List file photo [836]

Wilhelm List

Given NameWilhelm
Born14 May 1880
Died17 Aug 1971


ww2dbaseSiegmund Wilhelm List was born to a doctor. He was a veteran of WW1, serving as a staff officer in the Great War. During the inter-war years, he remained in the Germany Army and became an active member of the para-military Freikorps. In 1930, he was promoted to the rank of major general and became the head of the Dresden Infantry School. Although critical of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi policies, he remained loyal to his duty as a military officer, partly remaining true to the Prussian military tradition and partly to safeguard his career. At the eve of military conflict, he was the commander of the German 14th Army occupying Austria and Czechoslovakia. He led the 14th Army in Poland, then in the following year led the 12th Army in France. His successes in France led to the award of the rank of Field Marshal. In 1941, he led the 12th Army into Yugoslavia and Greece. In 1942, he was appointed the commander of Army Group A on the Russian Front in charge of capturing Russian oil fields in the Caucasus region. He was dismissed by Hitler on 9 Sep 1942, against the advice of his advisors, for not making the kind of progress that Hitler expected. List remained in his home in Garmish-Partenkirchen for the remainder of the war.

ww2dbaseAfter the war, List was tried and convicted for war crimes, among the many supporting arguments included documents signed by List that authorized the SS to commit atrocities against Polish Jews. He was sentenced to life imprisonment on Feb 1948, but was released in Dec 1952 for health reasons.

ww2dbaseSources: Spartacus Educational, Wikipedia.

Last Major Revision: May 2006

Wilhelm List Interactive Map

Wilhelm List Timeline

14 May 1880 Wilhelm List was born.
13 Oct 1939 General Wilhelm List was named the commanding officer of the German 12th Army.
17 Aug 1971 Wilhelm List passed away.


Adolf Hitler with newly appointed Field Marshals, Kroll Opera House, Berlin, Germany, 19 Jul 1940Wilhelm List receiving his indictment during the Hostage Trial, N├╝rnberg, Germany, 12 May 1947; note Maximilian von Weichs next to ListDefendants of the Hostages Trial during the Nuremberg Trials, N├╝rnberg, Germany, 1947-1948

Did you enjoy this article or find this article helpful? If so, please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 per month will go a long way! Thank you.

Share this article with your friends:


Stay updated with WW2DB:

 RSS Feeds

Posting Your Comments on this Topic

Your Name
Your Email
 Your email will not be published
Comment Type
Your Comments
Security Code



1. We hope that visitor conversations at WW2DB will be constructive and thought-provoking. Please refrain from using strong language. HTML tags are not allowed. Your IP address will be tracked even if you remain anonymous. WW2DB site administrators reserve the right to moderate, censor, and/or remove any comment. All comment submissions will become the property of WW2DB.

2. For inquiries about military records for members of the World War II armed forces, please see our FAQ.

Search WW2DB & Partner Sites
More on Wilhelm List
Event(s) Participated:
» Invasion of Poland
» Invasion of France and the Low Countries
» Balkans Campaign
» Operation Barbarossa
» Caucasus Campaign
» Nuremberg Trials and Other Trials Against Germany

Wilhelm List Photo Gallery
Adolf Hitler with newly appointed Field Marshals, Kroll Opera House, Berlin, Germany, 19 Jul 1940
See all 3 photographs of Wilhelm List

Famous WW2 Quote
"Among the men who fought on Iwo Jima, uncommon valor was a common virtue."

Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, 16 Mar 1945

Support Us

Please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 a month will go a long way. Thank you!

Or, please support us by purchasing some WW2DB merchandise at TeeSpring, Thank you!