9 Sep 1943

Photo(s) dated 9 Sep 1943
Vice Admiral H. Kent Hewitt and Rear Admiral Spencer Lewis aboard USS Ancon off Salerno, Italy, Sep 1943
12 Sep 1943

Photo(s) dated 12 Sep 1943
USS Ancon (background), HM LST-404, and other ships off Salerno, Italy, 12 Sep 1943USS Ancon off Salerno, Italy, 12 Sep 1943
13 Sep 1943

  • German troops near Salerno, Italy launched a counter offensive against the recent Allied landings, striking at the region near Battipaglia, pushing US units back toward the beach, and re-capturing Altavilla 14 kilometers northeast of Paestum by nightfall. Allied leadership began to prepare, but did not execute, evacuation plans. ww2dbase [Operation Avalanche | Salerno, Campania | TH, CPC]
14 Sep 1943

  • US 180th Infantry Regiment arrived at Paestum in Italy, relieving two battalions of paratroopers of US 82nd Airborne Division; meanwhile, a US airborne battalion was dropped behind German lines nearby in an attempt to take pressure off the Salerno invasion beach. German forces continued the assaults the Allied beachheads, with main pressure placed upon the American sector, but naval gunfire and aerial bombardment gave the defenders enough firepower to hold the lines. ww2dbase [Operation Avalanche | Salerno, Campania | TH, CPC]
15 Sep 1943

16 Sep 1943

  • Bernard Montgomery's British 5th Infantry Division reached Sapri, less than 100 kilometers from Salerno, Italy. Heinrich von Vietinghoff recommended Albert Kesselring to break off the offensive in the Salerno area, fall back, and form a defensive line, but meanwhile the German troops attempted to attack positions held by troops of British X Corps near Salerno, making little progress. At Salerno, about 600 men of the British X Corps mutinied when informed that they were to be assigned to new units as replacements. To the north, after sundown, British 10th Parachute Battalion and 156th Parachute Battalion captured Gioia. ww2dbase [Operation Avalanche | Salerno, Campania | TH, AC]
  • USS Ancon departed Salerno, Italy and arrived in Palermo, Italy. ww2dbase [Operation Avalanche | Ancon | Salerno, Campania | CPC]
17 Sep 1943

  • British Eighth Army linked up with US troops near Salerno in Italy; Albert Kesselring issued the order to break off the counteroffensive at Salerno and form a defensive line. ww2dbase [Operation Avalanche | Salerno, Campania | TH, CPC]
19 Sep 1943


Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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