12 Sep 1945

  • Japanese forces (along with Indian National Army units still attached to the Japanese Army) in Burma surrendered. ww2dbase [Japan's Surrender | CPC]
  • In an attempt to remove the money issued by the war-time Japanese puppet government based in Nanjing from circulation, the Chinese government announced the puppet money's abolition. Holders of puppet currency could exchange for legal currency at the impossible rate of 200 to 1, which effectively rendered puppet currency nearly worthless overnight. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Hajime Sugiyama committed suicide by shooting himself four times in the chest with a revolver in his office in Tokyo, Japan. His wife also killed herself. ww2dbase [Hajime Sugiyama | Tokyo | CPC]
  • Allied South East Asia Command announced that the Malayan People's Anti-Japanese Army non-operational, thus any further reprisals and executions against war-time collaborators would become illegal. ww2dbase [CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Portland departed Guam en route Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. ww2dbase [Portland | Guam | DS]
  • The Japanese forces on Singapore officially surrendered to Louis Mountbattan of Allied South East Asia Command at the City Hall. Field Marshal Hisaichi Terauchi was unable to attend the ceremony due to health reasons, thus Seishiro Itagaki of Japanese 7th Area Army stood in as the alternate representative. ww2dbase [Japan's Surrender | Seishiro Itagaki | Singapore | CPC]
United States
  • The personnel of US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 held a reunion at Naval Air Station Alameda in California, United States, where the recently liberated prisoner of war Gregory Boyington would see his former squadron mates for the first time since he became captured. The Chance Vought corporation paid for the dinner at the nearby St. Francis Hotel. ww2dbase [Alameda, California | CPC]
  • Destroyer USS Shaw arrived at the New York Navy Yard, Brooklyn, New York and began her deactivation overhaul. ww2dbase [New York Navy Yard | Shaw | Brooklyn, New York | DS]
Photo(s) dated 12 Sep 1945
Recently freed internees of Stanley Internment Camp purchasing newspapers, Hong Kong, 12 Sep 1945Supreme Allied Commander South East Asia Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten delivering an address at the Municipal Building, Singapore, 12 Sep 1945, photo 1 of 2; note William Slim, Raymond Wheeler, and Keith ParkLouis Mountbatten reading surrender terms to Japanese representatives at the surrender ceremony at Municipal Building, Singapore, 12 Sep 1945Louis Mountbatten at the surrender ceremony, Municipal Building, Singapore, 12 Sep 1945, photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 12 Sep 1945

12 Sep 1945 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Winston Churchill, 1935

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