DShK file photo [5623]

DShK M1938 Machine Gun

Country of OriginRussia
TypeMachine Gun
Caliber12.700 mm
Capacity50 rounds
Length1,655.000 mm
Barrel Length1,070.000 mm
Weight35.500 kg
Rate of Fire550 rounds/min
Muzzle Velocity850 m/s


ww2dbaseIn the mid-1930s, Russian weapons designer Georgi Shpagin developed a belt-feed mechanism that promised greater firepower. Together with Vasily Degtyaryov, they developed the DShK M1938 heavy machine guns. The name came from the two designer's names, but Russian soldiers who subsequently used them affectionately called these weapons dushka, or "dear". By the time Russia entered WW2 with the invasion of Poland, they were already the standard heavy machine guns of the Russian Army. When used in their original intended role, heavy infantry support, they were often mounted on tripods or mounted on vehicle-towed trolleys. Aside from that role, they were also often used as vehicle-mounted anti-aircraft weapons or mounted on tanks or self-propelled guns as their secondary weapons. In 1946, the DShK M1938/46, or DShKM, variant design was introduced. Later, the design was shared with other Communist countries, resulting in licensed production in Communist China, Pakistan, and Romania. Some examples of DShK heavy machine guns are still in military use today.

Source: Wikipedia.


Last Major Revision: Feb 2008


DShK machine gun and other weapons atop a Soviet armored train, 1941Soviet Sergeant Fyodor Konoplyov and his crew firing a DShK anti-aircraft gun, Leningrad, Russia, 9 Oct 1942DShK M1938 heavy machine being used as a tank-mounted weapon by a Soviet soldier in Danzig, late Mar 1945Chinese communist troops operating a DShK M1938 heavy machine gun as an anti-aircraft weapon, post-WW2

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DShK machine gun and other weapons atop a Soviet armored train, 1941
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