War.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia.

Abetz, OttoGrynszpan, HerschelMoltke, Helmuth
Abraham, ErichGuderian, HeinzMorell, Theodor
Altenburg, GüntherGöring, HermannMußfeldt, Erich
Altvater, JohannaGöth, AmonMölders, Werner
Aschmann, KurtHaase, WernerMüller, Friedrich-Wilhelm
Axmann, ArturHalder, FranzNeumann, Eduard
Bauer, FriedrichHansen, ErikNiemöller, Martin
Baur, EleonoreHausser, PaulOsterkamp, Theodor
Beck, LudwigHeinrichPapen, Franz
Bergmann, JohannesHeitz, WalterPaulus, Friedrich
Best, WernerHermann FlorstedtPetri, Erna
Bismarck, GeorgHeusinger, AdolfPetri, Horst
Blaskowitz, JohannesHeydrich, ReinhardPhilipp
Block, JosefineHeydte, FriedrichPrien, Günther
Blomberg, AxelHeß, RudolfPuttkamer, Karl-Jesco
Blomberg, WernerHimmler, HeinrichRaeder, Erich
Blome, KurtHitler, AdolfRath, Ernst vom
Blösche, JosefHoffmann, FriedrichReichenau, Walther
Bock, FedorHoffmann, HeinrichReitsch, Hanna
Bonhoeffer, DietrichHoth, HermannReymann, Helmuth
Bormann, JuanaHähle, JohannesRibbentrop, Joachim
Brandenberger, ErichHöss, RudolfRichthofen, Wolfram
Brandt, HeinzIlk, IroRoettig, Wilhelm
Brauchitsch, WaltherJef FrançoisRommel, Erwin
Braun, EvaJoachim KuehnRosenberg, Alfred
Braun, WernherJodl, AlfredRuge, Friedrich
Briesen, KurtJosiasRundstedt, Gerd
Buhle, WaltherKaltenbrunner, ErnstRust, Bernhard
Burgdorf, WilhelmKarl BurkSauckel, Fritz
Böhme, HorstKeitel, WilhelmSchellenberg, Walther
Bühler, JosefKersten, FelixSchindler, Oskar
Canaris, WilhelmKesselring, AlbertSchmid, Anton
Christiansen, FriedrichKleist, PaulSchmidt, Kurt
Daluege, KurtKluge, GüntherSchneiders, Toni
Degrelle, LéonKoch, IlseSchreiber, Walter
Dietl, EduardKoch, Karl-OttoSchwalbe, Felix
Dietrich, JosefKreipe, HeinrichSchörner, Ferdinand
Dohnanyi, HansKrupinski, WalterSkorzeny, Otto
Dornberger, WalterKrupp, AlfriedSpeer, Albert
Dostler, AntonKrupp, GustavSperrle, Hugo
Dönitz, KarlKuehn, BernardStauffenberg, Claus
EgmontKuehn, FriedelStettner von Grabenhofen, Walter
Eichmann, AdolfKuehn, SusanStroop, Jürgen
Epp, FranzKuhlmann, Hans-GüntherStudent, Kurt
Falck, WolfgangKüchler, GeorgStudnitz, Hans Georg
Falkenhausen, AlexanderLammers, HansTranow, Wilhelm
Falkenhorst, NikolausLangsdorff, HansTraub, Erich
Felmy, HellmuthLanz, HubertVeesenmayer, Edmund
Forster, AlbertLe Suire, KarlVogelsang, Ernst
Frank, HansLeeb, WilhelmWeichs, Maximilian
Frank, KarlLeroy, JacquesWeidling, Helmuth
Fretter-Pico, MaximilianLippert, LucienWeinrother, Carl
Frick, WilhelmList, WilhelmWeiss, Martin
Frike, KurtLudwiger, HartwigWenck, Walther
Fritsch, WernerLöhr, AlexanderWenneker, Paul
Galland, AdolfMaisel, ErnstWilhelm
Gehlen, ReinhardManstein, ErichWiligut, Karl
Giesler, PaulManteuffel, HassoWilmowsky, Tilo
Goebbels, JosephMarseille, Hans-JoachimWünsche, Max
Grabmann, WalterMeier, LiselotteZangen, Gustav-Adolf
Greim, RobertMerten, MaxZeitzler, Kurt
Greiser, ArthurMilch, Erhard
Grund, HorstModel, Walter

Events Taken Place in Germany
Treaty of Berlin24 Apr 1926
The Reichstag Fire27 Feb 1933
Re-militarization of Rhineland7 Mar 1936
Anti-Comintern Pact25 Nov 1936
Hossbach Conference5 Nov 1937
Munich Conference and the Annexation of Sudetenland29 Sep 1938 - 10 Oct 1938
The Danzig Crisis24 Oct 1938 - 29 Aug 1939
Kristallnacht9 Nov 1938 - 11 Nov 1938
The Pact of Steel22 May 1939
The Tripartite Pact27 Sep 1940
Wannsee Conference20 Jan 1942
Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities28 Mar 1942 - 3 Apr 1945
Dambuster Raid17 May 1943
V-Weapons Campaign13 Jun 1944 - 30 Mar 1945
July Plot20 Jul 1944 - 21 Jul 1944
Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust24 Jul 1944 - 29 Apr 1945
Operation Aphrodite and Operation Anvil4 Aug 1944 - 1 Jan 1945
Battle of Hürtgen Forest19 Sep 1944 - 10 Feb 1945
Nemmersdorf Massacre22 Oct 1944
Vistula-Oder Offensive12 Jan 1945 - 2 Feb 1945
East Prussian Offensive13 Jan 1945 - 26 Apr 1945
Advance to the Rhine20 Jan 1945 - 25 Mar 1945
Silesian Offensive and the Siege of Breslau8 Feb 1945 - 6 May 1945
East Pomeranian Offensive24 Feb 1945 - 4 Apr 1945
Crossing the Rhine22 Mar 1945 - 1 Apr 1945
Fall of the Ruhr25 Mar 1945 - 18 Apr 1945
Southern Germany Campaign28 Mar 1945 - 2 May 1945
Battle of Berlin16 Apr 1945 - 2 May 1945
Germany's Surrender7 May 1945
Potsdam Conference16 Jul 1945 - 26 Jul 1945
Nuremberg Trials and Other Trials Against Germany18 Oct 1945 - 13 Apr 1949

