|Born||18 Feb 1913|
|Died||24 Oct 1996|
Contributor: C. Peter Chen
ww2dbaseArtur Axmann was born in Hagen, Germany in 1913. In 1928, he founded the first Hitler Youth group in Westfalen, Germany. After studying law, he became a leader in Nazi Party youth organizations. In 1933, he was named the chief of the Social Office of the Reich Youth Leadership, playing a role in vocational training and party philosophy indoctrination of boys. In May 1940, he served in the military in France. In Aug 1940, he succeeded Baldur von Schirach as the Reichsjugendf├╝hrer, or Reich Youth Leader, of the Nazi Party. In 1941, he served in the military on the Soviet front, where he was wounded in action, losing an arm in the process. After recovery, he resumed his role as a leader of Hitler Youth. In the closing weeks of the war, he commanded Hitler Youth units within the Volkssturm para-military organization east of Berlin, Germany. Axmann was among the few present in Adolf Hitler's bunker during the final days of Hitler's life; hours before Hitler's suicide, Axmann received Hitler's permission to make an attempt to lead as many Hitler Youth troops out of the city as possible. Axmann left the bunker on 1 May 1945 and was able to cross the River Spree at the Weidendammer Bridge. He avoided capture after the war until Dec 1945, when he was found living under the alias Erich Siewert. He was sentenced to a 39-month prison term. After his release, he worked in sales and became wealthy by the time of his retirement. He passed away in Berlin, Germany in 1996.
Last Major Revision: Jul 2013
Artur Axmann Interactive Map
Artur Axmann Timeline
|18 Feb 1913||Artur Axmann was born in Hagen, Germany.|
|4 Jan 1944||Artur Axmann was awarded the German Order.|
|1 May 1945||Artur Axmann departed from Adolf Hitler's bunker in Berlin, Germany.|
|19 Aug 1958||Artur Axmann was fined 35,000 German Marks by a court in West Berlin, Germany for indoctrinating German boys with Nazi Party ideology.|
|24 Oct 1996||Artur Axmann passed away in Berlin, Germany.|
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