2 Mar 1876

Italy
  • Pius XII was born in Rome, Italy. ww2dbase [Pius XII | Rome | CPC]
7 Feb 1924

Photo(s) dated 7 Feb 1924
Benito Mussolini signing a treaty with Soviet representatives at the Palazzo Chigi, Rome, Italy, 7 Feb 1924
8 Jan 1930

Italy
  • Princess Marie-José of Belgium married Prince Umberto of Piemonte in Rome, Italy. ww2dbase [Rome | AC]
15 Apr 1939

Italy
  • Hermann Göring arrived in Rome, Italy to meet with Benito Mussolini. ww2dbase [Hermann Göring | Rome | CPC]
16 Apr 1939

Italy
  • Hermann Göring met with Benito Mussolini in Rome, Italy. ww2dbase [Hermann Göring | Rome | CPC]
10 Aug 1939

Italy
  • Italian Foreign Minister Galeazzo Ciano departed Rome, Italy for Salzburg in southern Germany (occupied Austria) to meet with his German counterpart Joachim von Ribbentrop. ww2dbase [Galeazzo Ciano | Rome | CPC]
24 Jun 1940

Italy
  • The Franco-Italian armistice was signed at Villa Olgiata near Rome, Italy by French General Huntziger and Italian General Badoglio. Fighting would continue until the following day when the agreement would take effect. ww2dbase [Invasion of France and the Low Countries | Rome | TH]
22 Jul 1941

Italy
  • Italian Count Galeazzo Ciano noted in his diary that Benito Mussolini had staged a mock air raid over Rome, Italy on this date, with anti-aircraft positions firing. The purpose of this production was to give the citizens the impression that a serious war was going on. ww2dbase [Galeazzo Ciano | Rome | CPC]
23 Nov 1941

Italy
  • The Italian High Command in Rome, Italy agreed to put the Italian XX Mobile Corps, which included the Ariete Division and the Trieste Division, under Erwin Rommel's direct command. On the same day, at the Battle of Totensonntag, Axis troops outflanked British forces south of Sidi Rezegh, Libya, inflicting heavy casualties and forcing the British 7th Armored Division to withdraw 20 miles. ww2dbase [Operation Crusader | Rome | CPC]
6 Feb 1942

Italy
  • Hermann Göring departed Rome, Italy. Galeazzo Ciano noted in his diary that during this visit, Göring was seen wearing expensive jewelry and furs. ww2dbase [Hermann Göring | Rome | CPC]
20 Jul 1942

Italy
16 Aug 1942

Italy
  • Benito Mussolini presented Hans-Joachim Marseille the Gold Medal of Military Valor (Medaglia d'oro al Valore Militare) in Rome, Italy. ww2dbase [Hans-Joachim Marseille | Rome | CPC]
21 Aug 1942

Italy
25 Oct 1942

Italy
  • Erwin Rommel visited Rome, Italy to press for more supplies for the war in North Africa. He arrived in Egypt to assume command of all Axis units in North Africa by the evening. ww2dbase [Erwin Rommel | Rome | CPC]
5 Feb 1943

Italy
  • Benito Mussolini personally took over the Italian Foreign Ministry after firing his son-in-law Galeazzo Ciano. ww2dbase [Benito Mussolini | Rome | TH]
19 Jun 1943

Italy
  • The Italian Minister of Transport, Vittorio Cini, openly criticised Benito Mussolini during a Cabinet meeting. Normally Cini would have been arrested inmmediately and faced a firing squad; but Mussolini had already seen the red light and had tried to put out peace soundings to Anthony Eden, the British Foreign Secretary. ww2dbase [Benito Mussolini | Rome | AC]
25 Jun 1943

Italy
  • The first Italian "M" armored division was formed near Rome, Italy as Mussolini's bodyguard unit. ww2dbase [Rome | CPC]
18 Jul 1943