Ar 195Bf 109Fi 167He 178Ju 87 Stuka
Ar 196Bf 110Fw 187 FalkeHe 219 UhuJu 88
Ar 232Bü 181Fw 189 UhuHe 280Ju 89
Ar 234 BlitzDFS 230Fw 190 WürgerHe 70 BlitzMe 163 Komet
Ar 68Do 17Fw 200 CondorHs 123Me 210
Ar 95Do 18Fw 44 StieglitzHs 126Me 262 Schwalbe
BV 138 SeedracheDo 217He 111 Doppel-BlitzHs 129Me 323 Gigant
BV 141Do 24He 112Ju 188Me 410 Hornisse
BV 222 WikingDo 335 PfeilHe 115Ju 290Ta 154 Moskito
Ba 349 NatterDo XHe 162 VolksjägerJu 388 Störtebeker
Bf 108 TaifunFi 156 StorchHe 177 GreifJu 52

A *M345M85U-133U-382
A *M346M9U-134U-39
Admiral Graf SpeeM347MiceaU-135U-4
Admiral HipperM348MichelU-136U-40
Admiral ScheerM35MöweU-137U-401
Adolf LüderitzM36NU-138U-402
AlbatrosM361N *U-139U-403
Albert Leo SchlageterM362N *U-14U-41
AltmarkM363N *U-140U-42
AtlantisM364N2 *U-141U-43
B *M365NympheU-142U-44
B *M366NürnbergU-143U-442
BismarckM367O *U-144U-45
BlücherM368O *U-145U-452
BremseM369O *U-146U-453
BrummerM37O2 *U-147U-454
C *M371OstmarkU-149U-46
C *M372Otto WünscheU-15U-460
Carl PetersM373P *U-150U-461
Carl ZeissM374P *U-151U-462
CoronelM375P *U-152U-463
D *M376P1 *U-153U-464
D *M377P10 *U-154U-47
DeutschlandM378 *P11 *U-155U-48
DithmarschenM379 *P12 *U-156U-49
E *M38P2 *U-157U-491
EmdenM380 *P2 *U-158U-492
ErmlandM381P3 *U-159U-493
Erwin WassnerM382P4 *U-16U-494
F *M383P5 *U-160U-5
F-classM384P6 *U-161U-50
F1M385P7 *U-162U-505
F10M386P8 *U-163U-51
F2M387P9 *U-164U-52
F4M389Prinz EugenU-166U-530
F5M39Q *U-167U-537
F6M4Q *U-168U-54
F7M401Q *U-169U-55
F8M402Q2 *U-17U-559
F9M403R *U-170U-56
FalkeM404R *U-171U-57
FalkeM405R2 *U-172U-575
FriesenlandM407SP1 *U-174U-577
GM408SP10 *U-175U-578
G *M409 *SP11 *U-176U-58
G1M410 *SP12 *U-177U-59
G2M411SP13 *U-178U-6
G3M412SP14 *U-179U-60
G4 *M413SP15 *U-18U-61
GneisenauM414SP16 *U-180U-62
Gorch FockM415SP17 *U-181U-63
Graf ZeppelinM416SP18 *U-182U-64
GreifM417 *SP19 *U-183U-65
GreifM418 *SP2 *U-184U-66
GrilleM419 *SP20 *U-185U-67
H *M420 *SP21 *U-186U-68
H *M421SP22 *U-187U-686
H *M422SP3 *U-188U-687
Hans Albert WedelM423SP4 *U-189U-688
HavellandM424SP5 *U-19U-689
HelaM425SP6 *U-190U-69
Herbert NorkusM426SP7 *U-191U-7
Hermann KohlM427SP8 *U-192U-70
Horst WesselM428SP9 *U-193U-71
IltisM429 *SaarU-194U-72
J *M430 *ScharnhorstU-195U-73
K *M432Schleswig-HolsteinU-197U-737
K1 *M434SchwabenlandU-199U-74
K2 *M435SeeadlerU-2U-745
K3 *M436SeydlitzU-20U-746
K4 *M437StierU-200U-75
KometM439 *T10U-202U-752
KondorM440 *T11U-203U-754
L *M445T16U-208U-8
LeopardM447 *T18U-21U-81
LuchsM448 *T19U-210U-82
LützowM449 *T2U-211U-821
