Horst Böhme file photo [25884]

Horst Böhme

Given NameHorst
Born24 Aug 1909
Died10 Apr 1945


ww2dbaseHorst Böhme was born in Colmnitz, Klingenberg in the Sachsen (Saxony) region of Germany. After some years with various paramilitary Freikorps organizations, he joined the Nazi Party and its Schutzstaffel (SS) organization in 1930. In 1935, he joined the Sicherheitsdienst (SD), working in its Berlin, Germany office. On 13 or 14 Mar 1938, he murdered the German diplomat in Vienna, Austria, Wilhelm Freiherr von Ketteler, by drowning, on the orders of his superior Reinhard Heydrich. He held the rank of SS-Obersturmbannführer und Oberstleutnant der Polizei as Germany began annexing her neighbors. In the spring of 1939, he was made the chief of the Security Police for the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia in occupied Czechoslovakia. In this role, he was responsible for the closure of cultural and education institutions, the arrest of students and educators, and the deportation of Jews. In 1942, after the assassination of Heydrich, SS-Standartenführer Böhme coordinated the brutal retaliatory actions against the Czech people, including the destruction of Lidice. In Sep 1942, he was transferred to Bucharest, Romania. Between Jan and Aug 1943, as the commanding officer of Einsatzgruppe B, he was directly responsible for the murder of large numbers of civilians in the Soviet Union. Between Sep 1943 and Mar 1944, he commanded Einsatzgruppe C, again committing atrocities against civilians. In Aug 1944, he returned to Einsatzgruppe B. In Nov 1944, he was promoted to the rank of SS-Oberführer. In the final months of the war, he was in charge of the Security Police and the SD in Ostpreußen (East Prussia), Germany. He was last seen in Königsberg, Germany in Apr 1945, and was not seen again after the Soviet capture of the city. After the war, he was listed as a wanted war criminal. The District Court of Kiel of Germany declared him dead in Aug 1954, dating his death date as 10 Apr 1945.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia

Last Major Revision: Jul 2016

Horst Böhme Timeline

24 Aug 1909 Horst Böhme was born in Colmnitz, Klingenberg, Germany.
4 Jul 1934 Horst Böhme was promoted to the rank of SS-Untersturmführer.
9 Nov 1934 Horst Böhme was promoted to the rank of SS-Obersturmführer.
30 Jan 1936 Horst Böhme was promoted to the rank of SS-Hauptsturmführer.
20 Apr 1937 Horst Böhme was promoted to the rank of SS-Sturmbannführer.
13 Mar 1938 Horst Böhme murdered Wilhelm Freiherr von Ketteler in Vienna, Austria by drowning on the orders of Reinhard Heydrich.
21 Oct 1941 Horst Böhme was promoted to the rank of SS-Standartenführer.
9 Nov 1944 Horst Böhme was promoted to the rank of SS-Oberführer.
10 Apr 1945 Horst Böhme was presumed to have passed away in Königsberg, Germany on this date.
12 Aug 1954 The District Court of Kiel, Germany declared Horst Böhme to have died in Königsberg, Germany on 10 Apr 1945.


Horst Böhme, Reinhard Heydrich, and Karl von Eberstein at an opera house in Prague, Czechoslovakia, 1939-1941Prague’s top three Nazis: Horst Böhme, Reinhard Heydrich, and Karl Hermann Frank in Prague, Czechoslovakia, Sep 1941.

Did you enjoy this article or find this article helpful? If so, please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 per month will go a long way! Thank you.

Share this article with your friends:


Stay updated with WW2DB:

 RSS Feeds

Posting Your Comments on this Topic

Your Name
Your Email
 Your email will not be published
Comment Type
Your Comments
Security Code



1. We hope that visitor conversations at WW2DB will be constructive and thought-provoking. Please refrain from using strong language. HTML tags are not allowed. Your IP address will be tracked even if you remain anonymous. WW2DB site administrators reserve the right to moderate, censor, and/or remove any comment. All comment submissions will become the property of WW2DB.

2. For inquiries about military records for members of the World War II armed forces, please see our FAQ.

Search WW2DB & Partner Sites
More on Horst Böhme
Event(s) Participated:
» Lidice Massacre
» East Prussian Offensive

Horst Böhme Photo Gallery
Horst Böhme, Reinhard Heydrich, and Karl von Eberstein at an opera house in Prague, Czechoslovakia, 1939-1941
See all 2 photographs of Horst Böhme

Famous WW2 Quote
"You ask, what is our aim? I can answer in one word. It is victory. Victory at all costs. Victory in spite of all terrors. Victory, however long and hard the road may be, for without victory there is no survival."

Winston Churchill

Support Us

Please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 a month will go a long way. Thank you!

Or, please support us by purchasing some WW2DB merchandise at TeeSpring, Thank you!