23 Mar 1942
  • American blimp mis-identified and bombed American submarine USS Gato off San Francisco Bay, California, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-124 sank US tanker Naeco 65 miles southeast of Cape Fear, North Carolina, United States at 1023 hours; 24 were killed, 14 survived. In the afternoon, U-754 sank British tanker British Prudence 50 miles south of Newfoundland at 1531 hours; 3 were killed, 47 survived. In the Souther Atlantic, German armed merchant cruiser Thor stopped Greek freighter Pagasitikos, forced the 33 aboard to abandon ship, and sank the freighter with a torpedo. After sundown, Italian submarine Morosini sank British tanker Peder Bogen with torpedoes and gunfire; all 53 aboard survived. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | CPC]
  • Troops of Japanese 18th Infantry Division landed at Port Blair, Andaman Islands in the Indian Ocean. The garrison of 300 Sikh militia and 23 British officers did not oppose the invasion. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • Hitler ordered a build up of defenses in coastal areas. ww2dbase [CPC]
Australian Papua
  • 19 Japanese Type 1 bombers from Rabaul, New Britain attacked Seven Mile airfield near Port Moresby, Australian Papua at 1330 hours (Kittyhawk fighters failed to scramble in time to intercept the bombers), followed by strafing by four Zero fighters at 1420 hours (one shot down by anti-aircraft fire). ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Chinese troops held the Japanese attacks in check near Oktwin, Burma, but withdrew toward Taungoo after sundown. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Mediterranean Sea
  • German aircraft sank British transport Clan Campbell and damaged transport Breconshire of Allied convoy MW10. The remaining two transports, Pampas and Talabot, reached Malta by the end of the day. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Intelligence experts at US Navy Station CAST at Corregidor, Philippine Islands tentatively linked the Japanese Navy code name AF to Midway Atoll. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • US Secretary of Navy Frank Knox designated the new Marine Corps Training Area at Santa Margarita Ranch in California, United States as Camp Joseph H. Pendleton. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Mar 1942
A Japanese-American farmer and his daughter taking a look of their strawberry farm before being relocated, Bainbridge Island, Washington, United States, 23 Mar 1942Three PBY-5A Catalinas of Patrol Squadron VP-73 approaching Reykjavík, Iceland, 23 Mar 1942. Note the red and white rudder stripes that were authorized for barely four months.

23 Mar 1942 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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"Among the men who fought on Iwo Jima, uncommon valor was a common virtue."

Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, 16 Mar 1945