MM450 *T20U-212U-822
M *M451 *T21U-213U-83
M *M452 *T22U-214U-84
M *M453 *T23U-215U-85
M-classM454 *T24U-216U-86
M1M455 *T25U-217U-869
M10M456 *T26U-218U-87
M101M457 *T27U-22U-88
M102M458 *T28U-226U-89
M131M464 *T33U-2324U-922
M132M465 *T34U-2325U-923
M133M466 *T35U-2326U-924
M154M472 *T40U-241U-93
M155M473 *T41U-249U-930
M156M474 *T42U-25U-931
M18M477 *T45U-2549U-95
M19M478 *T46U-26U-96
M2M479 *T47U-27U-97
M2 *M480 *T48U-28U-977
M20M481 *T5U-287U-98
M201M482 *T50U-29U-99
M203M484T52 *U-30Waldemar Kophamel
M204M485 *T53 *U-3001Westerwald
M205M486T54 *U-3008Westfalen
M206M487 *T55 *U-3009Widder
M21M488 *T56 *U-3010Wilhelm Bauer
M22M489T57 *U-3011Wilhelm Gustloff
M23M490 *T58 *U-3012Wolf
M24M491 *T59 *U-3013Z1 Leberecht Maass
M25M492 *T6U-3014Z10 Hans Lody
M251M493 *T60 *U-3015Z11 Bernd Von Arnim
M252M494 *T7U-3016Z12 Erich Giese
M253M495T8U-3017Z13 Erich Koellner
M254M496T9U-3019Z14 Friedrich Ihn
M255M5TangaU-3036Z15 Erich Steinbrinck
M256M6ThorU-3042Z16 Friedrich Eckholdt
M26M601 *TigerU-3043Z17 Diether von Roeder
M261M602 *TirpitzU-3048Z18 Hans Ludemann
M262M603 *TsingtauU-3049Z19 Hermann Kunne
M263M604 *Type VII-classU-3052Z2 Georg Thiele
M264M605 *Type XXVIIU-3053Z20 Karl Galster
M265M606 *U-1U-3054Z21 Wilhelm Heidkamp
M266M607 *U-10U-3055Z22 Anton Schmitt
M267M608 *U-100U-3056Z23
M27M609 *U-101U-3057Z24
M271M610 *U-1011U-3058Z25
M272M611 *U-102U-3059Z26
M273M612 *U-103U-3060Z27
M274M613 *U-104U-3061Z28
M275M614 *U-105U-3062Z29
M276M615 *U-1059U-3063Z3 Max Schultz
M277M616 *U-106U-31Z30
M278M617 *U-107U-32Z31
M279M618 *U-108U-33Z32
M28M619 *U-109U-331Z33
M280M620 *U-11U-332Z34
M29M621 *U-110U-333Z35
M291M622 *U-111U-334Z36
M292M623 *U-112 *U-34Z37
M293M624 *U-113 *U-35Z38
M294M625 *U-1133U-3504Z39
M295 *M626 *U-1134U-3505Z4 Richard Beitzen
M296M627 *U-1135U-3510Z40
M297 *M628 *U-114 *U-3511Z41
M3M629 *U-115 *U-3512Z42
M30M630 *U-116U-3515Z43
M301M631 *U-117U-3516Z44
M302M632 *U-118U-3517Z45
M303M633 *U-119U-3518Z46
M305M8U-120U-3520Z48 *
M306M801 *U-121U-3521Z49 *
M307M802 *U-122U-3522Z5 Paul Jacobi
M31M803 *U-123U-3523Z50 *
M32M804 *U-1233U-3524Z51
M321M805 *U-1234U-3525Z52 *
M322M806 *U-1235U-3526Z53 *
M323M807 *U-1239U-3527Z54 *
M324M808 *U-124U-3528Z55 *
M325M809 *U-1240U-3535Z56 *
M326M81U-125U-3536Z57 *
M327M810 *U-126U-3537Z58 *
M328M811 *U-127U-3538Z6 Theodor Riedel
M329M812 *U-128U-3539Z7 Hermann Schoemann
M33M813 *U-1280U-3540Z8 Bruno Heinemann
M330M814 *U-1282U-3541Z9 Wolfgang Zenker
M34M815 *U-129U-3542
M341M816 *U-13U-36

