Oranienburg Concentration Camp file photo [27145]

Oranienburg Concentration Camp

Type   Prison Camp
Historical Name of Location   Oranienburg, Mark Brandenburg, Germany


ww2dbaseOranienburg Concentration Camp, located north of Berlin, Germany, was established at a non-functioning factory in Mar 1933. It was the first concentration camp established by the German Nazi regime. Its first inmates were generally political opponents (largely communists and social democrats), but a number of homosexuals and other "undesirables" were also imprisoned at Oranienburg. The prisoners were often employed as forced laborers for the town of Oranienburg. While it was initially a SA (Sturmabteilung) facility, it was taken over by the SS (Schutzstaffel) on 4 Jul 1934 after the bloody struggle between the SA and the SS which ended in SS victory. In 1936, Oranienburg Concentration Camp closed as the nearby and larger Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp began operations. At the time of its closing, the prison camp had a population of over 3,000. 16 prisoners died at Oranienburg Concentration Camp.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia

Last Major Update: Oct 2017

Oranienburg Concentration Camp Interactive Map

Oranienburg Concentration Camp Timeline

22 Feb 1933 Initial plans were made for a detention camp in Oranienburg, Germany.
12 Mar 1933 Oranienburg north of Berlin, Germany became the site of the first German concentration camp.
30 Jun 1934 Oranienburg Concentration Camp in Germany was transferred under the jurisdiction of the German justice department.
4 Jul 1934 The Nazi SS organization assumed control of Oranienburg Concentration Camp in Germany.


German SA men with political prisoners at Oranienburg Concentration Camp, Brandenburg, Germany, Aug 1933Political prisoners at Oranienburg Concentration Camp, Brandenburg, Germany, Aug 1933Rudolf Diels reviewing prisoners at Oranienburg Concentration Camp, Germany, 18 Dec 1933Prisoners at work, Oranienburg Concentration Camp, Germany, 1933-1934
See all 8 photographs of Oranienburg Concentration Camp

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Modern Day Location
WW2-Era Place Name Oranienburg, Mark Brandenburg, Germany
Lat/Long 52.7493, 13.2367
Oranienburg Concentration Camp Photo Gallery
German SA men with political prisoners at Oranienburg Concentration Camp, Brandenburg, Germany, Aug 1933
See all 8 photographs of Oranienburg Concentration Camp

Famous WW2 Quote
"All right, they're on our left, they're on our right, they're in front of us, they're behind us... they can't get away this time."

Lt. Gen. Lewis B. "Chesty" Puller, at Guadalcanal