12 Jul 1942
  • Cruiser Köln arrived at Oslo, Norway. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Permit began her sixth war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Seadragon sank Japanese transport Himaya Maru off Cam Ranh Bay, French Indochina. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Volkov pocket was eliminated by the German troops, with over 30,000 prisoners taken, including General Andrey Vlasov. ww2dbase [TH]
  • German submarine U-129 sank US ship Tachirá 50 miles southwest of Grand Cayman island; 5 were killed, 33 survived. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allied convoy OS-33 was attacked by a German submarine wolfpack 500 kilometers west of Madeira archipelago, with U-116 sinking British ship Cortona (0022 hours; 31 were killed, 23 survived) and British ship Shaftesbury (0945 hours; all 45 aboard survived), U-201 sinking British ship Cortona (shard credit with U-116) and British ship Siris (0413 hours; 3 were killed, 52 survived), and U-582 sinking New Zealand patrol craft HMNZS ML-1090 and British ship Port Hunter (0147 hours; 88 were killed, 3 survived). ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Italian submarine Alagi sank Turkish vessel Antares in the Mediterranean Sea. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British submarine HMS Safari sank Italian sailing ship Adda in the Gulf of Orosei, Sardinia, Italy. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German 104th Infantry Regiment attacked Allied troops in the Tel el Eisa ridge region near El Alamein, Egypt; the German attack was driven off after it suffered 600 casualties. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Indian Ocean
  • Japanese armed merchant cruisers Aikoku Maru and Hokoku Maru sank New Zealand freighter Hauraki in the Mozambique Channel. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Soviet high command STAVKA formed the Stalingrad Front out of the Southwest Front; it was placed under the command of Marshal Timoshenko. ww2dbase [TH]
United States
  • Attorney James Purcell filed a habeas corpus petition in the federal district court in San Francisco, California, United States, seeking the release of Mitsuye Endo, who was being held at the Tule Lake War Relocation Center in Newell, California, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Jul 1942
PT-105 and two other torpedo boats of US Navy Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron Five running at high speed during exercises off the US east coast, 12 Jul 1942Soviet lieutenant (possibly A. G. Yeremenko of 220th Rifle Regiment of Soviet 4th Rifle Division) waving a TT-33 pistol, Voroshilovgrad region, Ukraine, 12 Jul 194225-pounder gun of Australian 2/8th Field Regiment near El Alamein, Egypt, 12 Jul 1942USS Enterprise berthed on the north side of Ford Island in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, 12 Jul 1942. Note the submarine nets, the F4F Wildcat on an aircraft barge alongside, and the camouflaged buildings on the island.

12 Jul 1942 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"All right, they're on our left, they're on our right, they're in front of us, they're behind us... they can't get away this time."

Lt. Gen. Lewis B. "Chesty" Puller, at Guadalcanal