* Planned only; not actually built

G31PzKpfw IIISdKfz 2 Kettenkrad
Hornisse/NashornPzKpfw IVSdKfz 231/232/233/263 (8-Rad)
JagdpantherPzKpfw NbFz V/VISdKfz 231/232/263 (6-Rad)
K800PzKpfw Tiger Ausf. B 'Tiger II'SdKfz 234 (8-Rad)
KS600PzKpfw V PantherSdKfz 250
KS750PzKpfw VI Ausf. E 'Tiger I'SdKfz 251
Karl-GerätR75SdKfz 6
Kfz. 305 BlitzSdKfz 10SdKfz 7
KübelwagenSdKfz 131/132 Marder IISturer Emil
Leichter PanzerspähwagenSdKfz 135 Marder ISturmgeschütz III
Panzerjäger Tiger (P) 'Elefant'SdKfz 138/1 GrilleSturmgeschütz IV
PzKpfw ISdKfz 138/139 Marder IIISturmpanzer
PzKpfw IISdKfz 165 Hummel

10.5 cm FlaK 38 Anti-Aircraft Gun28 cm K5 (E) Railway GunGewehr 43 Rifle
10.5 cm Geb H 40 Field Gun28 cm SK L/50 Coastal Defense GunGewehr 98 Rifle
10.5 cm Kanone 17 Field Gun28 cm schwere Bruno Kanone (E) Railway GunHafthohlladung Grenade
10.5 cm Leichtgeschütz 40 Recoilless Gun3.7 cm Flak 18/36/37/43 Anti-Aircraft GunHitler Youth Knife Blade
10.5 cm Leichtgeschütz 42 Recoilless Gun3.7 cm PaK 36 Anti-Tank GunKampfmesser 42 Blade
10.5 cm SK L/60 Coastal Defense Gun38 cm Siegfried Kanone Coastal Defense GunMG 08 Machine Gun
10.5 cm leFH 16 Field Gun4.2 cm PaK 41 Anti-Tank GunMG 13 Machine Gun
10.5 cm leFH 18 Field Gun40.6 cm Schnelladekanone C/34 Adolf Coastal Defense GunMG 15 Machine Gun
10.5 cm sK 18 Field Gun5 cm PaK 38 Anti-Tank GunMG 34 Machine Gun
12 cm Granatwerfer 42 Launcher50 mm Flak 41 Anti-Aircraft GunMG 42 Machine Gun
12.8 cm FlaK 40 Anti-Aircraft Gun7.5 cm Feldkanone 16 neuer Art Field GunMP 35 Submachine Gun
15 cm Kanone 18 Field Gun7.5 cm Feldkanone 18 Field GunMP 40 Submachine Gun
15 cm Kanone in Eisenbahnlafette Railway Gun7.5 cm Feldkanone 38 Field GunMauser C96 Handgun
15 cm NbW 41 Launcher7.5 cm Feldkanone 7M85 Field GunMauser Kar98k Rifle
15 cm SK C/28 Coastal Defense Gun7.5 cm Gebirgsgeschütz 36 Field GunModel 24 Stielhandgranate Grenade
15 cm Tbts C/36 Coastal Defense Gun7.5 cm Infanteriegeschütz 42 Field GunModel 39 Eihandgranate Grenade
15 cm schwere Feldhaubitze 13 Field Gun7.5 cm Leichtgeschütz 40 Recoilless GunModel 43 Stielhandgranate Grenade
15 cm schwere Feldhaubitze 18 Field Gun7.5 cm PaK 40 Anti-Tank GunPanzerbüchse 38 Anti-Tank Rifle
15 cm schweres Infanterie Geschütz 33 Field Gun7.5 cm PaK 41 Anti-Tank GunPanzerbüchse 39 Anti-Tank Rifle
17 cm Kanone 18 Field Gun7.5 cm le.IG 18 Field GunPanzerfaust Launcher
17 cm SK L/40 Coastal Defense Gun8 cm Granatwerfer 34 LauncherParabellum P08 'Luger' Handgun
2 cm Flugabwehrkanone/Gebirgsflak/Flakvierling 38 Anti-Aircraft Gun8.8 cm FlaK 18/36/37 Anti-Aircraft GunRaketenpanzerbüchse 'Panzerschreck' Launcher
2.8 cm schwere Panzerbüchse 41 Anti-Tank Gun8.8 cm FlaK 41 Anti-Aircraft GunSauer 38H Handgun
20 mm MG-FF Oerlikon Aircraft Autocannon8.8 cm PaK 43 Anti-Tank GunStahlhelm Headgear
21 cm K 12 (E) Railway Gun80 cm Gustav Railway GunSturmgewehr 44 Rifle
21 cm Kanone 38 Field Gun8H63 Anti-Tank GunVergeltungswaffe 1 Missile
21 cm Mrs 18 Field GunEMP Submachine GunVergeltungswaffe 2 Missile
24 cm K 3 Field GunFG 42 RifleWalther P38 Handgun
24 cm Schnelladekanone Theodor Karl Railway GunGewehr 41 Rifle

Territories, Possessions, and Nations Under the Influence of Germany

Atlas Werke AGShipyard
Bergen-Belsen Concentration CampPrison Camp
Berlin Zoo Flak TowerFortification
Blohm und VossShipyard
Bremer Vulkan AGShipyard
Buchenwald Concentration CampPrison Camp
Colditz CastlePrison Camp
Dachau Concentration CampPrison Camp
Deutsche Schiff- und Maschinenbau AGShipyard
Deutsche Werft AGShipyard
Deutsche Werke GotenhafenShipyard
Deutsche Werke HamburgShipyard
Deutsche Werke KielShipyard
Elsflether Werft AGShipyard
F. Schichau ElbingShipyard
F. Schichau KönigsburgShipyard
F. Schichau PillauShipyard
Flensburger Schiffbau AGShipyard
H. C. Stülcken SohnShipyard
Hadamar Euthanasia CenterPrison Camp
Howaldtswerke HamburgShipyard
Howaldtswerke KielShipyard
Kaufering Concentration CampPrison Camp
Krupp Germania WerftShipyard
Lichterfelde BarracksArmy Base
Lubecker FlenderWerke AGShipyard
Lubecker Schiff- und Maschinenbau AGShipyard
Möhnesee DamOther
Neptun Schiffswerft und Maschinenfabrik GmbhShipyard
Nordseewerke EmdenShipyard
Oranienburg Concentration CampPrison Camp
Peenemünde Army Research CenterOther
Ravensbrück Concentration CampPrison Camp
Reich ChancelleryGovernment Building
Reichstag Building and Kroll Opera HouseGovernment Building
Reiherstieg-Schiffswerft und MaschinenfabrikShipyard
Sachsenhausen Concentration CampPrison Camp
Schiffbau Gesellschaft Unterweser GmbhShipyard
Schloß WewelsburgOther
Schweinfurt Ball Bearing FactoriesFactory
Tecklenborg Werft, GeestemundeShipyard
ZossenMilitary Headquarters


Blohm und Voss shipyard construction list, yard numbers 24 through 46, 1883-1886Blohm und Voss shipyard construction list, yard numbers 47 through 66, 1886-1889Blohm und Voss shipyard construction list, yard numbers 67 through 86, 1889-1892Blohm und Voss shipyard construction list, yard numbers 87 through 105, 1892-1894
See all 684 photographs of Germany in World War II


Earliest known shipyard plan of Rickmers shipyard, Bremerhaven, Germany, 1847Shipyard modernization plan of Rickmers shipyard, Bremerhaven, Germany, drawn in 1860Shipyard modernization plan of Rickmers shipyard, Bremerhaven, Germany, drawn in 1862; note five longitudinal slips planned and without the horizontal slipBremer Vulkan shipyard drawing, circa 1886
See all 17 maps of Germany in World War II

Germany in World War II Interactive Map

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Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Commenter identity confirmed BILL says:
20 Jun 2009 08:46:32 PM

