16 Oct 1945
  • Japanese physicist Yoshio Nishina sought permission from the American occupation administration to use his two cyclotrons for biological and medical research. The request was granted, but orders from United States Secretary of War Robert Patterson dated 10 Nov would have all cyclotrons in Japan destroyed on 24 Nov. ww2dbase [Yoshio Nishina | CPC]
  • Du Yuming was relieved as the commanding officer of Kunming, Yunnan Province, China. ww2dbase [Du Yuming | Kunming, Yunnan | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • Vice President Mohammad Hatta of Indonesia issued Proclamation X, changing the country from a presidential system to a parliamentary system. The proclamation established the Working Committee of the KNIP (Komite Nasional Indonesia Pusat, or Central National Committee of Indonesia) to fill the role of the nation's legislation branch of government until legislators could be elected. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Australian troops and Dutch officials entered Pontianak, Borneo, Dutch East Indies. The population, mostly Chinese in ethnicity, greated the liberators with Chinese national flags rather than the Dutch tricolor. ww2dbase [Pontianak, Borneo | CPC]
  • Korean nationalist leader Rhee Syngman, after decades of exile, returned to Korea via Douglas MacArthur's personal transport aircraft. ww2dbase [CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • Light carrier Hosho arrived at Wotje, Marshall Islands and embarked 700 Japanese military servicemen. She departed for Eniwetok, Marshall Islands later on the same day. ww2dbase [Hosho | Wotje | CPC]
United States Photo(s) dated 16 Oct 1945
Battleship Mississippi in the Mississippi River en route to New Orleans, Louisiana, 16 Oct 1945USS Canberra underway off Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 16 Oct 1945Plate 9-2, Annex B, of Takeo KuritaPlate 9-1, Annex A, of Takeo Kurita
See all photos dated 16 Oct 1945

16 Oct 1945 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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