|Ship Class||Independence-class Light Carrier|
|Builder||New York Shipbuilding Corp., Camden, NJ|
|Laid Down||26 Oct 1942|
|Launched||26 Sep 1943|
|Commissioned||15 Dec 1943|
|Decommissioned||1 Mar 1947|
|Displacement||11,000 tons full|
|Machinery||General Electric geared turbines with four screws|
|Power Output||100,000 SHP|
|Armament||24x40mm Bofors guns, 22x20mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft cannons|
Contributor: C. Peter Chen
ww2dbaseOriginally laid down as the light cruiser Newark, it was decided that the hull was to be completed as carrier Reprisal. On 30 Jan 1943, she was renamed San Jacinto. Her first commander was Captain Harold M. Martin. She had her shakedown cruise in the Caribbean Sea and then sailed for Pearl Harbor for combat duty. As a member as Task Force 58/38, she participated in raids against Japanese bases at Wake Island and Marcus Island, among others. In Jun 1944, she participated in the Marianas campaign; her gunner shot down a number of Japanese aircraft during the Battle of the Philippine Sea while her aircraft struck at Japanese surface ships. In the same campaign, her aircraft also raided Japanese positions at Guam. In Jul and Aug 1944, her aircraft struck the Palau Islands, Chichi Jima, Haha Jima, and Iwo Jima. In Oct 1944, San Jacinto sent bombers and reconnaissance aircraft over Okinawa, attacking Japanese positions as well as furnishing intelligence photographs that would become valuable for the upcoming invasion. In the same month, she also launched strike against Taiwan and Luzon, supporting the American invasion of the Philippines. At the Philippines, her aircraft played a part in the tactical victory at the Battle of Sibuyan Sea and the Battle off Cape EngaÃ±o. She was damaged during a typhoon in Dec 1944 and was sent to Ulithi for repairs. In Jan 1945, she launched strikes against airfields surrounding the South China Sea. On 16 and 17 Feb 1945, San Jacinto's aircraft joined in the first carrier strikes against the home islands of Japan, dogfighting over airfields near Tokyo. A few days later, she sailed off Iwo Jima where her aircraft provided support for the landing Marines. On 5 Apr 1945, she was the target of a number of special attack aircraft while operating off Okinawa. On 7 Apr 1945, her aircraft torpedoed destroyer Hamakaze which escorted battleship Yamato during Ten-Go. She continued to operate off Japan, launching frequent air strikes until the end of the war. After the war, her aircraft dropped food and other supplies over Allied POW camps until they could be liberated.
ww2dbaseSan Jacinto was decommissioned on 1 Mar 1947. Her hull was sold for scrapping on 15 Dec 1971 to National Metal and Steel Corporation, Terminal Island, Los Angeles, California.
Last Major Revision: Mar 2007
Light Carrier San Jacinto Interactive Map
San Jacinto Operational Timeline
|15 Dec 1943Â||San Jacinto was commissioned into service.|
|1 Mar 1947Â||San Jacinto was decommissioned from service.|
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Â»Â Preparations for Invasion of Japan
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Â»Â US Aircraft Carrier Operational Status By Month
Â»Â US Carrier Time Operational
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General Douglas MacArthur at Leyte, 17 Oct 1944
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