Did you know: 17,277,180 Germans voted for the Nazi party in the democratic elections of March 1933, the last to held in Germany, until after 1945. "We have become once more true Germans." -Adolf Hitler, March 1933
2. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
11 Dec 2009 01:48:10 PM

From the end of World War I to the End of World War II, German Arms Industry was able to produce: 14,000,000 98K Rifles 1,200,000 Lugers Pistols 1,100,000 P-38 Pistols 1,000,000 MP-40 Machine Pistols 425,000 MP-44 Assault Rifles 400,000 MG-34 Machine guns 700,000 MG-42 Machine guns During World War II the Germans also captured weapons from the countries, that were invaded and occupied, adding millions of new weapons to the Wehrmacht. After World War II in the 1950's and early 1960's the US Army developed new Infantry weapons, for example the M-60 Machine gun was inspired by the MG-34 and 42 Machine guns that became the basic infantry unit machine gun. The M-16 became the basic infantry rifle
3. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
14 Dec 2009 06:21:15 PM

Next to the "Jackboot" was the "Stahlhelm" or(Steel Helmit)that made the image of the Wehrmacht. This helmit first came into use during the First World War, replacing the Pickelhaube(Spiked Helmit). After W.W.I it continued to be used by the German army between the wars. In the late 1930's the M-1935 improved model that was lighter more compact and more comfortable to ware. There was also a Fallschirmjager version designed for use by the Paratroops it was cut down, to lessen the risk of neck injuries. The M-56 originally designed in 1942, as a replacement for the M-1935 Stahlhelm However, the design did not progress during the war. The East German M-1956 was a copy of the 1942 design,and was issued to the Volkspolzei and to the East German Army. Post-War use: Germany's GSG-9 Special unit used the W.W.II Paratroop helmit. Even the old 1960's T.V. Show "Hogans Heros" had a W.W.II Officers Cap tilted slightly on a Pickelhaube Spike Helmit. After W.W.II many countries in Europe used german military equipment among them were the Stahlhelm. At one time, over 28 countries used the Stahlhelm.
4. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
15 Dec 2009 02:57:53 PM

What's a Jackboot? Any type of combat boot, that is mid-calf, and does not use any type of type of laces. The Jackboot is connected with terror and the Nazi regime, but this boot has been used by German armies in World War I, and before. During the later part of World War II with the shortage of material, short ankle boot's w/ gaiters replaced the jackboot in many German Military units. Did you know: Jackboot's have been used with British army regiments since the 18th Century, and with other foreign armies in europe ,but the Jackboot has been associated w/ Totalitarian regimes, as the former USSR and East Germany. The East German version was of poor quality and style, that some experts say, they are not worth having at any price. Hessian soldiers wore Jackboot's fighting with the British, during the American War for Independence,and the boot was used by armies through the Napolenic Wars, even General of the American Army, George Washington had a pair. Today many Motorcycle Police ware a similar version of the Jackboot. To learn more about the Jackboot, and the German Soldier Read: "JACKBOOT" by John Laffin History Press Published 2/6/04 ISBN-10 0750934786 ISBN-13 978-0750934787 Did you know: The word "Jawohl" meaning Yes, Yes Indeed or Absolutely Yes! Became so strongly associated with World War II, that it is not used in the New German Army (Heer). I would also think, that the clicking of the heels along with a hand salute, is also a big, big no, no. "JAWOHL"!.
5. Anonymous says:
30 Dec 2009 05:57:13 AM

I often used "Jawohl" (spoken: jawoll faster and louder) during my time in the German Heer. But I never clicked heels along with a hand salute. I served in the 80`s - Sorry Bill.
6. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
2 Jan 2010 05:58:58 PM

To Anonymous: 30 Dec. 2009 05:57:13 AM / #5 Thank you for your response, and I stand corrected. Glad to receive feedback and your first hand information. I can only add what information is available on the inter-net, be it fact or second-hand information. I spent time in West Germany, serving with the U.S. Seventh Army from December 1966 to September 1967,before going to South Vietnam but that's another story. Went on training operations with the West German Army, it was an interesting experience. The unit that supported us carried at that time,the Heckler & Koch G3 Assault Rifle, we used the M-14. At that time, I was stationed in Hanau the food and beer were great! It was a long time ago, over (40) years ago but, that was when I was younger, much younger. My E-mail address is:
7. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
11 Jan 2010 03:25:25 PM

What did thoses letters mean on WWII German Wehrmacht vehicles: Licence plate with letters WH (Heer) WL (Luftwaffe) WM (Kriegsmarine) SS (Waffen-SS)
8. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
11 Jun 2010 07:53:40 PM

Blood for Oil: "To fight we must have oil for our machine" -Adolf Hitler- Blitzkrieg! Poland, Low Countries and France fast victories, a Panzer division needed 1,000 gallons thats about (30) barrels of fuel per mile traveled! The Panzer troops, were the spearhead of all those early campagins However, one must remember that the Wehrmacht's panzers made up only a small part of the entire force. The German army was far from fully mechanized as much as 70% of German transport was still horse-drawn and each division had on hand 5,000 horses. To keep the oil supply moving towads the Fatherland, special teams of specialists would repair captured enemy oil fields and equipment to supply the armed forces. During the Polish campaign, one panzer division temporarity ran out of fuel, due to the shortage of trucks to keep the supply line moving. Between 1933 to 1939 German crude oil production tripled to 4.5 million barrels per year, and synthetic fuel production reached 31 million barrels per year. As WWII went on more oil was needed to supply the German armed forces, and also those of her Allies. Captured stocks of oil from the occupied countries of Europe were not enough to keep Hitler's war machine running the need for more oil reached its limit, the Wehrmacht was using half of Germany's oil reserves on the Eastern front alone. Analysis of World War II, its easy to forget the lessons learned. Today armies are fully mechanized each nation is more dependent than ever on secure lines of oil supplies. French diplomat Henri Berenger once said: "He who owns the oil, will own the world".
9. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
11 Jun 2010 10:47:23 PM