Italy
19 Jul 1943

Italy
  • The Italian capital of Rome experienced its first air raid by the USAAF, which resulted in 1,500 civilian deaths; 157 B-17 and 112 B-24 aircraft embarked on this attack, 5 of which were lost. Most of the bombers focused on rail marshalling yards in or around the city. ww2dbase [Operation Avalanche | Rome | TH, CPC]
24 Jul 1943

Italy
  • The Fascist Grand Council in Rome, Italy voted 19 to 7 for King Vittorio Emanuele III of Italy to retake command of Italian military from Mussolini; Count Ciano, Mussolini's son-in-law, also voted against him. Upon relieving his duties, King Vittorio Emanuele III ordered Mussolini arrested. ww2dbase [Benito Mussolini | Rome | CPC]
28 Jul 1943

Italy
  • Otto Skorzeny arrived in Rome, Italy and visited Albert Kesselring at the Tusculum II villa outside of the city. ww2dbase [Otto Skorzeny | Rome | CPC]
30 Jul 1943

Italy
4 Aug 1943

Italy
  • Otto Skorzeny learned from the German Police Attaché that Benito Mussolini had been transported in an ambulance from the Royal Palace in Rome, Italy to one of the carabinieri barracks in Rome back on 25 Jul 1943. ww2dbase [Joachim von Ribbentrop | Rome | CPC]
13 Aug 1943

Italy
  • The US IX Bomber Command attacked the Lorenzo marshaling yards near Rome, Italy with 106 B-17 bombers, 66 B-25 bombers, and 102 B-26 bombers, escorted by 140 P-38G Lightning fighters. Heavy damage was inflicted on the yards and although two B-26Cs were downed the Italians lost five modern fighters in combat with the P-38 fighters. ww2dbase [Bombing of Rome, Naples, and Other Cities | Rome | AC]
14 Aug 1943

Italy
11 Sep 1943

Photo(s) dated 11 Sep 1943
German crew of a 7.5 cm PaK 40 anti-tank gun resting in front of the Italian State Radio at the corner of Via Asiago and Via Montello, Rome, Italy, 11 Sep 1943.
4 Jan 1944

Photo(s) dated 4 Jan 1944
German trucks parked before the Monument to Vittorio Emanuele II in Rome, Italy, 4 Jan 1944; they were about to be used to transfer Italian artwork to Germany
2 Jun 1944

Italy
  • Allied forces overran the German Caesar C Line south of Rome, Italy; Adolf Hitler ordered Albert Kesselring that the Italian capital would be abandoned. ww2dbase [Battle of Anzio | Rome | CPC]
3 Jun 1944

Italy
4 Jun 1944

Italy
  • Mark Clark and the US 5th Army entered Rome, Italy unopposed; Clark immediately held a press conference on the steps of the Town Hall on the Capitoline Hill. Some fellow Allied generals thought Clark had failed to trap the German 10th Army. Nearby, the Italian motor torpedo boat base at Terracina was evacuated. ww2dbase [Battle of Anzio | Rome, Lazio | AC, CPC]
Photo(s) dated 4 Jun 1944
US infantry running past a burning tank, Rome, Italy, 4 Jun 1944
5 Jun 1944

Photo(s) dated 5 Jun 1944
American troops in Rome, circa Jun 1944; note the US Army soldiers march past the Colosseum in Rome, Italy, shortly after the German forces departed, Jun 5 1944.American tank destroyers at the Colosseum, Rome, Italy, Jun 1944Lieutenant General Mark Clark, Major General Alfred Gruenther, and Major General Geoffrey Keyes entering Rome, Italy, 5 Jun 1944
See all photos dated 5 Jun 1944
12 Oct 1945

Italy
  • Anton Dostler was sentenced to death in Rome, Italy. ww2dbase [Anton Dostler | Rome | CPC]
31 Oct 1946

Italy
  • Israeli terrorists bombed the British Embassy in Rome, Italy. ww2dbase [Rome | AC]
25 Jul 1957

Italy
20 Dec 1966

Italy
11 Jun 1980

Italy
25 Oct 1980

Italy
  • Prince Philipp passed away in Rome, Italy. ww2dbase [Philipp | Rome | CPC]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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