Contributor: Alan Chanter
ww2dbaseThe major manufacturer of light vehicles for the Italian army, Fiat had designed several military type vehicles prior to World War II. The 508 CM, or 508 C Balilla "Torpedo Militare", was one such vehicle. Based upon the civilian Fiat 508 Balilla saloon car the type was ordered by the Ispettorato della Motorizzazione (Inspectorate for Motorization) for use specifically in Italy‚Äôs colonial possessions where rough terrain regularly needed a small utility vehicle with a higher ground clearance than civilian types, and adapted to avoid sinking in soft terrain. The official requirement called for an inexpensive lightweight vehicle with a special military-grade body, good road speed and fair off-road performance. The resultant vehicle utilised a simple four-cylinder Fiat 108C petrol engine driving through a four speed gearbox quickly proved to be a very capable vehicle, although rather uninspiring the Fiat 508 CM would become the most prolific military vehicle employed by the Italians, with large numbers being built between 1937 to 1943.
Philip Trewbitt: Armoured Fighting Vehicles (Dempsey-Parr, 1999)
Wikipedia: Fiat 508 CM
Last Major Revision: Jun 2022
|Machinery||One Fiat 108C 4-cyl 1,089cc petrol engine rated at 32bhp|
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