Achtung Panzer! Fuel For The War Machine A full strength division, in 1939 had 16,000 personnel, and between 135 to 209 tanks, this does not count support vehicles. As the war continued the amount of tanks per division would decrease. Example: 1st Panzer Division had 309 tanks on strength September 1, 1939. For the Invasion of Poland. By June 22, 1941 1st Panzer had only 145 tanks, for the Invasion of Russia. Fuel used by Mk IV was about one gallon per mile. German 75mm Assault Gun 0.9 miles per gallon German Half-track Sd.Kfz about 1.5 miles per gallon. The Tiger Tank in good weather conditions and terrain 1.58 gallons per mile and about 2 miles per gallon cross country. Note* These are estimates only
10. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
9 Dec 2010 06:48:28 AM

To learn more click on Events, and scroll down to Germany's Surrender. Here at ww2db Best wishes, Bill
11. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
10 Dec 2010 09:49:22 AM

DID YOU KNOW... LIVING IN FEAR: By June of 1941 about 59% of the world's population was living under Nazi Germany's rule. This includes that of its Axis partners and Neutral Countries friendly to Germany. This figure does not include the USSR before the German invasion of June 22, 1941. After the German invasion of the USSR and Baltic Countries it would cover 70% of the world's population. The main power-blocs outside of the group were Mainland China, the United States, the British Commonwealth and South America.
12. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
12 Dec 2010 02:46:24 PM

GERMAN OCCUPTION TROOPS IN EUROPE: HALT!...PAPERS PLEASE After the Victories of 1939-1940 the Germans kept troops in the Occupied countries. France 500,000 Belgium 100,000 Holland 100,000 Denmark 40,000 Norway 150,000 Balkins 200,000 GERMAN DIVISIONS IN OCCUPIED EUROPE: France, Belgium and Holland 56 Divisions Demark, Norway and Finland 19 Divisions Balkins 20 Divisions Italy 22 Divisions
13. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
12 Dec 2010 02:56:29 PM

FEEDING THE WAR MACHINE TONS OF FUEL USED PER ONE HUNDRED MILES TYPES OF TANKS IN A DIVISION 1941 Pz.II, Pz.III, Pz.IV and Pz.38 Used 22.1 Tons. 1942 Pz.III, Pz.IV Used 23.7 Tons. 1943 Pz.III, Pz.IV, Panther and Tiger Used 31.7 Tons. 1944 Pz.IV, Panther and Tiger Used 35.8 Tons
14. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
13 Dec 2010 11:20:49 AM

IT WAS A HEART BREAKER, THE SLAUGHTERHOUSE Total German combat deaths in WWII were about 3.4 million that's about 9 out of 10 German soldiers killed, died on the Eastern front. This dosen't count wounded, missing and POWs THE NUMBER OF CASUALTIES COULD BE 100 MILLION During WWII an average of 25,000 people died each day, worldwide. Estimates of the total casualities of WWII will never really be known. Many deaths went unrecorded, some sources suggest 60 million died in WWII, but that figure could go over 100 million many died as an indirect result of the war, through massacre of civilians carried out by non-military forces, bandits and raiders. Civilians died as a resut of disease, torture starvation and other cruelties carried out by both military and non-military forces. It took ten years before the last known German soldiers were released from Soviet prisons, but how many more were really left behind? An unknown number of Japanese soldiers left on the Asian mainland, disappeared without a trace! Going into Soviet captivity never to be heard from again. "Unto the lands of Man, descend the seeds of the Devil and to all the Nations of the World destruction takes root..."
15. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
14 Dec 2010 06:28:58 PM

During World War II the Germans issued captured semi-auto pistols and revolvers of the occupied countries. The semi-auto pistol is a practical firearm and the Germans looked upon the pistol as a badge of rank by both the officers and enlisted men. Just about every German officer was issued a semi-auto pistol, from staff to front-line officer. Every Hollywood movie ever made dealing with WWII has a German officer carrying a pistol next to the famous MP 40 submachine gun. Besides the semi-auto pistol, the revolver was also used by both the Allies and Axis troops. The Germans didn't issue revolvers other than the weapons captured along with semi-auto pistols that were issued to the rear-echelon ccupying forces. After the fall of France revolvers and other arms, were used to the army and police of the Vichy Government under the watchful eye of the Gestapo and the Wehrmacht. Most German soldiers would use the semiauto pistol over the revolver but, would use the revolver when semi-auto pistols could not be found.
16. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
7 Jun 2011 01:48:22 PM

Before World War II, Germany led the world in technology. 75% of all technical papers and books, were written in German. The Germans were ahead in most scientific fields and continued through WWII. Did you know: Germany took about half of the world's nobel prize by the start of WWII.
17. Janet Lutz-Smith says:
9 Aug 2011 04:39:30 PM

Do you know about forced labor In airplane factories in Leipzig, Germany about 1941? I have a Ukranian/Russian woman friend who "worked" in such a place, barely surviving on one kilogram of bread and watery soups!
18. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
19 Aug 2011 10:04:10 PM

