12 Apr 1944
  • The last of the convoys carrying Spanish volunteers of the recently disbanded German Army "Blue Legion" arrived in Spain. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The Soviet demands for peace were rejected by Finland. ww2dbase [TH]
  • American troops cleared Pak Island off New Guinea. ww2dbase [New Guinea-Papua Campaign, Phase 3 | CPC]
  • Realizing his earlier support of Mussolini's government was viewed with suspicion by the Allies, King Vittorio Emanuele III of Italy transferred most of his power to Crown Prince Umberto, though he held on to the throne. ww2dbase [Vittorio Emanuele III | CPC]
  • U-821 completed her first war patrol. ww2dbase [U-821 | CPC]
  • USS Finback attacked a six-ship Japanese convoy escorted by three patrol vessels east of Philippine Islands, firing 9 torpedoes and reporting 5 hits; she was then counterattacked with depth charges. ww2dbase [Finback | CPC]
  • USS Seahorse assumed lifeguard station duty for US aircraft attacking Saipan, Mariana Islands. ww2dbase [Seahorse | CPC]
  • Joseph Stalin signed the Soviet Stavka order to reform Western Front into 2nd and 3rd Byelorussian Fronts due to incapable leadership of the Western Front; the top officers of the Western Front were surprisingly not reprimanded seriously and were placed in other important positions. ww2dbase [Joseph Stalin | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler authorized the withdrawal of German and Romanian forces from Sevastopol, Russia, but his delay in this decision caused heavier losses than necessary. ww2dbase [TH]
Japan Romania Russia
  • More than 61,000 German and Romanian troops began evacuation from the Crimea in Russia. ww2dbase [Krym | AC]
  • Escort carrier USS Bogue and her task group arrived at Port of Spain, Trinidad. ww2dbase [Bogue | DS]
Photo(s) dated 12 Apr 1944
FM-2 Wildcat prepared to land on USS Core in the North Atlantic, 12 Apr 1944FM-2 Wildcat catapulted off of USS Core, North Atlantic, 12 Apr 1944A German Luftwaffe paratrooper assault team in the mountains of northern Italy, 12 Apr 1944; note MP 40 submachine guns, grenades, and a flamethrower

12 Apr 1944 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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James Forrestal, Secretary of the Navy, 23 Feb 1945

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