Guy armoured car file photo [32367]

Guy Armored Car

CountryUnited Kingdom
ManufacturerGuy Motors Ltd.
Primary RoleArmored Car

Contributor:

ww2dbaseIn 1938 the British War Office ran a long competitive trial to select a suitable armoured car, and at the end a contract was given to Guy Motors of Wolverhampton, England, United Kingdom to produce what was then officially called a "light tank (wheeled)". It was, in fact, a four-wheeled armoured car which Guy Motors based on the components of their successful Quad Ant artillery tractor chassis. The Guy Armoured Car had four-wheel drive, though without independent suspension. The simple hull and turret, designed at Woolwich Arsenal, had armour of 15 millimeters and the two-man turret above the centre of the hull contained a No. 19 radio set and two Vickers machine-guns of 0.303-inch and 0.50-inch calibre. The last fifty-one Guy Armoured Cars to be built under the contract had the armament changed to the new 7.92-millimeter and 15-millimeter Besa machine-guns. The Meadows petrol engine was located at the rear, at the time an arrangement unusual in British armoured cars, and from the somewhat underpowered engine the transmission was taken via a transfer box to differentials on the front and rear axles.

ww2dbaseAlthough the pilot models used riveted construction, Guy Motors devised a method of welding which speeded up production and was instrumental in introducing welding techniques into British armoured vehicle construction. After building 101 armoured cars, the company became more involved in mass-production of other vehicles and had no more space to make more, but they continued to produce armoured hulls and turrets which were furnished, with the designs and production techniques, to Karrier Motors Ltd., of Luton, England for building into the Humber Armoured Car, which was essentially similar to the Guy design.

ww2dbaseNo. 3 Air Mission, a special General Headquarters liaison unit with the British Expeditionary Force included what was known as a Phantom Squadron comprised of six Guy Armoured Cars - the only ones to be sent to France in 1940. A troop of Guy Armoured Cars were also employed, between July 1940 and March 1941, to provide protection for the detachment operating the Humber Ironside Special Saloons that transported Royalty and Cabinet Ministers. Other Guy Armoured Cars were employed on Home Defence (and later for training purposes) in the United Kingdom.

ww2dbaseSources:
B. T. White: Tanks and other AFVs of the Blitzkrieg Era 1939-41 (Blandford Press, 1972)
Ian V. Hogg & John Weeks: The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Military Vehicles (Hamlyn Publishing, 1980)

Last Major Revision: Jan 2023

SPECIFICATIONS

Mk I
MachineryOne Meadows 4ELA 4cyl petrol engine rated at 53 bhp at 2,200rpm
Armament1x0.50in Vickers machine gun, 1x0.303in Vickers machine gun
Armor15mm
Crew3
Length4.11 m
Width2.05 m
Height2.28 m
Weight5.3 t
Speed65 km/h
Range340 km

Mk IA
MachineryOne Meadows 4ELA 4cyl petrol engine rated at 53 bhp at 2,200rpm
Armament1x15mm Besa machine gun, 1x7.92mm coaxial Besa machine gun
Armor15mm
Crew3
Length4.11 m
Width2.05 m
Height2.28 m
Weight5.3 t
Speed65 km/h
Range340 km

Photographs

Guy Mk I armoured car, date unknownGuy Mk I armoured car, date unknownGuy Mk I armoured car, date unknownGuy Mk I armored car of C Squadron, 2nd Northamptonshire Yeomanry, British 1st Armoured Division at Albury Heath, Surrey, England, United Kingdom, 20 Jul 1940
See all 5 photographs of Guy Armored Car



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Guy Mk I armoured car, date unknown
See all 5 photographs of Guy Armored Car


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