Vittorio Emannuelle file photo [1047]

Vittorio Emanuele III

Given NameVittorio
Born11 Nov 1869
Died28 Dec 1947


ww2dbaseBorn to King Umberto I of Italy, Vittorio Emanuele III became the King of Italy on 29 Jul 1900. His name was anglicized as Victor Emmanuel III. Although he devoted his early career as monarch to his own form of democracy, his 1922 appointment of Benito Mussolini to the position of prime minister sabotaged most of his own efforts. Mussolini transformed the Italian government to a totalitarian leadership. His supporters claimed that the king appointed the fascist to a position of power because it, at the time, was the best for the welfare of the Italian people. Considering the years of political instability in Italy, some argued that Vittorio Emanuele was a favorable short-term alternative. The rise of Mussolini, however, also effectively ended the king's actual authority over his country, rendering Vittorio Emanuele into a puppet figure.

ww2dbaseOn 5 May 1935, Mussolini succeeded in conquering the Empire of Abyssinia, and four days later he crowned his puppet king as the Emperor of Abyssinia, though not all nations in the world acknowledged this title. On 5 May 1941, Vittorio Emanuele renounced this title after Abyssinia was liberated by British troops. Similarly, he was crowned King of Albania in 1939, but many governments challenged the legitimacy of the title. Despite Vittorio Emanuele's popularity early during WW2, his popular support slowly waned as Italy's position in the war turned for the worse. His lack of opposition for Mussolini's anti-Semitic laws caused him to lose support among Jewish military officers and many citizens, while fleeing Rome in 1943 in the face of Allied advance marked the end of any kind of popular support for him.

ww2dbaseAfter the war ended for Italy, Vittorio Emanuele was well aware of the lack of support for his reign; as a result, he yielded his authority to Crown Prince Umberto by granting him the title of Lieutenant General of the Realm. On 9 May 1946, he abdicated the throne, and crowned Prince Umberto as King Umberto II, who would become the last king of Italy. Vittorio Emanuele was widely criticized for Italian monarchists for his failure in the handling of the Fascist downfall, which led to the end of monarchy in Italy as the form of government.

ww2dbaseVittorio Emanuele passed away in 1947.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia.

Last Major Revision: Dec 2005

Vittorio Emanuele III Timeline

11 Nov 1869 Vittorio Emanuele III was born.
8 Aug 1943 King Vittorio Emanuele III decreed that Italy was under a state of siege.
12 Apr 1944 Realizing his earlier support of Mussolini's government was viewed with suspicion by the Allies, King Vittorio Emanuele III of Italy transferred most of his power to Crown Prince Umberto, though he held on to the throne.
28 Dec 1947 Vittorio Emanuele III passed away.


Portrait of King Vittorio Emanuele III of Italy, 1928King Vittorio Emannuelle III of Italy inspecting new Re.2005 Sagittario fighters of the 362nd Squadron, date unknown

Did you enjoy this article or find this article helpful? If so, please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 per month will go a long way! Thank you.

Share this article with your friends:


Stay updated with WW2DB:

 RSS Feeds

Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Anonymous says:
6 Sep 2018 10:57:28 AM

I have required an original signed document from Villorio Emanuele 111 and Mussolini dated 1939.
I would like more information on this document if you can help me.

All visitor submitted comments are opinions of those making the submissions and do not reflect views of WW2DB.

Posting Your Comments on this Topic

Your Name
Your Email
 Your email will not be published
Comment Type
Your Comments
Security Code



1. We hope that visitor conversations at WW2DB will be constructive and thought-provoking. Please refrain from using strong language. HTML tags are not allowed. Your IP address will be tracked even if you remain anonymous. WW2DB site administrators reserve the right to moderate, censor, and/or remove any comment. All comment submissions will become the property of WW2DB.

2. For inquiries about military records for members of the World War II armed forces, please see our FAQ.

Search WW2DB & Partner Sites
More on Vittorio Emanuele III
» No. 122 & 123: Message from the President of the United States of America to His Majesty the King of Italy

Vittorio Emanuele III Photo Gallery
Portrait of King Vittorio Emanuele III of Italy, 1928
See all 2 photographs of Vittorio Emanuele III

Famous WW2 Quote
"Since peace is now beyond hope, we can but fight to the end."

Chiang Kaishek, 31 Jul 1937

Support Us

Please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 a month will go a long way. Thank you!

Or, please support us by purchasing some WW2DB merchandise at TeeSpring, Thank you!