M1 Carbine file photo [6557]

M1 Carbine Rifle

Country of OriginUnited States
TypeRifle
Caliber7.620 mm
Capacity15 rounds
Length904.000 mm
Barrel Length458.000 mm
Weight2.500 kg
Muzzle Velocity600 m/s

Contributor:

ww2dbaseThe M1 Carbines were semi-automatic carbines were designed for officers, paratroopers, engineers, tankers, and other types of soldiers who might need greater firepower and range than pistols, but found full-size rifles too unwieldy. The design started out in 1940 as a light-weight rifle, but by May 1941, requests were made to convert the design to a carbine. In Oct 1941, the Winchester Repeating Arms Company was awarded contract to build their prototype carbine, which was then designated M1 Carbine. On 22 Oct 1941, M1 Carbines were named the standard carbines of the United States Army. In mid-1942, the first M1 Carbines were delivered to American soldiers stationed in the United Kingdom. They were eventually given to soldiers and Marines fighting in all theaters of WW2.

The M1 Carbines' effectiveness varied. Many reported the M1 Carbines were superior because they do not hamper movement like the longer and heavier M1 Garand rifle. Additionally, these men reported that the relatively high rate of fire and low recoil made them very practical in defense situations. Men who saw frequent combat, however, reported that the carbines did not have ample stopping power, seeing that sometimes an enemy soldier could be hit several times by the M1 Carbines and still fight back relatively effectively.

M1 Carbines were also given to other Allies. The British Special Air Service (SAS), for example, used M1 Carbines and M1A1 Carbines after 1943.

After WW2, many M1 Carbines were given to Israeli forces for use in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. Soon after, they were also given to German and Japanese forces; the Japanese ones were produced in Japan by Howa Machinery under American supervision. After the Korean War, where they saw widespread use, M1 Carbines were exported to many countries friendly to the United States, including South Korea, Republic of China in Taiwan, South Vietnam, and others.

A fully-automatic variant was produced also produced after the war, designated the M2 Carbine.

Starting in the mid-1950s, the United States began selling military surplus of M1 Carbines to civilians, including police forces. Many of these civilian versions remain in use today.

In the mid-1960s, with the introduction of the M16 rifle, the M1 and M2 Carbines were finally retired from US Army service.

A total of 6.25 million M1 Carbines of various models were manufactured, making this design the most produced small arm in American military history. Although the design belonged to Winchester, they were built by various companies including Inland (a division of General Motors), IBM, Underwood (typewriter maker), and Rock-Ola (jukebox maker). Modern variants of the design are still being manufactured today.

Source: Wikipedia.

ww2dbase

Last Major Revision: Nov 2007

M1 Carbine Rifle Interactive Map

Photographs

MGen George Patton and RAdm John Hall, US Navy (behind Patton  and, Yes, the Admiral has his helmet on backwards) prepare to go ashore at Fedhala, Morocco during the North African operation, 9 Nov 1942.Lieutenant General Patton in North Africa, 1943US Army troops training with 81mm M1 mortar, Camp Carson, Colorado, United States, 24 Apr 1943; note M1 CarbineAmerican troops at Massacre Bay, Attu, Aleutian Islands, US Territory of Alaska, 11 May 1943
See all 76 photographs of M1 Carbine Rifle



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Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Anonymous says:
30 Jan 2018 08:41:29 AM

Greetings. On another board a poster is rather adamant that US troops used Vampir night vision captured from the Germans on Okinawa. Is this accurate?
2. Anonymous says:
1 Dec 2018 05:28:27 PM

THEY WERE THE RUBBER PLANTERS WORK WEAPON DURING THE MALAYAN EMERGENCY FROM 1949 TO I960. THEY WERE ISSUED TO CIVILIAN MANAGERS WORKING IN REMOTE DISTRICTS , POLICE AND BRITISH ARMY UNITS OPERATING IN FIELD OPERATIONS AGAINST THE COMMUNIST TERRORISTS. THE WRITER HAD THE PLEASURE OF USING ONE ON MANY JUNGLE OPS.IN MALAYA IN THE 1950's WHERE THEY WERE SO LIGHT TO CARRY, PARTICULARLY IN THE JUNGLE WHERE THEY WERE SUPERIOR TO THE .303 BOLT ACTION JUNGLE CARBINE, WHICH WAS HEAVY, WITH FLASH ELIMINATOR AND BAYONET LUG THAT CAUGHT IN JUNGLE VINES AND DID NOT HAVE THE SEMI- AUTO FIREPOWER OF THE M1. IT WAS PRETTY ACCURATE AT THE SHORT RANGE OF MOST ENEMY CONTACTS IN THAT ENVIRONMENT AND HAD THE STOPPING POWER WITH THE RIGHT AMMO.

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M1 Carbine Rifle Photo Gallery
MGen George Patton and RAdm John Hall, US Navy (behind Patton  and, Yes, the Admiral has his helmet on backwards) prepare to go ashore at Fedhala, Morocco during the North African operation, 9 Nov 1942.
See all 76 photographs of M1 Carbine Rifle




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