17 Sep 1945

  • Nationalist Chinese forces re-entered Beiping, China. ww2dbase [Beiping | AC]
  • In violation of the Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Alliance signed only one month prior, the Soviet Union invited Chinese Communist forces to take control of various parts of the Inner Mongolia region of China. ww2dbase [CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • The second large pro-independence rally was held in the city of Surabaya in eastern Java, Dutch East Indies. ww2dbase [Surabaya, Java | CPC]
  • Ethnic tensions between Indonesians and Chinese broke out in violence in Medan and Pematang Siantar in northern Sumatra, Indonesia. While ethnic Indonesians largely wanted independence from the Dutch, they feared that the ethnic Chinese would betray them by siding with the Dutch when the colonial administration would return. ww2dbase [Sumatra | CPC]
French Indochina
  • In Laos, French Indochina, King Sisavang Vong of Luang Phrabang rejected the pro-independence measures announced by Prince Ratanavongsa Phetsarath two days prior. ww2dbase [Ratanavongsa Phetsarath | Luang Phrabang, Laos | CPC]
  • Joseph Kramer, Camp Commandant at Belsen, and 44 other SS officers were put on trial at L√ľneburg, Germany for mass murders at Belsen and Auschwitz. Kramer and 10 others were sentenced to hang, while others received prison sentences. ww2dbase [Nuremberg Trials and Other Trials Against Germany | AC]
  • Shigeru Yoshida was named the Foreign Minister of Japan. ww2dbase [Shigeru Yoshida | CPC]
  • The Makurazaki Typhoon hit Japan, killing more than 2,000 people and flooding large areas. Flood waters brought radiation-free topsoil and sand to the devastated cities destroyed by the American atom bomb attacks. ww2dbase [Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki | AC]
  • US Army took control of the Japanese Army base in Busan (Pusan), Korea and soon renamed it Camp Hialeah. ww2dbase [Busan Base | Busan, Gyeongsangnam | CPC]
Panama Canal Zone
  • USS Whale departed the Panama Canal Zone. ww2dbase [Whale | CPC]
  • Former Thai Ambassador to the United States Seni Pramoj became the Prime Minister of Thailand, appointed by the pro-Allied Regent Pridi Phanomyong. ww2dbase [Bangkok | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Sep 1945
Recently liberated (by Australian troops) Chinese prisoners of war originally of Chinese 88th Division, New Britain, Territory of New Guinea, 17 Sep 1945Japanese Maj. General Michio Uno of the 37th Army lays down his sword at the feet of Australian Army Lt Colonel Ewan Murray Robson at Bandjermasin, Borneo, 17 Sep 1945.Koryu Type D submarines in an assembly shed at the Mitsubishi shipyard, Nagasaki, Japan, 17 Sep 1945

17 Sep 1945 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"No bastard ever won a war by dying for his country. You win the war by making the other poor dumb bastard die for his country!"

George Patton, 31 May 1944

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