23 Aug 1937
  • Near Santander, the Basque forces in the Spanish Republican army surrendered to General Ettore Bastico, and seeing that further resistance was impossible, Ulibarri abandoned his remaining troops and flew to safety in France. This left Santander, the objective of the Spanish Nationalist offensive, nearly defenseless. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • Mutsu arrived at Shanghai, China and disembarked 2,000 troops of the Japanese Army 11th Division. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Japanese reconnaissance aircraft scouted Jiangyin, Jiangsu Province, China at 1100 hours. At 1400 hours, 9 Type 92 attack aircraft and 3 Type 95 fighters of the Japanese 12th Air Fleet attacked Jiangyin with the purpose of drawing fire from the defenses; shortly after, 12 Type 94 bombers, 14 Type 96 bombers, and 8 carrier aircraft from Kaga attacked the primary target Chinese light cruiser Pinghai, scoring three bomb hits and sinking the ship in shallow waters. At 1400 hours, 38 Japanese aircraft attacked Ninghai from three directions, hitting the light cruiser three times, wounding Captain Chen Hongtai in the legs. Chen attempted to move Ninghai up river away from the action, but she gave in to her wounds near Bawei harbor, sinking by the stern in shallow waters. Ninghai suffered 62 casualties on this day, but claimed 4 Japanese aircraft shot down. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Liu Cuigang claimed a Japanese A4N biplane fighter from carrier Ryujo over eastern Shanghai, China at 0730 hours; the heavily damaged A4N fighter would return to Ryujo successfully, however. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Yuan Baokang, flying a Hawk III fighter, damaged an A4N biplane fighter from carrier Ryujo over Liuhe near Shanghai, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Wong Sun-sui, flying a P-26 fighter, shot down a Japanese A4N fighter near Chongming Island north of Shanghai, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Paul Wenneker stepped down as a naval attaché at the German embassy in Tokyo, Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

23 Aug 1937 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"With Germany arming at breakneck speed, England lost in a pacifist dream, France corrupt and torn by dissension, America remote and indifferent... do you not tremble for your children?"

Winston Churchill, 1935