Janet Lutz-Smith the information I have is as follows. Leipzig was attacked by Allied bombers during WWII, one company Erla Flugzeugwerke built fighters became a strategic target, with the raids continuing into February 1945. During WWII German Industry producing the weapons, used slave-labor in every area of war production. Slave-labor was also used in civilian homes and business. Throughout German-occupied Europe over 12 million people were sent to work in German Industry. Many died as a result of treatment, beatings malnutrition slave-labor made up 20% of the German work force, 2.8 million Russian workers were sent into slave-labor. BMW used between 25,000 to 30,000 slave-labor POWs, Inmates from Concentration Camps. Others were Krupp, IG Farben, Europa and over 2,000 other German Industries made a profit off slave-labor. After WWII Messerschmitt served two years in prison, for using slave-labor, POWs, inmates from concentration camps. Years later after the war,the Federal German Government is still paying reparations in the billions to the survivors. SINS OF THE FATHER... In fact the German Government is still paying for WWII how many generations will it take, before the last payment is made by a generation who took no part in a war fought long ago.
19. Anonymous says:
25 Aug 2011 09:20:56 PM

How can I find out who was issuesd a WW2 Browning 9MM (Belgium) made pistol with german marks on it? Glen
20. flo fako says:
18 Aug 2012 10:26:18 AM

Is there a way to find out about stalag7 in Musberg Germany where my brother was held as an American POW in WW2 after his plane a B17 was shot down near the Austrian Belgian border in Feb 1945? Would the German govt. have records or information now.
21. Anonymous says:
14 Sep 2012 12:24:59 PM

Musberg, Germany at the time of WWII had a popultaion of about 3000. There was no Stalag in town. However, I heard that in the woods of Echterdingen (about 10 miles away from Musberg) had some kind of camp. There is no "Austrian/Belgian border" - nor was there ever one. Both countries border Germany; Belgium in the northwest, Austria in the southeast.
22. Anonymous says:
24 Sep 2012 10:19:48 AM

is there a list of german military bases anywhere on the net please?
23. Anonymous says:
8 Jan 2013 04:47:14 AM

Besides the military vehicle license letters (WH, WL, WM and SS), what other letters were used and for what organizations?
24. Soldier's daughter says:
14 Feb 2013 12:18:32 PM

Glen, hope you still cruise by here now and then. Your email re: the Belgian Browning 9mm caught my eye. You see I am trying to find my father's. He was stationed in Germany & Paris and actually brought his home. It has been missing since about 1976. He was just talking about it recently and sharing some war stories. I'll try to get more information from my Dad and respond back. Do you have one of the pistols?
25. alan wynne jones says:
1 Mar 2014 12:49:25 PM

how can I find out how many german women became prisoners of war and if any nurses were killed with the Africa corps
26. Anonymous says:
9 Mar 2014 02:18:52 PM

How can I track down who a P38 was issued to? Is there a site I can go to that will tell that?
27. Gary Bilovesky says:
7 Jun 2014 04:39:16 PM

I am looking for information regarding a German officer who was a POW in Europe. Can't tell you where. I believe that his last name was Schmidt. He was an artist. While a prisoner, he created several chalk drawings for American Officers. I have several of his drawings and am attempting to find out information about him and his family. Do you have any advice?? Thanks!
28. Anonymous says:
15 Jul 2014 11:46:31 AM

Hi guys, Does anyone know if Germanys licensplatenumber on Heer to Kriegsmarine WWII, still is registrated in documents somewhere. I own a couple of German armycars from the war and I have the reg.number but I don´t have any idea wich unit or staff it belonged to.
29. Richard says:
26 Oct 2014 09:59:56 AM

Terrific and informative site;has given me some answers.
30. Tina says:
29 Sep 2015 11:13:55 AM

I've been told that I had a great uncle who was a doctor for the German army. I was told he died in Salerno, Italy. We've got a name of Eric (Erik) Dworak. Been looking everywhere for a list of dead german doctors. Can you help? My mother is illegitimate and german. She knew she had an uncle. Thanks for your help.
31. Jane says:
9 Dec 2016 10:29:10 AM

Looking for a German soldier that died in 1942. His name was Kurt Johannes Harzer
32. Anonymous says:
13 Dec 2016 04:11:16 PM

Given that in 1939 there were roughly 525,000 Jewish German citizens and over 1 Million Jews files claims for assistance as Germans in 1945-46 were exactly did the 6 million come from?
33. Anonymous says:
13 Dec 2016 07:54:50 PM

Looking for information on my grandfather who was a German solder. His name was Johannes Wenzel, he died September 25 1944
34. Commenter identity confirmed C. Peter Chen says:
14 Dec 2016 07:57:25 AM

Anonymous of 13 Dec 2016: Please see (USA) National WWII Museum's table for breakdown of Jews killed per country:
35. Anonymous says:
12 Jan 2017 11:36:59 PM

I have a gas mask in a container from 1941 ang the card on the inside of the lid reads Flugzeugfuhrerschu(f)*e A 28 *(not sure if that letter is an "f" top is not readable) Techn. Kompanie Gruppe I Lfde.Nr. 32 I haven't been able to find it listed as a Germany Division or Company and the closest translation I can get for Flug...Is Flying certificate/wings. Can anyone tell me anything about this company? Thanks in advance
36. Sandra Vasquez says:
5 Apr 2017 12:18:50 PM

37. eric pinto says:
18 Apr 2017 10:00:26 AM

several war graves in Vasco Church cemetery, Goa. Deaths occured with loss of vessels in Goa harbour.
38. Matteo Filippo Ponti says:
11 Aug 2017 09:27:53 AM

Where can I get info about my uncle grades and division he was in during ww2?
39. Anna says:
30 Aug 2017 09:12:50 AM

How do I find out about my aunt and father-in-law who were both in the German army?
40. Anonymous says:
20 Sep 2017 02:27:58 PM

How do I find out out about the brother's NICK family who died I
41. Benjamin Beeler says:
4 Oct 2017 08:52:27 PM

Unfortunately many, or at least most, of the German military records were destroyed shortly before the end of the war.

I myself am looking for information on my grandmother's brother, but I can find no records for the German Pioneer (combat engineer) troops.

