Hornisse/Nashorn file photo [9455]

Hornisse/Nashorn

CountryGermany
ManufacturerDeutsche-Eisenwerke AG
Primary RoleTank Destroyer

Contributor:

ww2dbaseHornisse ("Hornet") tank destroyers were developed by the German firm Altmärkische Kettenwerke GmbH (Alkett) by matching lengthened hulls of Panzer III tanks and 8.8-centimeter Panzerabwehrkanone (PaK) 43/1 guns. They were presented to Adolf Hitler for approval in Oct 1942, and after securing permission, production began in early 1943. Due to the weight of the large guns, the designers had to sacrifice some armor plating, thus they were open-topped, while the superstructure armor that protected the gun crews were only thick enough to guard against blast and small arms fire. In mid-1943, a variant design was completed and put into production; although changes were minute, Hitler proceeded with giving the variant a new designation, Nashorn ("Rhinoceros"; pronounced nahz-horn), in 1944.

ww2dbaseThe Hornisse/Nashorn tank destroyers were extremely effective as tank killers, particularly with tungsten carbide-cored ammunition that could penetrate 190-millimeter of rolled steel armor at a 30-degree angle of impact. They could also achieve this at a distance of 1,000 meters, which meant that they were able to hit enemy tanks at a greater range than the enemy tanks' guns. They first saw combat during the Battle of Kursk, where the open field suited them well.

ww2dbaseBy the end of the war, 494 Hornisse/Nashorn tank destroyers were built between early 1943 and early 1945, with the majority being built in 1943.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia.

Last Major Revision: Feb 2010

SPECIFICATIONS

Hornisse/Nashorn
MachineryOne Maybach HL 120 TRM Ausf A. 11.9L V-12 gasoline engine rated at 300hp
SuspensionLeaf spring
Armament1x88mm PaK 43/1 L/71 anti-tank gun, 1x7.92mm machine gun
Armor30mm hull front, 20mm hull sides/rear, 15mm hull top/bottom, 15mm superstructure
Crew4
Length8.44 m
Width2.95 m
Height2.65 m
Weight24.0 t
Speed42 km/h
Range235 km

Photographs

Camouflaged German Army Hornisse/Nashorn tank destroyer, Italy, 1944, photo 1 of 2Camouflaged German Army Hornisse/Nashorn tank destroyer, Italy, 1944, photo 2 of 2A column of German Hornisse/Nashorn tank destroyers on a road, Russia, Jan-Feb 1944, photo 1 of 2A column of German Hornisse/Nashorn tank destroyers on a road, Russia, Jan-Feb 1944, photo 2 of 2
See all 21 photographs of Hornisse/Nashorn Tank Destroyer



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Hornisse/Nashorn Tank Destroyer Photo Gallery
Camouflaged German Army Hornisse/Nashorn tank destroyer, Italy, 1944, photo 1 of 2
See all 21 photographs of Hornisse/Nashorn Tank Destroyer




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