Kfz. 305 Blitz file photo [8229]

Kfz. 305 Blitz

CountryGermany
ManufacturerAdam Opel AG
Primary RoleTransport

Contributor:

ww2dbaseIn order to standardise their vehicle fleet the German Army (which by the late 1930s had more than 100 different vehicle designs in service, leading to massive logistical difficulties), opted for a pre-war commercial truck design by Adam Opel AG of Brandenburg to become their standard cargo truck With only slight modifications to meet military requirements, the Opel Blitz would quickly become one of the most widely used Axis vehicles throughout the war years, being used in all theatres of the war and in a variety of roles. The usual body style was a flat cargo bed with a canvass cover, but others were fitted out for such roles as Field Ambulance, Mobile Workshop and Command vehicles.

ww2dbasePowered by a 3,600cc Opel six-cylinder petrol engine developing 73.5 hp (54.8 kW) driving only the twin rear wheels, the Blitz had an enclosed steel cab and wooden bodywork (although late in the war some were built out of pressed card to conserve steel), the Blitz could carry a payload of 3,000kg, or tow a load of up to 5,000kg, and although well built, suffered from being rather too complicated for reliability in the rugged conditions found on the Eastern Front.

ww2dbaseTo improve cross-country performance, from 1940, a limited number were built with four-wheel drive (under the designation "Allrad"). Additionally, in 1942-1943 a number of these trucks were converted in to half-tracks (Maultier) by replacing the rear wheels with a Carden-Loyd pattern track unit with two bogies on each side. Although these performed quite well the track units was not really designed for heavy load-bearing, and thus the payload was limited to a maximum of 2,000 kg (or 3,000 kg towed).

ww2dbaseIn total over 70,000 Opel Blitz trucks were supplied to the German Armed Forces during the war years with production only ending in 1944, when a combination of Allied bombing and ground advances resulted in the closure of the factories.

ww2dbaseSources: The Illustrated Encyclopaedia of Military Vehicles (Ian V Hogg & John Weeks,-Hamlyn, 1980), Armoured Fighting Vehicles (Philip Trewbitt, Dempsey-Parr,1999).

Last Major Revision: Aug 2009

SPECIFICATIONS

Kfz. 305 Blitz
MachineryOne Opel 3600cc 6-cylinder gasoline engine rated at 73.5hp
Crew1
Length6.02 m
Width2.26 m
Height2.17 m
Weight3.2 t
Speed80 km/h
Range410 km

Photographs

Blitz trucks being assembled at an Adam Opel AG factory in Brandenburg, Germany, 1936German servicemen from Army, Navy, and Air Force in Italy, 1943; Kfz. 305 Opel Blitz truck in backgroundOpel Blitz truck and Flakvierling 38 anti-aircraft guns of the German police in Yugoslavia, 1943Kfz. 305 Blitz truck transporting German troops, Italy, 1944
See all 5 photographs of Kfz. 305 Blitz Transport



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Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
12 Nov 2009 05:59:03 PM

During World War II German Industry produced 130,000 vehicles, built in different versions over 25,000 were built as four-wheel drive. The blitz was in development from 1931 onward it was reliable, easy to maintain, It was built as a 1.5 or 3 ton truck, a half- track version was also built. With most military equipment, it was used for other duties mounted anti-aircraft and anti- tank guns. The Opel Blitz was a jack of all trades. The production of the blitz continued after the war. I saw many different versions of the blitz in civilian livery, working the streets in West Germany during the 1960's. The best one was the beer tankers, we see fuel tankers bringing fuel to the gas stations,here in the states,in Germany they haul that great german beer!. What was the price of that beer back then, one mark, now that was a deal and you could buy yourself a steak dinner for eight marks little over two dollars. "Those were the days my friend, we thought they would never end ,we'd drink and laugh the night away"... Remember that 1960's song
2. Anonymous says:
6 Apr 2016 04:45:56 PM

In all the information I've found on Opel blitzes , they never say how many troops are transported on board
3. Charlie says:
9 Nov 2018 10:03:25 AM

The 3 ton blitz could seat 10 men in the cargo bed a 2 men in the cab.

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Kfz. 305 Blitz Transport Photo Gallery
Blitz trucks being assembled at an Adam Opel AG factory in Brandenburg, Germany, 1936
See all 5 photographs of Kfz. 305 Blitz Transport




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