Even more difficult when all I have are the branch he served in, his last name, and that he was born in Poland.
42. Angela Schildt says:
21 Oct 2017 05:05:59 AM

I would like to find out any information about my Grandfather Gustav Schildt. He was a German soldier in WW2 who apparently was missing in action and his body was never found. Any military records would be great.
43. Stanko Sipragic says:
26 Nov 2017 09:17:14 AM

I would like to find info about Hauptmann Adolf Mölders, who was on ex Yougoslavia battlefields . I am in posession of his Luger P 08.
44. Anonymous says:
28 Nov 2017 09:45:27 PM

Can you please tell me where I would find the names of the dead from the sinking of SS Bremerhaven off Gdansk on 31st October 1944.
Many Thanks
45. Anonymous says:
26 Dec 2017 05:17:53 PM

I am searching for information on the death (Killed in Action) of a German individual who may have died from "splinters" while serving in the "Pioneers" in Ukraine, August, 1941. I am not a relative, but am trying to learn more about this individual to honor him. He left behind at least one child and I have studied the War fought by Germans for many years. As a Vietnam veteran, combat infantryman who was wounded in action severely in 1966, I feel a common bond for men who were fighting in WW II. I had 12 relatives who fought the Germans & Japanese during WW II.
Jerry Eagan
New Mexico, USA
46. Martin George Gnandt says:
20 Jan 2018 08:15:01 AM

My father was in the German Army during WW2 ; at least he said he was.
I am looking for positive proof that he was. Your help would be greatly appreciated. His name is Johann/John Gnandt.
47. Kenneth Heubach says:
2 Feb 2018 11:06:59 AM

I'm looking for information to find out if there were any last name Heubach in the SS or waffen-ss.please contact me at
48. Heidi Smith says:
20 Feb 2018 03:29:26 AM

I got my German grandfather's war records from WW1 & 2 through this website. Two pages!
49. J. Plantier says:
12 Mar 2018 01:19:24 AM

Trying to find Karl Ude who served in the second world war. If alive he will be 85 years plus. Thank you
50. Anonymous says:
24 Apr 2018 06:49:10 AM

I few years ago I found an old army bag in a shed which contained a World War II Luftwaffe helmet.

What is the best way of finding out who it would have belonged to in the German Army?
51. Trevor Ball says:
14 May 2018 12:05:52 PM

Trying to find out if Kurt Weis born 1926 in Lübeck survived WW2. He joined LSSAH in 1944.
52. K Passieu says:
8 Jun 2018 05:22:30 AM

Looking for Karl Schwalb. Mother's brother, according to her, he was an American POW in France. Seeking verification. family only knows what my mother told. His children don't know anything and I have his Luftwaffe pictures. t
53. Anonymous says:
7 Jul 2018 10:07:12 AM

It seems impossible to confirm the identity of my natural father, although I have a photograph, was told his name was Wilhelm Kaiser, about forty or so years old, from Tubengen Germany & stationed in Deutsch-Przemysl, Poland in 1942. I have only a small portrait photo & name, no date of birth. Any suggestions or should I give it up?
54. Anonymous says:
21 Jul 2018 02:43:06 PM

Hi! I was wondering if anyone had any information about Leopold Garn? I was told that he fought with Germany in WW2 and died when he was 19. That's all I know and I would love to know more, any help would be appreciated! Thank you!
55. Shkilnyk says:
18 Sep 2018 02:26:05 PM

56. LESTER Reich says:
16 Nov 2018 02:14:28 PM

Please, My grandfather Herbert Reich served in the German military... Situated in Rothenberg at one point. I can't find any info on him. His father Leopold Reich and mother Martha Stephan.
Please can you help?
57. Christine Weissenberger says:
21 Nov 2018 12:42:43 PM


How can I access the record for my grand father hans Weissenberger
58. Anonymous says:
11 Feb 2019 10:06:12 AM

im lookin for my grandpa his name is clifford retech ritch or reich...or it spelled different....he was in the german army...after the war he lived in northern ontario canada...
59. Cliff m says:
11 Feb 2019 10:08:14 AM

im lookin for my grandpa his name is clifford retech ritch or reich...or it spelled different....he was in the german army...after the war he lived in northern ontario canada...
60. Susan says:
5 Mar 2019 03:15:24 PM

I'm looking for information about my maternal grandfather who was a German WW 2 soldier. I believe he passed away after returning from a camp in 1949. His name is Gustav Kolling and his wife's name is Adelheid Olga Erik nee Fath
61. Maria Goheen says:
11 Mar 2019 08:57:00 AM

Trying to find out when and where my uncle, Friedrich Bitzer, born in Sindlefinger, died, I believe, in 1944 at the Russian front. Looking for his birthdate as well. His parents were Karl Bitzer and Elise Dannecker Bitzer. His sister, Elisabeth Gerda Bitzer, b. 18 Oct 1929, is my mother.
62. Christopher von der Borch says:
21 Mar 2019 06:52:49 AM

I am looking hot any information about my uncle Leopold von der Borch. He was a foot soldier but came from aristocracy and should have been an officer. Born in Australia and sent to Germany to grow up. He was in the tank core and fought on the Eastern Front from Stepping on a land mine where he recouperated in his home at Schonneck
63. Thomas Sticht says:
28 Mar 2019 07:35:09 PM

Looking for military information on my grandfather Johannes Sticht, who went to the Eastern Front in WW2 and never returned. I would dearly love to find what happened to him..
64. Branko says:
29 Aug 2019 02:00:28 PM

ID - A. 14697. Stamm Kp.Ld.Schütz.Er.Batl.13 . Does anyone know the name of the soldier who carried this ID plate ???? There's his number.

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