Independence file photo [1433]

Independence

CountryUnited States
Ship ClassIndependence-class Light Carrier
Builder NameNew York Shipbuilding Corp., Camden, New Jersey, United States
Laid Down1 May 1941
Launched22 Aug 1942
Commissioned14 Jan 1943
Decommissioned28 Aug 1946
Sunk26 Jan 1951
Displacement11,000 tons full
Length623 feet
Beam72 feet
Draft26 feet
MachineryGeneral Electric geared turbines with four screws
Power Output100,000 SHP
Speed31 knots
Crew1569
Armament24x40mm, 22x20mm anti-aircraft
Armor5
Aircraft30

Contributor:

ww2dbaseUSS Independence (CVL-22) was the lead ship of her class of nine light carriers. She was originally laid down as the light cruiser Amsterdam, but was converted before launching. After her shakedown cruise in the Caribbean, she sailed to the Pacific and participated in operations against operations at Marcus, Wake, Rabaul, and the landing at the Gilbert Islands. At the Gilberts she was damaged by a torpedo on 20 Nov 1943 and returned to the US for repairs. In Jul 1944 she returned to active rosters and participated in the actions at Palau in Sep 1944. She later saw actions off Philippines and Okinawa, including participating in the Battle of Leyte Gulf in Oct 1944. After a brief period of refitting, she took part in the aerial bombardment of the Japanese home islands.

ww2dbaseAfter the war, she helped transporting American troops back to the United States. On Jul 1946 she was badly damaged as a target in atomic bomb tests at Bikini Islands. Her radioactive hull became a subject of radiological research and was scuttled off California, United States in Jan 1951. Her wreck was found in 2015.

ww2dbaseSource: Naval Historical Center.

Last Major Revision: Jan 2006

Light Carrier Independence Interactive Map

Independence Operational Timeline

14 Jan 1943 Independence was commissioned into service.
5 Nov 1943 USS Independence arrived at Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides.
28 Aug 1946 Independence was decommissioned from service.
26 Jan 1951 USS Independence was scuttled about 30 miles (about 50 kilometers) off Half Moon Bay, California, United States. The wreck would be discovered by the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in 2015.

Photographs

Independence soon after completion, circa early 1943Light Carrier USS Independence in port, 1943Carrier Independence under construction at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States, 11 Jul 1943; note hulls of submarines Spadefish and Trepang nearbyIndependence off Mare Island Navy Yard, 13 Jul 1943, photo 1 of 3
See all 13 photographs of Light Carrier Independence



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Visitor Submitted Comments

1. John G. Lambert says:
7 Apr 2013 09:02:46 AM

For more detailed information, link to a Non-fiction book on the ship is: http://www.ussindependencecvl22.com/

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More on Independence
Event(s) Participated:
» Solomon Islands Campaign
» Gilbert Islands Campaign
» Philippines Campaign, Phase 1, the Leyte Campaign
» Typhoon Cobra
» Raid into the South China Sea
» Preparations for Invasion of Japan

Light Carrier Independence Photo Gallery
Independence soon after completion, circa early 1943
See all 13 photographs of Light Carrier Independence




Famous WW2 Quote
"The raising of that flag on Suribachi means a Marine Corps for the next 500 years."

James Forrestal, Secretary of the Navy, 23 Feb 1945